On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
March 18, 1782 - John C. Calhoun born, Calhoun Mills, Abbeville District (now Mount Carmel, McCormick County), S.C.
March 18, 1829 - William R Boggs, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army) and chief of engineers, born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1911)
March 18, 1839 - Francis Fessenden, American lawyer, politician, and Major General (Union Army), born in Portland, Maine (d. 1906)
March 18, 1861 - By a vote of 39-35 the Arkansas convention defeats a secession motion. Instead, they vote to allow a general election in August to determine the question of secession.
March 18, 1861 - The Arkansas State Convention held at Little Rock, AR, votes against seceding, 39-35, but agrees to another vote later in the year.
March 18, 1861 - Lieut. Adam Jacoby Slemmer, USA, who is commanding at Fort Pickens, FL, returns 4 fugitive slaves to their masters.
March 18, 1861 - The Governor of Texas, Sam Houston, quietly leaves office rather than swear allegiance to the Confederacy.
March 18, 1861 - The affair with Indians on the Columbia River, near the Kootenay River, the Washington Territory.
March 18, 1862 - Jefferson Davis moves Judah Benjamin from the War Department to Secretary of State, replacing R. M. T. Hunter. George Randolph of Virginia is appointed Secretary of War.
March 18, 1862 - Dabney Herndon Maury, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
March 18, 1862 - Ambrose Everett Burnside, U.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.
March 18, 1862 - Skirmish at Spring River, or Salem, AR.
March 18, 1862 - Confederate troops under Gen. Albert Sidney Johnson, CSA, begin arriving at Corinth, MS, from Murfreesboro, TN.
March 18, 1862 - Federal operations in Johnson, Saint Clair, and Henry Counties, MO, including skirmish near Leesville, MO, by Brig. Gen. James Totten, USA. (Mar 19). (Mar 18-30)
March 18, 1862 - Engagement at Point Pleasant, MO.
March 18, 1862 - Skirmish at Middletown, VA.
March 18, 1863 - Lieut. Gen. Theophilus H. Holmes, CSA, assumes command of the Confederate District of Arkansas.
March 18, 1864 - Skirmish at Monticello, AR.
March 18, 1864 - Affair on Spring Creek, AR.
March 18, 1864 - Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA, officially assumes the command of the Military Division of the Mississippi, as Sherman and Grant plot military strategy at Cincinnati, OH.
March 18, 1864 - Federal scout from Island No. 10, TN, aboard the steamer, John Rowe, to New Madrid, MO. The party included Company C, 7th Louisiana Infantry of African descent, with no encounters.
March 18, 1864 - Lieut. Gen. James Longstreet, CSA, resumes the command of the Dept. of East Tennessee.
March 18, 1865 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.
March 18, 1865 - Thomas James Churchill, C.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.
March 18, 1865 - John Sappington Marmaduke, C.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.
March 18, 1865 - Richard Waterhouse, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
March 18, 1865 - Charles Ewing, USA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
March 18, 1865 - Federal expedition from Dauphin Island to Fowl River Narrows, AL, and skirmishes, the Mobile, AL, Campaign. (Mar 18-22)
March 18, 1865 - Federal expedition from Fort Gibson to the following in the Indian Territory:
Deep Fork, 50 miles from Fort Gibson
We-wo-ka, 85 miles southwest of Fort Gibson
Little River Town, 25 miles southwest of We-wo-ka
Hillabee, 20 miles east of We-wo-ka
Canadian River, 20 miles southeast of We-wo-ka, with no
encounters with the enemy. The Yankees report there are
no longer any citizens living in this part of the Territory.
March 18, 1865 - Skirmish at the Amite River, LA.
March 18, 1865 - Col. John G. Fonda, 118th Illinois Infantry, is assigned to the temporary command of the District of Baton Rouge, LA.
March 18, 1865 - Brig. Gen. Joseph L. Brent, CSA, assumes the command of the Cavalry Forces, of the Front Lines, of the District of West Louisiana.
March 18, 1865 - Skirmish near Benton's Cross-Roads, NC, as Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's Confederate Army of 20,000 faces the total combined army of Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA, of 100,000. Johnston decides to attack the Union column of 30,000 under Maj. Gen. Henry W. Slocum, USA, with Lieut. Gen. Wade Hampton's, CSA, Cavalry attacking Brig. Gen. Judson Kilpatrick and his Union Cavalry.
March 18, 1865 - Skirmish at Bushy Swamp, NC.
March 18, 1865 - Skirmish at Mingo Creek, NC.
March 18, 1865 - Maj. Gen. Jacob D. Cox, USA, is relieved from the command of the District of Beaufort, SC, and is assigned to command the Provisional Corps, SC.
March 18, 1865 - Skirmish at Livingston, TN.
March 18, 1865 - Skirmish near Dranesville, VA, as the Federal Cavalry patrol confronts and routs a party of Rebel Cavalry, inflicting casualties.
March 18, 1976 - Kentucky ratifies the 14th Amendment.