January 3 In Civil War History

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This date in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag

January 3, 1823 - Stephen F. Austin receives a grant of land in Texas from the government of Mexico.

January 3, 1853 - Solomon Northup is freed after 7 illegal years in slavery with aid of Washington Hunt, Governor of New York.

January 3, 1861 - The Delaware legislature rejects proposal to join Confederacy.

January 3, 1861 - Georgia militia under the command of Francis "Frank" Bartow seize Fort Pulaski, at the mouth of the Savannah River, from a single federal soldier and a contractor.

January 3, 1861 - The War Department overturns the former Secretary of War, John Buchanan Floyd's orders to remove weapons from many US Arsenals, which could fall into the hands of the Southern States Governments.

January 3, 1862 - Skirmish at Hunnewell, MO.

January 3, 1862 - Federal reconnaissance from Camp Hamilton to Big Bethel, VA, and the occupation of the town by the Federal troops.

January 3, 1862 - Skirmishes at Bath, (Berkeley Springs) WV, with Maj. Gen. "Stonewall" Jackson, CSA, arriving from Winchester, VA, in an attempt to destroy dams along the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, as well as the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, on his way to Romney, WV. (referred to as the Romney Campaign). (Jan 3-4)

January 3, 1862 - The descent upon and skirmish at Huntersville, WV, with Brig. Gen. Edward Johnson, CSA.

January 3, 1863 - Affairs at Plaquemine, LA. (Dec 31-Jan 3)

January 3, 1863 - Skirmish at Burnsville, MS, as Gen. Braxton Bragg, CSA, retreats from Murfreesboro, toward Manchester and Tullahoma, leaving Maj. Gen. William S. Rosecrans, USA, in command of the battlefield, at Murfreesboro, TN.

January 3, 1863 - Skirmish near Clifton, TN, with Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest, CSA.

January 3, 1863 - Skirmish at the Insane Asylum, or Cox's Hill, or Blood's, TN.

January 3, 1863 - Action at Somerville, TN.

January 3, 1863 - The Federal Dept. of the East is re-established, VA.

January 3, 1863 - Skirmish at Moorefield, WV, with the Confederate attack repulsed.

January 3, 1864 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.

January 3, 1864 - Federal scout from Memphis, TN, toward Hernando, MS, where it is determined the Confederates, under Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest, CSA, are scattered over the countryside, from Coldwater to Senatobia, so as to obtain forage for the men and their horses.

January 3, 1864 - Maj. Gen. Francis J. Herron, USA, assumes the command of the Union forces on the Rio Grande, TX.

January 3, 1864 - Action at Jonesville, VA, where Brig. Gen. Orlando B. Wilcox, USA, is attacked and routed by Brig. Gen. William. E. "Grumble" Jones, CSA, and his cavalry; Jones capturing 383 Federals, 3 pieces of artillery and 27 6-mule wagons, etc.

January 3, 1864 - Federal reconnaissance from Charlestown, WV, to Winchester, VA, by way of Berryville, and skirmish, forcing Brig. Gen. John D. Imboden, CSA, to skedaddle.

January 3, 1864 - Confederate operations in Hampshire and Hardy Counties, WV, as Maj. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee, CSA, and his Cavalry captured a train of 40 wagons with 6 mules and horses to each wagon, loaded principally with artillery ammunition and hides, and 250 head of cattle, losing 120 during the night as they came over the mountains. The train belonged to Brig. Gen. Benjamin F. Kelley, USA, commanding the Dept. of West Virginia. The weather being extremely cold that it appears one Confederate's feet are so frozen the surgeon believes his feet will have to be amputated.

January 3, 1865 - Skirmish near Mechanicsburg, MS, with Union forces under Brig. Gen. Benjamin H. Grierson, on the Mobile and Ohio Railroad line.

January 3, 1865 - The Federal expedition to and the capture of Fort Fisher, NC, and its dependencies. (Jan 3-17)

January 3, 1865 - Skirmish near Hardeeville, SC.

January 3, 1865 - The larger portion of the Army of the Tennessee, under Maj. Gen. Oliver O. Howard, USA, is transferred from Savannah, GA, to Beaufort, SC, as Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA, prepares to move north and invade South Carolina. (Jan 3-17)

January 3, 1916 - Grenville M. Dodge, American Civil War Union Army Major General dies in Council Bluffs, Iowa. (b. 1831)
 

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BlueandGrayl

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And the day in 1823 that Stephen F. Austin got a land grant from Mexico for land in Texas it kickstarted not only the Texas Revolution but also the annexation of the Republic of Texas into the United States and started the Mexican-American War ending in an American victory and causing tension in 1849-1850 that almost led Texas to send its troops to New Mexico and thus causing an earlier civil war between North and South which was only stopped by the machinations of Stephen A. Douglas and Northern and Southern moderates passing the Compromise of 1850 between August and September. Not to mention that the said event of Texas annexation also led to sectional tension rising again and eventually the actual Civil War in 1861.

One single event involving a Southerner gaining a land grant from the Mexican government to settle Texas along with Anglos made a big difference in America and Manifest Destiny.
 
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