Longstreet planed to use artillery to soften up Fort Sanders at Knoxville Tennessee before he sent in the infantry. Longstreet changed his mind and launched a surprise attack. This surprise attack did not proceed as well as Longstreet wanted and in the end failed to capture Fort Sanders. If Longstreet had opted to use the artillery to soften up the fort, could of his attack have succeeded? Some historians feel that Longstreet did not properly plan the attack and it end up being repulsed with some damage to the Confederate forces. Should Longstreet as over all commander be held responsible for the failure of the Battle of Fort Sanders?