On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
January 15, 1815 - Henry Wager Halleck born, Oneida County, New York.
January 15, 1821 - Lafayette McLaws, Major General (Confederate Army), born in Augusta, GA. (d. 1897)
January 15, 1857 - Massachusetts holds a state disunion convention called by Thomas Higginson, Frank Bird, and Thomas Earle claiming that "...the Union was a failure as being a hopeless attempt to unite under one government two antagonistic systems of society which diverge more widely every year."
January 15, 1861 - Albert Sidney Johnston assumes command of the US Army's Department of the Pacific.
January 15, 1861 - The 2nd demand is made for the surrender of Fort Pickens, FL.
January 15, 1862 - Edwin Stanton becomes Secretary of War following the resignation of Simon Cameron.
January 15, 1862 - Federal expeditions to Benton, Bloomfield, and Dallas, MO. (Jan 15-17)
January 15, 1862 - Federal reconnaissance from Paducah, KY, to Fort Henry, TN, a combined joint effort of Brig. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, USA, along with Brig. Gen. John McClernand, USA, and Federal gunboats, against Brig. Gen. Lloyd Tilghman, CSA. (Jan 15-25)
January 15, 1863 - Maj. Gen. David Rumph Jones, CSA, dies in Richmond, VA, from heart disease.
January 15, 1863 - Mound City, AR, is burned by the Union expeditionary forces.
January 15, 1864 - Federal scouts near Round Pairie, Jackson County, MO, against guerrillas. (Jan 15-17)
January 15, 1864 - Skirmish near Petersburg, WV.
January 15, 1865 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.
January 15, 1865 - Skirmish in Madison County, AR.
January 15, 1865 - Federal expeditions against guerrillas from Pine Bluff, AR. One local doctor fled from his house with about 25 other guerrillas as the Yankees gave pursuit. His wife screamed at the top of her lungs from her porch to the Federals, pleading with them not to kill her husband. (Jan 15-18)
January 15, 1865 - Federal scout against the Sioux Indians from Fort Larned to Pawnee Fork, Walnut Creek, and Smoky Hill River, KS. The Yankees fail to find any Sioux, but report the buffalo which were plentiful along their trip suddenly disappeared, indicating that the Indian tribes were in the vicinity and on the hunt. (Jan 15-21)
January 15, 1865 - Federal expedition from New Orleans aboard the schooner, Cazador, to Mandeville, LA, and capture of some prisoners, and provisions. (Jan 15-17)
January 15, 1865 - The assault on and the capture of Fort Fisher, near Wilmington, NC, by the expeditionary forces under Brig. Gen. Alfred H. Terry, USA, which effectively closes the last major Confederate port for blockade runners. Total casualties approximate 1,840.
January 15, 1865 - Maj. Gen. William Henry Chase Whiting, CSA, is mortally wounded at the Federal assault on Fort Fisher, NC, captured by the Federals and dying as a prisoner of war, on Mar 10.
January 15, 1865 - The US monitor, USS Patapsco, is destroyed in the Charleston Harbor, SC, after striking a Confederate torpedo.
January 15, 1865 - The 23rd US Army Corps, under Maj. Gen. James Schofield, USA, embarks at Clifton, TN, by water transports for the East, by way of Cincinnati, OH, then by rail to Washington, DC, and finally by ocean transport to later capture Wilmington, NC. (Jan 15-18)
January 15, 1865 - Maj. Gen. John Gibbon, USA, assumes the command of the 24th US Army Corps, the Richmond, VA, Campaign.
January 15, 1867 - Illinois ratifies the 14th Amendment.
January 15, 1868 - Ohio rescinds its ratification of the 14th Amendment when the Peace Democrats gain control of the legislature. The Federal government refuses to recognize the action and counts Ohio as for ratification.
January 15, 1870 - Donkey first used as symbol of Democratic Party, in Harper's Weekly magazine.
January 15, 1896 - Matthew B Brady, US photographer (Civil War), dies at about 72 in New York City.