On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
March 16, 1802 - The 1st US Military Academy at West Point is established through Congressional act (opened July 4, 1802)
March 16, 1818 - Missouri's petition for statehood is presented to the U. S. House. It is not considered before the end of the session.
March 16, 1822 - John Pope, American Major General (Union Army), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1892)
March 16, 1861 - Confederate government appoints commissioners to Great Britain.
March 16, 1861 - Edward Clark became Governor of Texas, replacing Sam Houston, who is evicted from the office for refusing to take an oath of loyalty to the Confederacy (US Civil War).
March 16, 1861 - Confederate provisional congress creates the Confederate Marine Corps. It never numbers more than 600 members and its records are destroyed on purpose near the end of the war.
March 16, 1861 - Edwin Vose Sumner promoted to Brigadier General and given command of the Department of the Pacific, replacing Albert Sidney Johnston.
March 16, 1861 - The Arizona (Territory) State Convention held at Mesilla, votes to leave the Union.
March 16, 1862 - Action at Pound Gap, KY, with Brig. Gen. James A. Garfield, USA, and Brig. Gen. Humphrey Marshall, CSA.
March 16, 1862 - Skirmish near Marshall, MO.
March 16, 1862 - Skirmish near Pittsburg Landing, or Black Jack Forest, TN.
March 16, 1863 - Ulysses S. Grant ends his Yazoo Pass expedition, but orders William Tecumseh Sherman to try Steele's Bayou again.
March 16, 1863 - Philip Henry Sheridan, U.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.
March 16, 1863 - The following are appointed Union Brigadier Generals:
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn, USA
Joseph Anthony Mower, USA
Thomas Church Haskell Smith, USA
March 16, 1863 - Federal expedition from Jackson to Trenton, TN. (Mar 16-18)
March 16, 1863 - The Confederate Cavalry commands of Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn and Brig. Gen. Joseph Wheeler, CSA, are designated as the Confederate Army Corps, of the Army of Tennessee.
March 16, 1864 - Maj. Gen. Sterling Price, CSA, supersedes Lieut. Gen. Theophilus H. Holmes, CSA, in the command of the District of Arkansas.
March 16, 1864 - Skirmish near Palatka, FL, with Brig. Gen. Truman Seymour, USA, commanding the District of Florida.
March 16, 1864 - Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks, USA, occupies Alexandria, LA, on the Red River, with the assistance of nine Union ironclads and gunboats, under Admiral David Porter, USN.
March 16, 1864 - Brig. Gen. Orlando B. Willcox, USA, resumes the command of the 9th US Army Corps, enroute to Annapolis, MD.
March 16, 1864 - Federal scout from Pilot Knob, MO, through Barnesville, to the Arkansas line, and skirmishes with guerrillas. (Mar 16-25)
March 16, 1864 - Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest's, CSA, Confederate Expedition into West Tennessee and Kentucky. (Mar 6-Apr 14)
March 16, 1864 - Confederate raid on the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad, near Tullahoma, TN, with the Rebel capture and destruction of a train of freight cars heavily laden with supplies for the Federal army at Chattanooga, with 60 Federal prisoners and about 20 Yankee Negroes killed, during Col. John M. Hughs', CSA, Confederate operations in Middle Tennessee.
March 16, 1864 - Skirmish at Santa Rosa, TX.
March 16, 1864 - Affair near Annandale, VA, where a Rebel party capture a couple of Union stragglers; the Federals escape by killing the Rebel guards.
March 16, 1864 - Skirmish at Bristoe Station, VA.
March 16, 1864 - Federal reconnaissance from Harper's Ferry, WV, toward Snicker's Gap, VA, meeting up with a couple of Lieut. Col. John S. Mosby's Partisan Rangers with little action. (Mar 16-18)
March 16, 1864 - Federal scout in Cabell and Wayne Counties, WV, including to Barboursville and Wayne Court-House. (Mar 16-18)
March 16, 1865 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.
March 16, 1865 - The Battle of Averasboro (or Taylor's Hole Creek), NC, between Maj. Gen. Henry W. Slocum's column of Sherman's Army, and Lieut. Gen. William J. Hardee, CSA; Hardee withdrawing toward Bentonville, NC, to join up with the main body of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's Confederate Army. Total casualties approximate 1,550.
March 16, 1865 - Skirmish at Little Cohera Creek, NC.
March 16, 1865 - Gen. Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard, CSA, is announced as 2nd in command of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's Confederate Army, NC.
March 16, 1865 - Lieut. Gen. Alexander P. Stewart, CSA, is assigned to the command of the infantry and artillery of the Army of Tennessee.
March 16, 1865 - Federal scout from near Winchester to Front Royal, VA.
March 16, 1865 - Federal scout from Summit Point, through Cabletown and Myerstown, to the Shenandoah Ferry, WV. (Mar 16-17)
March 16, 1868 - Iowa ratifies the 14th Amendment.
March 16, 1899 - Joseph Medill, newspaper publisher (Chicago Tribune), early Lincoln supporter and mayor of Chicago, dies in San Antonio, TX. (b. 1823)