The New York Herald, March 1, 1859
Below: Most of front page for this day was plastered with news of ol’ Dan Sickles’s murder of Phillip Keys. Keys was son of Francis Scott Keys and nephew of Justice Taney. Sickles would lose a leg at Gettysburg 4 years later.
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These pleas for more justice for slaveowners seem so insane to us, don't they?The Yazoo Democrat, July 2, 1859
D.C. Glenn speech continued.
In the final parts of his speech, Glenn touches on the monopoly older Southern states have on the interstate trade of slaves over the younger Southern States like Texas and Arkansas. Texas, in particular, is in need of “hundreds of thousands of slaves but is unable to pay the prices charged in the other states.”
According to Glenn, it is unjust that Texas is forced to pay high prices to the older states for slave labor. Repeal of the African Slave Trade would, evidently, help to correct this.
However, it appears that the illegal transportation of slaves into the US was alive and well - at least according to Glenn. This view seems in agreement with Wikipedia, wherein it is stated that America continued to engage in the practice. It is stated that 1/3 of all slave ships during this time were either owned by American merchants or were outfitted in American ports during this time. There seemed to be little enforcement of the law. Wikipedia cites newspaper accounts that assert that at least 7 slave ships were “regularly fitted out in New York, and many more in all the larger ports.”
Apparently the Trade continued in great numbers despite the laws and penalties of death as well. (According to Wiki, The death penalty for violation of the law had never been carried out - at least up until the time of Glenn’s speech).
Nevertheless, Glenn (in arguing that Africans arriving in America are found to be in perfect health) not only asserts that Africans are better off for being brought to America, for they prefer this country to Africa, but also
encourages his listeners to travel to New Orleans to inspect for themselves the conditions of “the newly imported blacks.”
Evidently, although smuggling of Africans into the South continued, it was not enough to increase supply and effectively lower the costs, allowing older Southern States continued enjoyment of higher prices for their slaves now needed in the lower South and in Texas.
Evident also in all this is Glenn’s belief that the continued high prices of slaves would ultimately threaten the institution and bring about abolition in the long run. As he states, such high prices will cause Texas to become “careless as to the perpetuity of the institution.”
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Just out of my own curiosity, I’ve decided to use Chronicling America to read the front page of two newspapers -one north and one south- for the first of each of the months between 1859-1860. I am just curious to see what national/international issues they were discussing during the run up to War.
For no particular reason, other than I wanted the Southern Newspaper to be from my home state, I chose the Yazoo Democrat (Mississippi) and the New York Herald to compare.
It will probably take me a while as I’ll only do this when I have time. But as I alluded to, I’m only going to read the front page of each paper and limit the ones I do read to the editions published on the first of each month.
So, anyway, I’m gonna give it a try.
Thanks for reading, @ForeverFree! My goal is to report the articles as they come to me in each issue while trying my best to understand those articles within their context. A few in fact mention tarrifs and taxes. Nevertheless, I have a long way to go but do appreciate you reading them and also welcome any and all comments related to the content of individual articles so posted.Almost all of the articles cited involve slavery and race in some part. For example, the acquisition of Cuba is tied to the notion of having an additional slave state in the Union.
Are there articles involving tariffs or taxes or the like on the front page? I think you see what I'm getting at...
The Yazoo Democrat, June, 1859
Below: Article outlining grievances of South. Warning the North that talks of disunion are not idle braggadocio. Fears North is unaware of reality of disunion.
This articles does not mention Slavery by name. It Uses term “Northern Agression,” and cites Tarrifs; references 10th Amendment and unequal treatment in Territories as basis of grievances.
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