January 18 In Civil War History

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On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag

January 18, 1782 - American orator and politician Daniel Webster (1782-1852) was born in Salisbury, New Hampshire.

January 18, 1815 - James Chesnut Jr, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), Senator, husband of Mary Boykin Chesnut is born in Camden, South Carolina. (d. 1885)

January 18, 1831 - Edward Ferrero, American ballroom operator and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Granada, Spain (d. 1899)

January 18 1861 - The 3rd demand is made for the surrender of Fort Pickens, Pensacola Harbor, FL, and refused by Lieut. Adam Slemmer, USA.

January 18 1861 - Fort Jefferson, Dry Tortugas, off Key West, FL, is garrisoned by the US troops, under Bvt. Maj. Lewis G. Arnold, to be used to hold political prisoners.

Saturday January 18 1862 - The Confederate Territory of Arizona is formed, comprised of the southern portion of the Federal Territory of New Mexico.

Saturday January 18 1862 - Former President of the United States of America, John Tyler, is buried today along the James River, in the Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, VA.

January 18 1863 - Skirmish in the Cherokee Country, the Indian Territory.

January 18 1864 - Major opposition to the Confederate conscription law continues to develop in northwestern Georgia, western North Carolina and eastern Tennessee.

January 18 1864 - Skirmish at Grand Gulf, MS, with Confederate guerrillas.

January 18 1864 - Affair at Flint Hill, VA, where this time, the Union pickets stationed here are able to drive off the attacking Confederates.

January 18 1865 - Skirmish at Clarksville, AR.

January 18 1865 - Federal expedition from Napoleonville by men under Brig. Gen. Robert A. Cameron, USA, commanding the District of La Fourche, to Grand River, LA. The main incidence of this night occurs when the surround a residence suspected of housing rebels. The Union Lieut. enters the house and comes running out when he hears shots being fired outside (at a dog). It being very dark, a Yankee private takes aim at the person fleeing out of the house (the Union Lieut.) and proceeds to fire a bullet into his forehead. (Jan 18-19)

January 18 1865 - Federal scout against guerrillas from Warrensburg to the Snibar Hills, MO. Due to the horrendous weather and current provisions in the area, the Yankees decide not to bring in any livestock, etc., from the local area, as the women and children living on farms in the area would greatly suffer, regardless if their husbands and fathers are bushwhackers. (Jan 18-22).

January 18 1865 - Affair near Lovettsville, VA, where Maj. Gen. Thomas L. Rosser, CSA, and his Confederate Cavalry surprise attacks the Union vedettes and reserve force near Harper's Ferry; the Yankees pursue Rosser to Purcellville, but could not overtake him.

January 18, 1865 - Battle of Ft Moultrie, South Carolina.
 
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BlueandGrayl

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Ah, you mentioned one of the members of the Great Triumvirate. This particular trio were the faces of American antebellum politics for most of the 19th century and each represented sections and parties:
* Daniel Webster of Massachusetts represented the North/New England.
* John C. Calhoun of South Carolina represented (you guessed it) the South/Lower South.
* Henry Clay of Kentucky represented the more moderate elements of the Border South/Kentucky and to a lesser extent the West part of the North.

* Webster and Clay represented the Whig Party
* John C. Calhoun represented the Southern wing of the Democrat Party.

All three were involved in the South Carolina Nullification Crisis/Compromise Tariff of 1833 and Compromise of 1850 that stopped a potential conflict (especially the latter in regards to the Texas-New Mexico boundary dispute and how it affected the North and South).
 
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