List of Civil War Units with a Significant Portion of "Ethnic Germans"

Ataxerxes

Private
Joined
Dec 2, 2017
Location
Queen City of the West
This thread is meant to compile and document a list of regiments which were "German" (although often in period accounts this includes Scandinavian, Polish, etc.), which had German companies, or otherwise had a significant number of ethnic "Germans". This is not intended for predominantly "Anglo" or USCT regiments which had a German commander.

The list is incomplete. There may be some on this list, especially from newspaper accounts, that never actually organized or didn't end up having enough ethnic soldiers to really be considered a German regiment. There will also be many "Irish" regiments on this list, as I have found multiple cases of one regiment having multiple companies of both German and Irish (e.g. 10th OH). If someone is willing to set up a sister thread on documented Irish regiments, that would be interesting to see as well.

Anyone is welcome to post below documented evidence, and the list will be updated. Thank you in advance for your interest and contribution.

Note: Regiments with "Kaufmann" are said to have been at least half-German, per Germans in the American Civil War.

US ARMY
ILLINOIS
Infantry:

- Chicago German Reserve Infantry Regiment (officers E. Prussing, C. Knobelsdorf, C. Buth): Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.), 17 May 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 9th (¾ German): Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.), 12 July 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 22nd (C, F; “A German Hurrah”)
- 24th (Hecker Regiment - at least 6 cos; pioneer and grenadier companies; Hungarians especially wanted)
- 25th: Kaufmann
- 36th: Kaufmann
- 43rd: Kaufmann
- 44th (3 cos): Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.), 01 Aug. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 45th: Kaufmann
- 57th: Kaufmann
- 58th: Kaufmann
- 82nd (“2nd Hecker Regiment”)

INDIANA
Infantry

- 11th (Indianapolis Turners): “A German Hurrah” pg. 74
- 24th: Kaufmann
- 32nd (2 cos from Cincinnati): The Evansville daily journal. (Evansville, Ia. [i.e. Ind.]), 22 Aug. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 136th: Kaufmann

KANSAS
Infantry

- 1st: Kaufmann
- 2nd: Kaufmann

KENTUCKY
Infantry

- 1st (Washington’s Skirmishers - Capt. Winewski?; did not finish organization): Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.), 09 May 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 2nd (A German Hurrah)
- 6th (3 cos - “A German Hurrah!”)
Cavalry
- 2nd: Kaufmann

MICHIGAN
Infantry

- 1st (Enough Germans in the regiment for the chaplain to perform one service in each language): The Lansing state Republican. (Lansing, Mich.), 26 June 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.

MINNESOTA
Infantry

- 1st: Kaufmann
- 2nd (Multiple Cos)
- 4th: Kaufmann
- 5th (Multiple Cos., “A German Hurrah!”)
- 6th: Kaufmann
Artillery
- 1st Minn Lt.: Kaufmann

MISSOURI
Infantry

- Scott Cty. Bttn., MO St. Home Guards (Cpt. Abbey - “German Union regiment”): The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 15 July 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 1st: Kaufmann
- 2nd (All, “A German Hurrah”)
- 3rd: Kaufmann
- 4th: Kaufmann
- 5th (Col. Solomon): Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.), 29 June 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 12th: Kaufmann
- 15th: Kaufmann
- 17th: Kaufmann
- 39th: Kaufmann
- 40th: Kaufmann
- 41st: Kaufmann
- 1st US Res: Kaufmann
- 2nd US Res: Kaufmann
- 3rd US Res: Kaufmann
- 4th US Res: Kaufmann
Artillery
- "Backhof's Battalion": Kaufmann
- 1st MO Lt: Kaufmann
- 2nd MO Lt: Kaufmann

NEBRASKA
Cavalry

- 1st: Kaufmann

NEW JERSEY
Infantry

- 2nd (Cpt. Albert Sigel “getting up a German rifle regiment”): Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.), 03 Aug. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
Artillery
- A, 1 NJ Lt: Kaufmann

NEW YORK
Infantry

- 5th (Col. Schwalulder/Schwarzwaelder?): Alexandria gazette. (Alexandria, D.C.), 06 May 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. Also: The national Republican. (Washington, D.C.), 13 May 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 6th (mentioned): The daily dispatch. (Richmond [Va.]), 11 May 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 7th (Steuben Guard)
- 8th (Blenker’s Rifles): Performs a Serenade/Zapfenstreich? - The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 22 May 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 11th (German Rifles - Ellsworth’s Zouaves): The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 27 May 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 20th (United Turner Rifles)
- 29th (von Steinwehr): The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 09 June 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 31st (“NY German Volunteers”): The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 08 June 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 39th (Garibaldi Guard - 3 German cos): The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 29 May 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 41st (de Kalb’s Zouaves)
- 45th (Fifth German Rifles): The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 15 Sept. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 46th (The Fremont Regiment): Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.), 16 July 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 52nd (“German Rangers” - 6 cos; “Sigel Rifles” - 4 cos; Col. Schoening, Lt. Col Kazinski): The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 31 July 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 54th (“Schwarze Yaeger”; “First Regiment German Black Sharpshooters”; “Barney Rifles” Hungarian): The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 20 July 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. Also: The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 02 Aug. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 58th (“Polish Legion”; “Morgan Rifles”): The national Republican. (Washington, D.C.), 03 Aug. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 68th (Second German Rifles): The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 20 July 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 103rd: Kaufmann
- 119th: Kaufmann
Artillery
- 1st Bttn, NY Lt (Brickel commanding): The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 06 Sept. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 1st (Wiedrich): Kaufmann
- 2nd (Schirmer): Kaufmann
- 8th Hvy (Formed from elements of the 8th and 29th NY and 27th PA): The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 24 July 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 13th (von Sturmfels): Kaufmann
Cavalry
- 1st: Kaufmann
- 3rd (Co C, German Hussars): https://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/us^cv3ny.html
- 4th: Kaufmann

OHIO
Infantry

- 5th (“Col. Dunning’s German Regiment” - 15th?): Cincinnati daily press. (Cincinnati [Ohio]), 01 May 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 7th (Co. K from the Cleveland Turnverein): https://clevelandhistorical.org/items/show/744
- 9th (“1st German”; all)
- 28th (“2nd German”): Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.), 27 July 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 37th (“3rd German”; one company from Toledo under Cpt. Louis von Blessing, one co from Sandusky under Cpt. Henry Rentsch; on co from Wyandot under Cpt. Magnus Blueher): Cleveland morning leader. (Cleveland [Ohio]), 07 Aug. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 47th: Kaufmann
- 58th: Kaufmann
- 74th: Kaufmann
- 106th ("4th German"):
- 107th ("5th German"):
- 108th ("6th German"):
Artillery
- 1st: Kaufmann
- 1st Lt: Kaufmann
- 4th: Kaufmann
- 5th Lt: Kaufmann
- 8th Lt: Kaufmann
- 20th Indpt: Kaufmann

PENNSYLVANIA
Infantry

- 21st: Kaufmann
- 24th: Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.), 19 June 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 26th: Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.), 24 July 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress
- 27th: Kaufmann
- 73rd: Kaufmann
- 74th: (“First German”; Reconstituted from the 35th PA)
- 75th: Kaufmann
- 98th (Col. John Ballier): Clearfield Republican. (Clearfield, Pa.), 28 Aug. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
(Also listed by Kaufmann as having a significant portion of Pennsylvania Dutch are: 4th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 14th, 15th, 16th, 48th, 50th, 51st, 56th, 65th, 79th, 88th, 96th, 114th)
Artillery
- 2nd Hvy: Kaufmann
Cavalry
- 12th: Kaufmann

WEST VIRGINIA
Infantry

- 1st (1 co): Daily intelligencer. (Wheeling, Va. [W. Va.]), 17 Sept. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.

WISCONSIN
Infantry

- "One regiment from 9-18": Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.), 23 Aug. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 9th (Col. Frederick Salomon): Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.), 24 Aug. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 15th (Norwegian/Scandinavian)
- 18th: Kaufmann
- 20th: Kaufmann
- 23rd: Kaufmann
- 26th: Kaufmann
- 27th: Kaufmann
- 34th: Kaufmann
- 35th: Kaufmann
- 45th: Kaufmann


CS ARMY
LOUISIANA
Infantry

- 3rd Regiment, 3rd Brigade, 1st Division Louisiana Militia, Co. C (Capt. F. Beuter): New Orleans daily crescent. ([New Orleans, La.]), 20 April 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 20th: http://www.revisionist.net/hysteria/heros.html

NORTH CAROLINA
Infantry

- 10th (1 co, German Volunteers): Semi-weekly standard. (Raleigh, N.C.), 19 June 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.

TENNESSEE
Infantry

- 1st (1 co): Nashville union and American. (Nashville, Tenn.), 18 Sept. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.

TEXAS
Infantry

- German Battalion of Galveston (600 men)??: New Orleans daily crescent. ([New Orleans, La.]), 16 Sept. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.




ADDITIONAL NOTES


In NY, there was a committee formed to determine the officer pool from which to select officers of German regiments, approved by a committee of 5 civilians and 4 officers.
See:
The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 17 Aug. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
Also:
The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 21 Aug. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
Also:
The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 25 Aug. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
 

Legion Para

Captain
Retired Moderator
Joined
Jul 12, 2015
Thanks for posting this information @Ataxerxes.
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There have been some excellent books published on ethnic German units.

93455b80e0f606c12eb446a04ba053fa--history-the-ojays.jpg
 
Last edited:
Joined
Jul 30, 2016
Location
berlin
(...)
- Chicago German Reserve Infantry Regiment (officers E. Prussing, C. Knobelsdorf, C. Buth): Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.), 17 May 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.

(...)

Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.

got a first name for that (von) knobelsdorf(f) dude? that family is famous in the prussian military

missing the second f could mean denobilitated or a part of the family that never was nobilitated or discarted with the von (if there was one) for the same reasons

for a german american (especially of prussian origin) recruit it probably meant something to have an officer by that name.
 

Ataxerxes

Private
Joined
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Location
Queen City of the West
got a first name for that (von) knobelsdorf(f) dude? that family is famous in the prussian military

missing the second f could mean denobilitated or a part of the family that never was nobilitated or discarted with the von (if there was one) for the same reasons

for a german american (especially of prussian origin) recruit it probably meant something to have an officer by that name.
That's an excellent observation and one I'll look out for in the future with other names too, thanks.

After looking it up on NPS, there is a Charles Knobelsdorff listed as the Colonel of the 44th IL. (Other Knobelsdorffs listed are Pvt Ernst J, 6th MN and Cpl Gustav, 3rd TX (CSA). There is also a Cpt Friedrich Wilhelm von Knobelsdorff listed from the 3rd NJ Cavalry.)

There isn't one listed in Illinois do it looks like they got the speling wrong, but for the Knobelsdorfs, there is a Lt Bernhardt listed in the 1st and 52nd NY and a Pvt Bernhard von Knobelsdorf who went out as a 2nd Lieutenant.

Now the question...is there anything to make of all that? (Other than the 44th IL Knobelsdorff and the other guy are probably the same)
 

mofederal

Captain
Joined
Jun 27, 2017
Location
Southeast Missouri
The 39th Missouri was heavily recruited in Northeast Missouri. There was not a large number of Germans up there, ethnic or otherwise. There were some, but a look at the rolls of the dead from Centralia, shows some German names, but calling the regiment that is wrong. A lot of the regiment was formed well above the Missouri River. It is a mixture of people from everywhere, but there are a lot of Scotch Irish and English names on the rosters. Of course some Germans.
 
Joined
Jul 30, 2016
Location
berlin
That's an excellent observation and one I'll look out for in the future with other names too, thanks.

After looking it up on NPS, there is a Charles Knobelsdorff listed as the Colonel of the 44th IL. (Other Knobelsdorffs listed are Pvt Ernst J, 6th MN and Cpl Gustav, 3rd TX (CSA). There is also a Cpt Friedrich Wilhelm von Knobelsdorff listed from the 3rd NJ Cavalry.)

There isn't one listed in Illinois do it looks like they got the speling wrong, but for the Knobelsdorfs, there is a Lt Bernhardt listed in the 1st and 52nd NY and a Pvt Bernhard von Knobelsdorf who went out as a 2nd Lieutenant.

Now the question...is there anything to make of all that? (Other than the 44th IL Knobelsdorff and the other guy are probably the same)

i'll check that later but don`t forget there is also the dude on ellis island who needs to write it down :D
 

Ataxerxes

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Joined
Dec 2, 2017
Location
Queen City of the West
The 39th Missouri was heavily recruited in Northeast Missouri. There was not a large number of Germans up there, ethnic or otherwise. There were some, but a look at the rolls of the dead from Centralia, shows some German names, but calling the regiment that is wrong. A lot of the regiment was formed well above the Missouri River. It is a mixture of people from everywhere, but there are a lot of Scotch Irish and English names on the rosters. Of course some Germans.
My knowledge of just about anything Missouri related is close to nil, so I’d defer to you. If you could provide some supporting evidence, all the better. This list is definitely intended to be a living document, so to speak. The topic is studied so little that after 125 years Kaufmann is still the authority, but now with the power of the intertubes he is only a starting point.

All that is said about the 39th in the English translation is “Missouri regiments which were primarily German were the 39th, Colonel Kutzner”. At the beginning of the chapter he defines a German regiment as being half or greater. The rest are leads from other sources. Again, it’s more of a starting point to an important and overlooked topic.
 

treebie2000

Corporal
Joined
Jul 19, 2018
Location
Lima, OH
This thread is meant to compile and document a list of regiments which were "German" (although often in period accounts this includes Scandinavian, Polish, etc.), which had German companies, or otherwise had a significant number of ethnic "Germans". This is not intended for predominantly "Anglo" or USCT regiments which had a German commander.

The list is incomplete. There may be some on this list, especially from newspaper accounts, that never actually organized or didn't end up having enough ethnic soldiers to really be considered a German regiment. There will also be many "Irish" regiments on this list, as I have found multiple cases of one regiment having multiple companies of both German and Irish (e.g. 10th OH). If someone is willing to set up a sister thread on documented Irish regiments, that would be interesting to see as well.

Anyone is welcome to post below documented evidence, and the list will be updated. Thank you in advance for your interest and contribution.

Note: Regiments with "Kaufmann" are said to have been at least half-German, per Germans in the American Civil War.

US ARMY
ILLINOIS
Infantry:

- Chicago German Reserve Infantry Regiment (officers E. Prussing, C. Knobelsdorf, C. Buth): Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.), 17 May 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 9th (¾ German): Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.), 12 July 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 22nd (C, F; “A German Hurrah”)
- 24th (Hecker Regiment - at least 6 cos; pioneer and grenadier companies; Hungarians especially wanted)
- 25th: Kaufmann
- 36th: Kaufmann
- 43rd: Kaufmann
- 44th (3 cos): Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.), 01 Aug. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 45th: Kaufmann
- 57th: Kaufmann
- 58th: Kaufmann
- 82nd (“2nd Hecker Regiment”)

INDIANA
Infantry

- 11th (Indianapolis Turners): “A German Hurrah” pg. 74
- 24th: Kaufmann
- 32nd (2 cos from Cincinnati): The Evansville daily journal. (Evansville, Ia. [i.e. Ind.]), 22 Aug. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 136th: Kaufmann

KANSAS
Infantry

- 1st: Kaufmann
- 2nd: Kaufmann

KENTUCKY
Infantry

- 1st (Washington’s Skirmishers - Capt. Winewski?; did not finish organization): Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.), 09 May 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 2nd (A German Hurrah)
- 6th (3 cos - “A German Hurrah!”)
Cavalry
- 2nd: Kaufmann

MICHIGAN
Infantry

- 1st (Enough Germans in the regiment for the chaplain to perform one service in each language): The Lansing state Republican. (Lansing, Mich.), 26 June 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.

MINNESOTA
Infantry

- 1st: Kaufmann
- 2nd (Multiple Cos)
- 4th: Kaufmann
- 5th (Multiple Cos., “A German Hurrah!”)
- 6th: Kaufmann
Artillery
- 1st Minn Lt.: Kaufmann

MISSOURI
Infantry

- Scott Cty. Bttn., MO St. Home Guards (Cpt. Abbey - “German Union regiment”): The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 15 July 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 1st: Kaufmann
- 2nd (All, “A German Hurrah”)
- 3rd: Kaufmann
- 4th: Kaufmann
- 5th (Col. Solomon): Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.), 29 June 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 12th: Kaufmann
- 15th: Kaufmann
- 17th: Kaufmann
- 39th: Kaufmann
- 40th: Kaufmann
- 41st: Kaufmann
- 1st US Res: Kaufmann
- 2nd US Res: Kaufmann
- 3rd US Res: Kaufmann
- 4th US Res: Kaufmann
Artillery
- "Backhof's Battalion": Kaufmann
- 1st MO Lt: Kaufmann
- 2nd MO Lt: Kaufmann

NEBRASKA
Cavalry

- 1st: Kaufmann

NEW JERSEY
Infantry

- 2nd (Cpt. Albert Sigel “getting up a German rifle regiment”): Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.), 03 Aug. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
Artillery
- A, 1 NJ Lt: Kaufmann

NEW YORK
Infantry

- 5th (Col. Schwalulder/Schwarzwaelder?): Alexandria gazette. (Alexandria, D.C.), 06 May 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. Also: The national Republican. (Washington, D.C.), 13 May 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 6th (mentioned): The daily dispatch. (Richmond [Va.]), 11 May 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 7th (Steuben Guard)
- 8th (Blenker’s Rifles): Performs a Serenade/Zapfenstreich? - The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 22 May 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 11th (German Rifles - Ellsworth’s Zouaves): The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 27 May 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 20th (United Turner Rifles)
- 29th (von Steinwehr): The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 09 June 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 31st (“NY German Volunteers”): The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 08 June 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 39th (Garibaldi Guard - 3 German cos): The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 29 May 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 41st (de Kalb’s Zouaves)
- 45th (Fifth German Rifles): The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 15 Sept. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 46th (The Fremont Regiment): Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.), 16 July 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 52nd (“German Rangers” - 6 cos; “Sigel Rifles” - 4 cos; Col. Schoening, Lt. Col Kazinski): The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 31 July 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 54th (“Schwarze Yaeger”; “First Regiment German Black Sharpshooters”; “Barney Rifles” Hungarian): The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 20 July 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. Also: The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 02 Aug. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 58th (“Polish Legion”; “Morgan Rifles”): The national Republican. (Washington, D.C.), 03 Aug. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 68th (Second German Rifles): The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 20 July 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 103rd: Kaufmann
- 119th: Kaufmann
Artillery
- 1st Bttn, NY Lt (Brickel commanding): The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 06 Sept. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 1st (Wiedrich): Kaufmann
- 2nd (Schirmer): Kaufmann
- 8th Hvy (Formed from elements of the 8th and 29th NY and 27th PA): The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 24 July 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 13th (von Sturmfels): Kaufmann
Cavalry
- 1st: Kaufmann
- 3rd (Co C, German Hussars): https://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/us^cv3ny.html
- 4th: Kaufmann

OHIO
Infantry

- 5th (“Col. Dunning’s German Regiment” - 15th?): Cincinnati daily press. (Cincinnati [Ohio]), 01 May 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 7th (Co. K from the Cleveland Turnverein): https://clevelandhistorical.org/items/show/744
- 9th (“1st German”; all)
- 28th (“2nd German”): Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.), 27 July 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 37th (“3rd German”; one company from Toledo under Cpt. Louis von Blessing, one co from Sandusky under Cpt. Henry Rentsch; on co from Wyandot under Cpt. Magnus Blueher): Cleveland morning leader. (Cleveland [Ohio]), 07 Aug. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 47th: Kaufmann
- 58th: Kaufmann
- 74th: Kaufmann
- 106th ("4th German"):
- 107th ("5th German"):
- 108th ("6th German"):
Artillery
- 1st: Kaufmann
- 1st Lt: Kaufmann
- 4th: Kaufmann
- 5th Lt: Kaufmann
- 8th Lt: Kaufmann
- 20th Indpt: Kaufmann

PENNSYLVANIA
Infantry

- 21st: Kaufmann
- 24th: Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.), 19 June 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 26th: Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.), 24 July 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress
- 27th: Kaufmann
- 73rd: Kaufmann
- 74th: (“First German”; Reconstituted from the 35th PA)
- 75th: Kaufmann
- 98th (Col. John Ballier): Clearfield Republican. (Clearfield, Pa.), 28 Aug. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
(Also listed by Kaufmann as having a significant portion of Pennsylvania Dutch are: 4th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 14th, 15th, 16th, 48th, 50th, 51st, 56th, 65th, 79th, 88th, 96th, 114th)
Artillery
- 2nd Hvy: Kaufmann
Cavalry
- 12th: Kaufmann

WEST VIRGINIA
Infantry

- 1st (1 co): Daily intelligencer. (Wheeling, Va. [W. Va.]), 17 Sept. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.

WISCONSIN
Infantry

- "One regiment from 9-18": Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.), 23 Aug. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 9th (Col. Frederick Salomon): Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.), 24 Aug. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 15th (Norwegian/Scandinavian)
- 18th: Kaufmann
- 20th: Kaufmann
- 23rd: Kaufmann
- 26th: Kaufmann
- 27th: Kaufmann
- 34th: Kaufmann
- 35th: Kaufmann
- 45th: Kaufmann


CS ARMY
LOUISIANA
Infantry

- 3rd Regiment, 3rd Brigade, 1st Division Louisiana Militia, Co. C (Capt. F. Beuter): New Orleans daily crescent. ([New Orleans, La.]), 20 April 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- 20th: http://www.revisionist.net/hysteria/heros.html

NORTH CAROLINA
Infantry

- 10th (1 co, German Volunteers): Semi-weekly standard. (Raleigh, N.C.), 19 June 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.

TENNESSEE
Infantry

- 1st (1 co): Nashville union and American. (Nashville, Tenn.), 18 Sept. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.

TEXAS
Infantry

- German Battalion of Galveston (600 men)??: New Orleans daily crescent. ([New Orleans, La.]), 16 Sept. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.




ADDITIONAL NOTES


In NY, there was a committee formed to determine the officer pool from which to select officers of German regiments, approved by a committee of 5 civilians and 4 officers.
See:
The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 17 Aug. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
Also:
The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 21 Aug. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
Also:
The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]), 25 Aug. 1861. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.


https://www.newspapers.com/clip/14679782/organization_of_the_37th_ovi/
I noticed that under the 37th OVI listing above, some of the companies are credited to their hometowns.
I have one addition (doesn't mean much I guess, but it has always been important to me).
Co. C of the 37th Ohio Volunteer Infantry was recruited almost exclusively in Auglaize County Ohio. Nearly all of the members of Co. C had been 90 day men prior to re-upping for 3 years. They re-upped en masse again in '64 to finish the war out, thus gaining the OVVI designation. As a descendent of a couple of these guys, I am extremely proud of their 3 separate commitments to preserve the Union. I know that at least 83 of the men in Company C were from the small town of New Bremen Ohio, and the farms surrounding it. The article cited above says that CPT Hipps was from St. Marys, Ohio (and he was), but the bulk of the soldiers he led were from New Bremen.

Not trying to be picky, but this is pretty near and dear to my heart. Thanks for the post!
 

Ataxerxes

Private
Joined
Dec 2, 2017
Location
Queen City of the West
https://www.newspapers.com/clip/14679782/organization_of_the_37th_ovi/
I noticed that under the 37th OVI listing above, some of the companies are credited to their hometowns.
I have one addition (doesn't mean much I guess, but it has always been important to me).
Co. C of the 37th Ohio Volunteer Infantry was recruited almost exclusively in Auglaize County Ohio. Nearly all of the members of Co. C had been 90 day men prior to re-upping for 3 years. They re-upped en masse again in '64 to finish the war out, thus gaining the OVVI designation. As a descendent of a couple of these guys, I am extremely proud of their 3 separate commitments to preserve the Union. I know that at least 83 of the men in Company C were from the small town of New Bremen Ohio, and the farms surrounding it. The article cited above says that CPT Hipps was from St. Marys, Ohio (and he was), but the bulk of the soldiers he led were from New Bremen.

Not trying to be picky, but this is pretty near and dear to my heart. Thanks for the post!
Excellent, thanks for the add, I appreciate it!
 

M2HA

Private
Joined
May 16, 2019
Location
Boonville, Missouri
Company A and B of the Boonville Battalion Regiment of the Reserce Corps
of the Army of the United States; Major Joseph A. Eppstein, commanding.

There were around 150 of these men. Some local histories have stated all were German, but I am aware of one Irishman and one Frenchman in the ranks. Otherwise, the bulk were German.

They were organized by General Nathaniel Lyon in the weeks following the First Battle of Boonville and in September 1861 they stood against 600-800 Missouri State Guardsmen and defeated them at Second Boonville.
 

AUG

Major
Retired Moderator
Joined
Nov 20, 2012
Location
Texas
Companies B, H and K of the 3rd Texas Infantry were German, and there were other men spread throughout the rest of the regiment. A number of German companies were also recruited from New Braunfels and elsewhere in central Texas.

The 20th Louisiana Infantry also largely consisted of Germans, as described here:
https://civilwartalk.com/threads/20th-louisiana-infantry-reichards-zinkens.152452/#post-1989235

Another that comes to mind is the German Volunteers/German Artillery from Charleston, SC. First organized as an infantry company, it joined the Hampton Legion as Co. H of the infantry battalion but was soon after converted to an artillery battery.
 

major bill

Brev. Brig. Gen'l
Forum Host
Joined
Aug 25, 2012
Prior to the start of the Civil War companies of "Germans" were common in the Michigan Uniformed Militia and in numbers that exceeded their percent of the population of Michigan. When Michigan used the Michigan Uniformed Militia was as the basis of the first 4 Michigan Volunteer regiments.

Three of the companies of the 1st Michigan Three Month volunteer infantry Regiment: The Steuben Guard (Ann Arbor, Washtenaw County) became Company E of the 1st Michigan Three Month Volunteer Infantry Regiment. All company members were reportedly of being of German heritage. The Michigan Hussars a.k.a. Michigan Huzzars a.k.a. Detroit Hussars, a.k.a. the Hussars (Detroit, Wayne County) as infantry, they became Company F of the 1st Michigan Three Month Volunteer Infantry Regiment. The Marshall Light Guard (Marshall, Calhoun County) became Company I of the 1st Michigan Three Month Volunteer Infantry Regiment. They originally organized in May or June of 1858 under Horace Philips and soon became inactive or disband. They reformed in July of 1859 under Captain Pittiser and at that time were then considered a German company.

Some of the other pre War Michigan Uniform Militia "German" companies joined other Michigan regiment. The Scott Guard (Detroit, Wayne County) was a small two company battalion of an infantry company and an artillery company. The infantry company was given the honor of being Company A of the 2nd Michigan Infantry Regiment. The artillery company stayed in Detroit became part of the Michigan active guard which guarded the Canadian border. The Williams’ German Light Artillery, a.k.a. Company c, Williams’ Battalion a.The Williams’ Light Infantry (Lansing, Ingham County) was created in 1861 when The Williams’ German Light Artillery reformed as an infantry company. The new infantry company joined the 16th Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment.

I am not sure if this counts but Battery K, 1st Michigan Light Artillery Regiment a.k.a. Scuuetz’s Battery, a.k.a. the Germany Battery was organized at Grand Rapids Michigan on November 21 1862. Captain John C. Schuetz.

Some German militia companies never joined a regiment going off to war and probably disappeared as their members joined companies accepted for a regiment going off to the war: The German Rifles a.k.a. Grand Rapids Rifles a.k.a. the German Military Company (Grand Rapids, Kent County). The Saginaw City Guard (Saginaw City now known as Saginaw, Saginaw
County)
was formed in 1860 or earlier. They were part of the pre-war Michigan Uniformed Militia. They were considered a German unit. The Turner Volunteers a.k.a. German Turner Company (Detroit).
 
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