March 14 In Civil War History


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On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag

March 14, 1794 - Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin machine revolutionizing the cotton industry in the southern US states.

March 14, 1808 - Catharinus Putnam Buckingham, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Zanesville, Ohio (d. 1888)

March 14, 1816 - Montgomery Dent Corse, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Alexandria, Virginia (d. 1895)

March 14, 1823 - Roswell S. Ripley, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Worthington, Ohio (d. 1887)

March 14, 1862 - The following are appointed Confederate Brigadier Generals:
John Stevens Bowen, CSA
Benjamin Hardin Helm, CSA
Henry Eustace McCulloch, CSA

March 14, 1862 - Andrew Jackson Smith, USA, is appointed Brig. Gen.

March 14, 1862 - Brig. Gen. James Heyward Trapier, CSA, is assigned command of the Confederate Dept. of Middle and East Florida.

March 14, 1862 - The capture of New Madrid, MO, by Brig. Gen. John Pope, USA, as Maj. Gen. John P. McCown, CSA, retreats to Island No. 10.

March 14, 1862 - The Battle of New Berne, NC. Brig. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside, USA, captures the town, while Brig. Gen. Lawrence O'Bryan, CSA, retreats.

March 14, 1862 - Maj. Gen. John Clifford Pemberton, CSA, is assigned command of Confederate Dept. of South Carolina and Georgia.

March 14, 1862 - Federal expedition from Savannah, TN, to Yellow Creek, MS, and the occupation of Pittsburg Landing, TN, with Brig. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA, commanding. (Mar 14-17)

March 14, 1862 - Skirmishes at Big Creek Gap and Jacksboro, TN, with Maj. Gen. E. Kirby Smith, CSA.

March 14, 1862 - Federal reconnaissance to Cedar Run, VA, by Brig. Gen. George Stoneman, USA.

March 14, 1862 - Brig. Gen. William Starke Rosecrans, USA, assumes the command of the Mountain Dept., VA.

March 14, 1863 - Thomas Greely Stevenson, USA, is appointed Brig. Gen.

March 14, 1863 - Engagement between the Union fleet and the Port Hudson, LA, batteries, with the loss of the Federal gunboat, the USS Mississippi, while other gunboats safely pass. (Mar 14-15)

March 14, 1863 - The Steele's Bayou Expedition (to Rolling Fork, MS, by Muddy Steele's, Black Bayou and Deer Creek), by Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, USA, on Vicksburg, MS, with skirmishes:
Deer Creek (Mar 21 & 22)
Black Bayou (Mar 24 & 25).

March 14, 1863 - Skirmish at Davis' Mill, TN.

March 14, 1864 - Skirmish at Claysville, AL.

March 14, 1864 - Skirmish at Hopefield, AR.

March 14, 1864 - The advance of the Union forces from Franklin to Alexandria, LA, the Red River (LA) Campaign. (Mar 14-26)

March 14, 1864 - The capture of Fort De Russy, near Simsport, LA, led by Brig. Gen. Andrew Jackson Smith, USA. under Maj. Gen. Banks, USA, the Red River (LA) Campaign.

March 14, 1864 - Federal operations in Jones County, MS, against guerrillas.

March 14, 1864 - Skirmish at Bent Creek, TN.

March 14, 1864 - The 9th US Army Corps, Maj. Gen. John G. Parke, USA, commanding, is ordered from East Tennessee to Annapolis, MD.

March 15, 1865 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.

March 15, 1865 - Skirmish near Dalton, GA, where the Yankees are surprised to capture a Rebel belonging to Gen. Robert E. Lee's Virginian Army.

March 15, 1865 - Federal reconnaissance from Fayetteville on the Goldsborough road to Black River, NC, and skirmish.

March 15, 1865 - Federal reconnaissance from Fayetteville on the Raleigh road to Silver Run Creek, NC, and skirmish.

March 15, 1865 - The Union forces, under Maj. Gen. Jacob D. Cox, USA, occupy Kinston, NC.

March 15, 1865 - The limits of the District of Oregon is extended to include the entire State of Oregon.

March 15, 1865 - Skirmish at the South Anna Bridge, VA, as Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan, USA, and his cavalry move towards Petersburg, VA.

March 15, 1865 - Skirmish at Woodstock, VA.

March 15, 1865 - Federal scout from New Creek to Moorefield, WV, in search of any Confederates still in the area. (Mar 14-17)

March 15, 1865 - Federal scout from Philippi to Carrick's Ford, WV, in search of any Confederate forces still in the area. (Mar 14-16)

March 14, 1902 - Daniel H. Reynolds, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 69 in Lake Village, Arkansas.

March 14, 1919 - Roger Atkinson Pryor, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 90 in New York, NY.
 

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March 14, 1863 - The Steele's Bayou Expedition (to Rolling Fork, MS, by Muddy Steele's, Black Bayou and Deer Creek), by Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, USA, on Vicksburg, MS, with skirmishes:
Deer Creek (Mar 21 & 22)
Black Bayou (Mar 24 & 25).
Deer Creek is on the flag of my ancestor's regiment,the 40th Alabama Infantry.

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