On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
March 1, 1781 - Articles of Confederation approved by all 13 states.
March 1, 1784 - Congress accepts the cession of western lands from the state of Virginia.
March 1, 1820 - Missouri Compromise moves out of conference committee and to the floor of the House and Senate for debate.
March 1, 1841 - Joseph R. Anderson hired as commercial agent for Tredegar Iron Works.
March 1, 1845 - US President John Tyler signs a resolution annexing the Republic of Texas.
March 1, 1861 - P. G. T. Beauregard appointed Brigadier General [CS].
March 1, 1861 - Edwin Vose Sumner, USA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
March 1, 1861 - The Government of the Confederate States of America, (CSA) assumes control of the military affairs at Charleston, South Carolina.
March 1, 1861 - Bvt. Maj. Gen. David E. Twiggs, USA, in Texas, is dismissed from the US Military service by order of President Buchanan.
March 1, 1861 - Jefferson Davis orders General P. G. T. Beauregard to Charleston, South Carolina.
March 1, 1861 - Texas accepted as a state by the provisional government of the Confederate States of America.
March 1, 1861 - The U. S. Congress rejects the Washington Peace Conference proposals.
March 1, 1862 - Robert Ransom, Jr., CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
March 1, 1862 - Charles Sidney Winder, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
March 1, 1862 - David Hunter, U.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.
March 1, 1862 - Irvin McDowell, U.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.
March 1, 1862 - John McArthur, USA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
March 1, 1862 - Skirmish near Sikeston, MO.
March 1, 1862 - Engagement at Pittsburg Landing, TN, between Brig. Gen. George W. Cullum, USA, and Union gunboats, USS Lexington and USS Tyler, and Confederate batteries.
March 1, 1863 - The Federal capture of, and skirmish near, Bloomfield, MO.
March 1, 1863 - Federal expedition from New Berne aboard the US steamer, Escort, to Swan Quarter, NC, and skirmishes (Mar 3 & 4) near Fairfield and Swan Quarter; the Union taking casualties; they receive the protection of the US gunboat, North State. (Mar 1-6)
March 1, 1863 - Skirmish at Bradyville, TN, with Brig Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest, CSA.
March 1, 1863 - Skirmish at Woodbury, TN.
March 1, 1864 - The following are appointed Confederate Brigadier Generals:
Richard Lucian Page, CSA
Claudius Wistar Sears, CSA
William Feimester Tucker, CSA
March 1, 1864 - Skirmish at Cedar Glade, AR.
March 1, 1864 - Skirmish in the Redwood Mountains, near Arcata, CA, with the Redwood Indians.
March 1, 1864 - Skirmishes at Cedar and McGirt's Creeks, FL, as the Federals advanced to ascertain the Confederates' position at Ten-Mile Station.
March 1, 1864 - Federal operations on the Ouachita River, LA, including actions at Trinity and Harrisonburg. The following US vessels were engaged: Conestoga, Cricket, Fort Hindman, Lexington, Osage and the Ouachita. (Mar 1-4)
March 1, 1864 - Skirmish at Ashland, VA, as Brig. Gen. Judson Kilpatrick, USA, calls off his column's attack on Richmond and crosses the Chickahominy east of Richmond, VA.
March 1, 1864 - Skirmish near Atlee's, VA, with portions of the Union cavalry of the Kilpatrick raid on Richmond, VA.
March 1, 1864 - Skirmishes on the Brook turnpike, near Richmond, VA, as Col. Ulric Dahlgren, USA, abandons his attempt to enter Richmond, VA, from the north, at Short Pump, and hangs his guide, a young Negro lad for leading them astray.
March 1, 1864 - Skirmish at Burton's Ford, Rapidan River, VA, as Brig. Gen. George A. Custer's, USA, diversionary expedition ends today.
March 1, 1864 - Skirmish near Stanardsville, VA, with Brig. Gen. George A. Custer, USA.
March 1, 1865 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.
March 1, 1865 - Alexander William Campbell, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
March 1, 1865 - Ellison Capers, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
March 1, 1865 - Federal expedition from Gravelly Springs to Florence, AL. (Mar 1-6)
March 1, 1865 - Skirmish at Holly Creek, GA.
March 1, 1865 - Brig. Gen. Douglas H. Cooper, CSA, assumes the command of the District of the Indian Territory.
March 1, 1865 - Federal expedition from Baton Rouge to Jackson and Clinton, LA, as the Yankees experience terrible weather, having to rebuild bridges across White's Bayou, Redwood and the Comite. The Rebels leave the impression they are about to abandon this area very soon; the local citizens are beginning to show a strong disposition to get on good terms with the Federal authorities. (Mar 1-12)
March 1, 1865 - Brig. Gen. Benjamin H. Grierson, USA, is assigned to the command of the Military Division of West Mississippi.
March 1, 1865 - Maj. Gen. Jacob D. Cox, USA, assumes the command of the District of Beaufort, SC.
March 1, 1865 - With Admiral Ulrich Dahlgren aboard, his flagship, the Harvest Moon, strikes a Confederate torpedo near Charleston Harbor, SC, and sinks.
March 1, 1865 - Skirmish at Wilson's Store, SC, as Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA, continues his March through the Carolinas.
March 1, 1865 - Skirmish near Philadelphia, TN, as Brig. Gen. Davis Tillson, USA, commends the Federal officer in charge for his resolve of taking no guerrillas as prisoners, all the enemy being killed today.
March 1, 1865 - Skirmish at Mount Crawford, VA, as Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan, USA, and Brig. Gen. Wesley Merritt, USA, Union Cavalry meet up with Lieut. Gen. Jubal Early, CSA.
March 1, 1865 - Wisconsin becomes the 16th state to ratify the 13th amendment which will abolish slavery, if passed.
March 1, 1867 - Nebraska becomes a state.
March 1, 1875 - Congress passes the Civil Rights Act of 1875.