When the Civil War broke out Kentucky was a slave state but her legislature was almost equally divided. Some historians believe had the state held a secession convention in April of 1861 Kentucky may have left the Union. The Kentucky House voted 69 to 26 to remain neutral. By summer this had changed and the pro-Unionist won big on the June 20 1861 Congressional election. On August 5 1861 the Unionist showed their strength when they won 76 of the 100 seats in the House and 27 to 11 in the Senate. Many historians feel that Kentucky would have voted to leave the Union if a vote would have occurred in April of 1861. It this based on good information? If the historians are correct than within a couple of months Kentuckians must have changed their views. The move from Kentucky being for secession, to neutrality, to pro Union, was a huge blow to the Confederacy. Kentucky would have increased the chances for a Confederate victory.