On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
March 10, 1818 - George Wythe Randolph, Secy War (Confederacy), born in Charlottesville, VA. (d. 1867)
March 10, 1824 - Thomas James Churchill, Major General (Confederate Army), born in Louisville, KY. (d. 1905)
March 10, 1832 - William Henry Penrose, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 1903)
March 10, 1846 - Edward Baker Lincoln, son of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, born in Springfield, IL. (d. 1850)
March 10, 1849 - Abraham Lincoln applies for a patent (only US President to do so) for a device to lift a boat over shoals and obstructions.
March 10, 1862 - The following are appointed Confederate Major Generals:
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham, C.S.A.
David Rumph Jones, C.S.A.
John Porter McCown, C.S.A.
March 10, 1862 - William Henry Forney, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
March 10, 1862 - US issues 1st paper money ($5, $10, $20, $50, $100, $500 & $1000)
March 10, 1862 - Skirmish in La Fayette County, MO.
March 10, 1862 - Skirmish at Jacksboro, Big Creek Gap, TN.
March 10, 1862 - Skirmish at Burke's Station, VA.
March 10, 1863 - President Lincoln issues an order of amnesty for men absent without leave from the Union Army. They must report by April 1st or they will be considered deserters.
March 10, 1863 - Operations in the Humboldt Military District, CA, against Indians. (Mar 10-Jul 10)
March 10, 1863 - Union forces, mostly black, and led by Col. Higginson, USA, reoccupy Jacksonville, FL.
March 10, 1863 - President Jefferson Davis meets with Lieut. Gen. John C. Pemberton, CSA, at Vicksburg, MS.
March 10, 1863 - The Confederate demonstration on Plymouth, NC, is driven off by the nearby Union gunboats. (Mar 10-13)
March 10, 1863 - Federal scout to La Fayette and Moscow, TN, and skirmish. (Mar 11-16)
March 10, 1863 - Skirmish near Murfreesboro, TN.
March 10, 1864 - Grant meets George Gordon Meade, commander of the Army of the Potomac, in Virginia.
March 10, 1864 - Federal expedition from Batesville to Wild Haws, Strawberry Creek, etc, AR. (Mar 10-12)
March 10, 1864 - Confederate guerrilla raid on Clinton, KY, taking government horses, and breaking into local stores.
March 10, 1864 - Confederate guerrilla raid on Mayfield, KY, breaking into stores of local Union men.
March 10, 1864 - The Red River Campaign, LA, begins as Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks, USA, begins to concentrate troops at New Orleans, LA, for a drive into the heartland of the Confederate Trans-Mississippi region. (Mar 10-May 22)
March 10, 1864 - Detachment from the Army of the Tennessee, under the command of Brig. Gen. Andrew J. Smith, USA. embarks at Vicksburg, MS, to assist Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks, USA.
March 10, 1864 - Skirmish in White County, TN, with Union Cavalry; the Rebels are forced to retreat with casualties on both sides during Col. John M. Hughs', CSA, Confederate operations in Middle Tennessee.
March 10, 1864 - Skirmishes near Charlestown and at Kabletown, WV, where the superior Union force pursuing Lieut. Col. John S. Mosby, CSA gets the worst of this engagement.
March 10, 1864 - Maj. Gen. Franz Sigel, USA, supersedes Brig. Gen. Benjamin F. Kelley, USA, in the command of the Dept. of West Virginia.
March 10, 1865 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.
March 10, 1865 - Maj. Gen. William Henry Chase Whiting, CSA, dies as a prisoner of war at Fort Columbus, NY, from his wounds received at the Federal assault on Fort Fisher, NC, on Jan 15.
March 10, 1865 - Skirmish between Boyd's and the Woodville Station, AL.
March 10, 1865 - Federal scout from Little Rock to Clear Lake, AR, with skirmish (Mar 11) at Clear Lake. (Mar 10-13)
March 10, 1865 - Engagement at Monroe's Crossroads, SC, where Brig. Gen. Hugh Judson Kilpatrick, USA, defeats Lieut. Gen. Wade Hampton, CSA.
March 10, 1865 - Federal expedition from Suffolk, VA, to Murfree's Depot, NC, with skirmish (10th) at South Quay, VA. (Mar 10-11)
March 10, 1865 - Now near Fayetteville, North Carolina, the major impediment to Sherman's Army march north was rain.
March 10, 1913 - Harriet Tubman [Araminta Ross], American abolitionist, former slave and humanitarian (Underground Railroad), dies at about 91 in Auburn, NY.
March 10, 2009 - The National Museum of American History opens a watch owned by President Abraham Lincoln and discovers a message written by watchmaker Jonathan Dillon dated April 13, 1861 stating "Fort Sumpter was attacked by the rebels. Thank God we have a government."