On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
January 20, 1812 - Ralph Pomeroy Buckland, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born Leyden, Massachusetts (d. 1892)
January 20, 1813 - Jacob Gartner Lauman, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Taneytown, Maryland (d. 1867)
January 20, 1815 - James Madison vetoes the second act creating the Second Bank of the United States.
January 20, 1861 - Fort Massachusetts, Ship Island, at the mouth of the Mississippi River, Gulf of Mexico, is seized by the Mississippi state troops, a key refueling point for Union vessels and key in the defense of New Orleans, LA.
January 20, 1862 - Contest over the British schooner Andracita, formerly the J.W. Wilder, off the coast of Alabama, with the Federals capturing this blockade runner.
January 20, 1862 - Operations in and about Atchison, KS, with Capt. Irving W. Fuller, 1st MO Cavalry. (Jan 20-24)
January 20, 1862 - A second stone fleet is sunk at the entrance to Charleston Harbor, SC, by the Federals in an attempt to prevent Confederate blockade runners for using the harbor.
January 20, 1862 - General Felix Zollicoffer, CSA, killed after mistakenly riding into Union lines.
January 20, 1863 - January 22, 1863 - Ambrose Burnside searches for another crossing of the Rappahannock. This is known as the "Mud March".
January 20, 1863 - Joseph Wheeler, C.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.
January 20, 1863 - The following are appointed Confederate Brigadier Generals:
Frank Crawford Armstrong, CSA
William Lewis Cabell, CSA
George Blake Cosby, CSA
Marcellus Augustus Stovall, CSA
January 20, 1863 - Patterson, MO, is captured by Brig. Gen. John Marmaduke, CSA.
January 20, 1863 - Maj. Gen. David Hunter, USA, resumes the command of the Dept. of the South, SC.
January 20, 1864 - Abraham Lincoln instructs Arkansas commander General Frederick Steele to permit elections following the proposed anti-slavery constitution of the state.
January 20, 1864 - Nathaniel Harrison Harris, CS A, is appointed Brig. Gen.
January 20, 1864 - Clement Hoffman Stevens, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
January 20, 1864 - Federal naval reconnaissance of Forts Morgan and Gaines, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, AL.
January 20, 1864 - Skirmish at Island No. 76, Mississippi River.
January 20, 1864 - Operations in the District of North Carolina, as Federals under Brig. Gen. Innis Palmer, USA, commanding the Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina leave Plymouth, NC, to capture and destroy Rebel property; the expedition is highly successful, with over 150,000 pounds of pork, plus salt, sugar, etc. destroyed. (Jan 20-29)
January 20, 1864 - Skirmish at Tracy City, TN, as Confederate cavalry arrive at Altamont, 2 dressed in Union uniform, call a Union captain out of the house he was in, and shoot and kill him when he comes out. They proceed to Tracy City where they overrun the Federals there and shoot another Union captain through the lung after he threw his weapon down, capturing and paroling other Union soldiers in the process.
January 20, 1865 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.
January 20, 1865 - William McComb, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
January 20, 1865 - The Territory of Arizona is re-annexed to the Dept. of the Pacific.
January 20, 1865 - Skirmish near Fort Larned, KS, as the Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians attack the sutler wagon train destined for Fort Lyon. The Yankee escort repels the Indian attacks, but the train returns back to Fort Larned, with casualties on both sides.
January 20, 1865 - Skirmish at the Point of Rocks or the Nine-Mile Ridge, KS.
January 20, 1865 - Federal reconnaissance from Pocotaligo to the Salkehatchie River, SC, and skirmish, as the Confederates have few men to assemble against the advancing Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA.
January 20, 1865 - Secretary of War Stanton briefs President Lincoln on his recent meetings with Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA.
January 20, 1868 - Florida constitutional convention meets in Tallahassee.