January 19 In Civil War History

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On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag

January 19, 1807 - Robert E. Lee is born, Westmoreland County, Virginia.

January 19, 1820 - John Haskell King, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Sackets Harbor, New York (d. 1888)

January 19, 1861 - Virginia calls for a peace conference.

January 19, 1861 - Tennessee votes to hold a secessionist election.

January 19, 1861 - The ordinance of secession is adopted at Milledgeville, Georgia by the overwhelming vote of 208-89, the 5th state to secede.

January 19, 1861 - Mississippi troops take Fort Massachusetts and Ship Island.

January 19, 1862 - Battle of Mill Springs, Kentucky.

January 19, 1862 - General Felix Zollicoffer is shot and killed when he accidently crosses the Union line and speaks to Col. S. S. Fry [US] at the battle of Mill Springs, Kentucky.

January 19, 1863 - Skirmish near Woodbury, TN.

January 19, 1863 - Federal scout from Williamsburg and skirmish at Burnt Ordinary, VA, with a small party of Confederate pickets.

January 19, 1863 - Maj. Gen Ambrose E. Burnside, USA, prepares to move two Grand Divisions of the Army of the Potomac under Maj. Gens. Joseph Hooker and William B. Franklin, USA, across the Rappahannock River at U.S. Ford, about 10 miles above Fredericksburg, VA.

January 19, 1863 - Maj. Gen. Carl Schurz, USA, is assigned to the command of the 11th US Army Corps, the Army of the Potomac.

January 19, 1864 - Skirmish at Branchville, AR, the site of a Confederate camp.

January 19, 1864 - Skirmish at Big Springs, near Tazewell, East TN, where a party of Confederates surprise and capture about 40 men. The Federal captain in charge escapes and is arrested by his Colonel for derelict of duty.

January 19, 1864 - Federal scouts from Williamsburg, VA, through Barhamsville, Twelve Mile Ordinary, New Kent Court-House, etc. and going as far as Bottom's Bridge before returning from their search for Confederates. In talking to an old man who just returned from Richmond, the Federals learned that Richmond was aware of their moves and had laid out an ambush for them. (Jan 19-24)

January 19, 1865 - After regrouping in Savannah for a month, William Tecumseh Sherman begins moving north into South Carolina.

January 19, 1865 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.

January 19, 1865 - Federal scout from Donaldsonville, LA. (Jan 19-20)

January 19, 1865 - Skirmish at Corinth, MS.

January 19, 1865 - Federal reconnaissance to Myrtle Sound and skirmish at the Half Moon Battery, NC, with assistance from the gunboat, USS Buckingham.

January 19, 1865 - Federal expedition from Memphis, TN, to Marion, AR, with skirmishes with bushwhackers (Jan 20 & 21) at and near Marion. (Jan 19-22)

January 19, 1865 - Bowing to political pressure from the Confederate Congress, President Jefferson Davis will appoint and Gen. Robert E. Lee, CSA, will grudgingly accept, the position of Commander of all the Confederate forces in the field.

January 19, 1865 - Union forces occupy Fort Anderson, North Carolina.

January 19, 1867 - Maine ratifies the 14th Amendment.

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