Major Battles & Events of the American Civil War


Lieutenant General
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Apr 1, 1999
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Events of 1860

November 6, Abraham Lincoln elected president of the United States.​
December 20, South Carolina votes to secede from the Union.​

Events of 1861

January, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana secede from the Union.​
February, Texas secedes from the Union, A Confederate government is formed.​
March 4th, Abraham Lincoln Inaugurated as President of the United States.​
April 12, Beginning at 4:30am, Fort Sumter is bombarded by South Carolina troops under the command of General P.G.T. Beauregard.​
April 15, Lincoln calls for 75,000 volunteers to enlist for 3 months of service to put down the insurrection.​
April 17, Virginia secedes from the Union.​
May 6, Arkansas secedes from the Union.​
May 20, North Carolina secedes from the Union.​
June 8, Tennessee secedes from the Union.​
July 21, First Battle of Bull Run (First Manassas), the first major battle of the American Civil War, a Confederate Victory.​
Events of 1862

March 19, the Battle at Hampton Roads, including a clash between the first ironclad warships, the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia (also known as the Merrimac), a draw.
March - July, Peninsular Campaign, Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan's first offensive attempting to capture the Confederate Capital of Richmond, Virginia, a Confederate defensive victory forcing Union forces to withdraw​
April 6-7, The Battle of Shiloh (Battle of Pittsburg Landing) was fought in Tennessee, a Union Victory.​
June 25 to July 1, The Seven Days Battles near Richmond, Virginia, bringing a conclusion to the Peninsular Campaign, a Confederate Victory.​

Events of 1863

Events of 1864

Events of 1865

April 9, Robert E. Lee surrenders the Army of Northern Virginia to Grant at Appomattox.​
April 14, John Wilkes Booth shoots President Lincoln at Ford’s Theater.​
May 10, Jefferson Davis is captured and taken prisoner near Irwinville, Georgia.
May 12-13, Final Battle of the Civil War at Palmetto Ranch, Texas.