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Jeff Davis was blind in his left eye

Discussion in 'Other Notable Biographies' started by Bonny Blue Flag, Apr 6, 2012.

  1. Bonny Blue Flag

    Bonny Blue Flag 1st Lieutenant

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    Davis fought health problems for a good part of his life, including a nearly fatal bout with malaria in 1836. He was seriously ill again in the winter of 1857-1858, and by February he began suffering from a relapse of a chronic inflammation of his left eye. The disease was so bad that a visiting ophthalmologist commented “I do not see why this eye has not burst.” As a result, most photos of Davis are in right profile, thus hiding his left eye

    The eye disease can be traced back to his first bout with malaria. About a dozen years later, during a relapse, Davis suffered a “severe eye attack” such that, in the words of his wife Varina, he could not “bear a ray of light on either eye.” Documents show that the disease recurred almost annually from that time and through the Civil War

    In a severe relapse in 1858, Davis was seen by two famous eye physicians of the time – Drs. Robert Stone and Isaac Hayes. Stone described the condition of Davis’s left eye in detail, including “ulceration of the cornea,” “abscess of the eye,” and “hypopyon” (a collection of pus cells in the aqueous humor). It was Hayes who commented that he couldn’t see why Davis’s eye had not already burst. Davis was given treatments of the day, including “quiet” and bandages soaked in herbal remedies; he also underwent eye surgeries in 1859 and 1860.

    Davis was unquestionably suffering from another siege of metaherpetic keratoiritis (inflammation of the cornea due to structural damage to the cornea) in 1858. The cold and fever that had gripped him, as well as the intense stress over Kansas, could easliy have contributed to the timing of the new assault on his left eye.

    Dr. Stone's clinical notes specifically talk about ulceration of the cornea. His description indicates a ruptured healing descemetococle (hernia of the cornea) filled with iris tissue and a threatened abcess of the eyeball, as well as a possible hypopyon, an accumulation of pus in the anteriorr chamber of the eye.

    Describing Davis upon his return to the Senate in 1857, a reporter underscored how raving his illness had been: "a pale ghastly-looking figure, his eye bandaged with strips of white linen passing over the head, his whole aspect presenting an appearace of feebleness and debility."

    As a film covered the left eye, he could see only light and darkness but could no longer distinguish objects. Contemporaries used various terms when they mentioned the eye. A close friend mentioned "clouded"; another observer called it "discolored"; even the word "blind" was used. In photographs taken in 1859 and 1860, Davis did not look diretly at the camera. Instead, he presented a profile which emphasized his right side and hid his left side and his damaged eye.

    While imprisoned, Mr. Davis reffered very kindly, and in terms of admiration, to his former friend and medical attendant, Dr. Thomas miller , of Washington. Also to Dr. Stone of Washington, who had made a specialty of the eye and its diseases. From him he had received clearer ideas of the power of vision, and the adaptation of the eye to various distanes and degrees oflight, than from any other source. Referring to his own loss of sight in one eye from leucoma (a white, opaque scar of the cornea), or an ulceration of the cornia, he asid he could discern ligh with it, but could not distinguish objects.

    Although Davis never again experienced eye disease that remotely resemble the seriousness of the 1858 attack and the 1859 surgery, they left their marks. He turned to eyeglasses, with evidently some temporary help. As time passed, however, the degenerative ocular process connected with his affliction continued, and in all probablity phthisisvalbi (shrunken, non-functioning eye) set in.

    In 2006, Dr. R. W. Hertle, a prominent opthamologist at Children's Hospital in Pittsburg concluded that Davis suffered from “herpes simplex keratouveitis,” (herpes simplex of the eye) a condition that remains a major cause of injury to the eye.
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    Source:
    www.civilwarmed.blogspot.com
    "Turning a Blind Eye = Civil War Medicine (and Writing)

    www.books.google.com
    "Jefferson Davis, American - Google Books Result

    www.books.google.com
    "Fiction distoring fact: : The prison life, annotated by Jefferson Davis"

    www.genealogytrails.com
    "Benjamin Franklin History"

    www.thefreedictionary.com
    "Leucoma - definition of leucoma by the free online dictionary"

    www.medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com
    "Metaherpetic keratits - ddefinition of metaherpectic keratitis in the..."

    www.eyesite.ca
    "Persistant pupillary dilation in herpes simplex uveitis"
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    --BBF
     

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  3. Nathanb1

    Nathanb1 Brev. Brig. Gen'l Forum Host Retired Moderator

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    Excellent, Bonny! I knew he had terrible problems with it--but not exactly what caused it or how terribly he suffered. Thank you for putting this together and posting!
     
  4. Baggage Handler #2

    Baggage Handler #2 2nd Lieutenant

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    I may have used the term "one-eyed polemicist" here before.

    Will try not to in his case.
     
  5. diane

    diane Brev. Brig. Gen'l Forum Host

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    Poor ol' Jeff - that hurts just reading about it! Sure seemed to be a lot of eye problems in that day. Jackson had an infection of the fluid of the eyeballs - both eyes - and was for some time just about like Davis. His sight remained very poor, though, but he didn't go blind.
     
  6. Hannah

    Hannah 2nd Lieutenant

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    Interesting information. Thanks for sharing!
     
  7. Bonny Blue Flag

    Bonny Blue Flag 1st Lieutenant

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    Eye surgery back during the mid-19th century! That would have been amazing to watch.

    Davis was lucky that he didnt contract an infection in his eye from/after the surgery.

    Surgery in a doc's office or a proper surgical theatre had more than likely better outcomes for the patient that the surgeries done in the field on the soldiers.

    --BBF
     
  8. DanF

    DanF Captain

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    So now we know why Davis thought his views were right.

    :smile:
     
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  9. Nathanb1

    Nathanb1 Brev. Brig. Gen'l Forum Host Retired Moderator

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    It does help explain Bragg, doesn't it?
     
  10. DanF

    DanF Captain

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    I'm not sure anything explains Bragg.

    :D
     
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  11. RobertP

    RobertP Major

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    Of course we all know the state of medicine in those days. Here's another family story about eye problems before the CW. My g-Grandfather Fox, from Slate Springs, Miss., contracted a severe case of pink eye in the 1850's and went to N.O.L.A. for treatment. The physician used sulphur, which blinded him. He continued to farm, and his horse was trained to walk him around the fields daily just as he did before. Early in the war he lost a son at Shiloh and in '63 he and his family was in Grierson's path. The raiders demanded his fine horse and despite the pleadings of the family not to take it, did anyway. That was not forgotten for several generations. They hated Yankees.

    BTW, one of his grandsons was MG Fox Connor, Pershing's G3 in WWI, and later Eisenhower's mentor.
     
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  12. Nolan

    Nolan Corporal

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    I remember when touring the Confederate White House in Richmond, they mentioned that he would receive mercury drops in his eye as a medical treatment! I'm sure that it didn't exactly help his case.....
     
  13. Bonny Blue Flag

    Bonny Blue Flag 1st Lieutenant

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    Well, they didnt know any better.

    Thank goodness we do!

    --BBF
     
  14. Union_Buff

    Union_Buff Captain

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    Thanks for this very interesting piece of information Bonny! :D
     
  15. M E Wolf

    M E Wolf Colonel Retired Moderator

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    Thank you Bonny Blue Flag ma'am!
     
  16. donna

    donna Brev. Brig. Gen'l Forum Host

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    Bonny Thanks for this post. Very interesting information on Jefferson Davis.
     

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