On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
January 16, 1821 - John Cabell Breckinridge born, near Lexington, Kentucky.
January 16, 1825 - General George E. Pickett born in Richmond, VA.
January 16, 1847 - John C. Fremont is appointed Governor of the new California Territory
January 16, 1854 - Kentucky Senator Dixon offers an amendment to the Kansas-Nebraska Act repealing the Missouri Compromise.
January 16, 1857 - George McClellan resigns from the U. S. Army.
January 16, 1861 - January 19, 1861 - Following two days of debate and a day of hammering out the wording of the secession document, Georgia votes to leave the Union on January 19.
January 16, 1861 - The Crittenden Compromise dies on the floor of the Senate.
January 16, 1861 - Operations in the vicinity of Humboldt, CA. (Jan 16-May 18)
January 16, 1862 - The Union Naval descent upon Cedar Keys, FL, with the destruction of seven small Confederate blockade runners, by men from the USS Hatteras.
January 16, 1863 - The Confederate privateer Raider, Florida, evades the Union blockade around Mobile, AL.
January 16, 1863 - A landing party from the Union gunboat, USS Baron De Kalb, captures Confederate supplies at Devall's Bluff, AR.
January 16, 1863 - Federal expedition from Fort Henry to Waverly, TN.
January 16, 1863 - Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick, USA, supersedes Brig. Gen. Orlando Bolivar Wilcox, USA, in the command of the 9th US Army Corps, the Army of the Potomac, VA.
January 16, 1864 - Operations in Northwestern Arkansas. (Jan 16-Feb 15)
January 16, 1864 - Maj. Gen. Samuel R. Curtis, USA, assumes the command of the re-established Federal Dept. of Kansas.
January 16, 1864 - Skirmish at Oak Ridge, MS.
January 16, 1864 - Cavalry operations about Dandridge, TN, including skirmishes:
at Kimbrough's Cross-Roads, (Jan 16), and
on the Bend of Chucky Road, (Jan 17), and
action near Dandridge (Jan 17), with Lieut. Gen. James Longstreet, CSA, and Brig. Gen. Samuel D. Sturgis, USA, commanding Cavalry, Army of the Ohio, and Brig. Gen. Washington L. Elliott, USA, commanding Cavalry, Dept. of the Cumberland, (Jan 16-17)
January 16, 1864 - Skirmish in White County, TN.
January 16, 1864 - Affair near Turkey Creek, VA.
January 16, 1865 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.
January 16, 1865 - General William Sherman issues Field Order #15 (land for blacks)
January 16, 1865 - Alfred Howe Terry, U.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.
January 16, 1865 - Federal expedition from Brashear City aboard the Union gunboat, No. 41, and the steamer, Carrie, to Whisky Bayou, LA. The Yankees visit numerous plantations on their excursion, taking everything of value, destroying what they can't take with them. (Jan 16-18)
January 16, 1865 - Federal operations about Waynesville, MO, including skirmish with guerrillas near McCourtney's Mills, on Big Piney. (Jan 16-22)
January 16, 1865 - Fort Caswell is blown up and the defensive works at Smithville and Reeves' Point, NC, are abandoned by the Confederate forces under Gen. Braxton Bragg, CSA. (Jan 16-17)
January 16, 1865 - The powder magazines at the captured Fort Fisher, NC, accidentally explode, causing over 100 Union casualties. Rumor has it a some drunken Union soldiers and/or sailors May have unknowingly set off the explosion.
January 16, 1865 - The State of North Carolina is designated as the District of North Carolina in the Dept. of the South.
January 16, 1865 - Federal scouts about Franklin, TN, against bushwhackers, where some are surrounded and killed at the house of a Mrs. Cherry who was an eyewitness to the killings. (Jan 16-Feb 20)
January 16, 1867 - West Virginia ratifies the 14th Amendment.
January 16, 1867 - Michigan ratifies the 14th Amendment.
January 16, 1867 - Minnesota ratifies the 14th Amendment.
January 16, 1913 - Thaddeus S. C. Lowe, American aeronaut and inventor, dies at 80 in Pasadena, California.