On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
January 14, 1819 - In a report to Congress Secretary of War John C. Calhoun recommended a series of internal improvements. Among these improvements are the Inland Waterway connecting Boston to Savannah and a post road running from Maine to New Orleans.
January 14, 1819 - Alabama admitted to Union as 22nd state.
January 14, 1837 - William Wells, American businessman, politician, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Waterbury, Vermont (d. 1892)
January 14, 1861 - Virginia Assembly approves a convention to consider secession.
January 14, 1861 - Fort Taylor, Key West, FL, is garrisoned by the US troops under Capt. John M. Brannan, 1st US Artillery. This fort will prove invaluable in the US effort to blockade Southern Ports, by providing coal to the US ships' boilers.
January 14, 1861 - Fort Pike, near New Orleans, LA, is seized by the Louisiana state troops.
January 14, 1862 - George Dashiell Bayard, Union Brigadier General, dies at 27 of wounds incurred in the Battle of Fredericksburg.
January 14, 1862 - John Clifford Pemberton, C.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.
January 14, 1862 - John Ring Jackson, CS A, is appointed Brig. Gen.
January 14, 1862 - George Edward Pickett, CS A, is appointed Brig. Gen.
January 14, 1862 - The US Gunboat reconnaissance to Columbus, KY, bombarding Confederate positions along the way.
January 14, 1862 - Confederates under Stonewall Jackson take Romney, West Virginia.
January 14, 1863 - E. Kirby Smith given command of the Army of the Southwest.
January 14, 1863 - CSS Alabama sinks the USS Hatteras off Galveston, TX.
January 14, 1863 - Western Arizona is transferred to the Dept. of New Mexico.
January 14, 1863 - Federal expedition to South Bend, Arkansas River, AR, under Maj. Gen. John A. McClernand, USA. (Jan 14-15)
January 14, 1863 - Engagement at Bayou Teche, LA, where Brig. Gen. Godfrey Weitzel, USA, captures and destroys the Confederate gunboat, Cotton. The US gunboats Calhoun, Diana, Estrella, and the Kinsman, are also engaged.
January 14, 1864 - Randall Lee Gibson, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
January 14, 1864 - Skirmish at Shoal Creek, AL.
January 14, 1864 - The CSS Alabama captures and burns the Emma Jane off the coast of Malabar, India, now having destroyed over 60 Union vessels.
January 14, 1864 - Federal scout to Baldwin's Ferry, Big Black River, MS, for the purpose of destroying any and all flatboats, ferries, or other means of crossing the river, which was carried out.
January 14, 1864 - Skirmish in Bollinger County, MO.
January 14, 1864 - Federal scout from Collierville, TN, to within 2 miles of Quinn's Mill, with no encounter with the Confederates.
January 14, 1864 - Skirmish at Dandridge, TN.
January 14, 1864 - Skirmish at Middleton, TN.
January 14, 1865 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.
January 14, 1865 - Operations on the Overland Stage Coach Road between Julesburg and Denver, the Colorado Territory, and skirmishes with Indians:
Beaver Creek Stage Coach Station, 82 miles west of Denver, found burned (Jan 14).
Godfrey's Ranch, 70 miles west of Denver, where 4 whitemen succeed in driving the Indians off. (Jan 14)
Lillian Springs Ranch, 33 miles west of Denver, where 3 white men fought off 500 Indians and escape. The ranch is burned. (Jan 17)
near Moore's Ranch, or Washington Ranch, 50 miles west of Denver, several white men were able to drive the Indians off. (Jan 26)
Morrison's or the American Ranch, 68 miles west of Denver, where Indians attacked, captured, and burned the ranch. A passing train found 3 Indians and 7 white bodies in the ruins partly burned. Mr. Morrison, his wife, and child are missing. (Jan 26)
Wisconsin Ranch, 56 miles west of Denver, where a few ranchmen hold off and kill 3 Indians, managing to escape; the ranch is burned by the Indians. (Jan 26)
near Valley Station, 53 miles west of Denver, where the Federal troops were present and killed 13 Indians after they were able to burn 100 tons of hay. (Jan 28).
Antelope Stage Coach Station, 15 miles, Buffalo Ranch Springs, 18 miles, Harlow's Ranch, 22 miles, and Spring Hill Stage Coach Station, 27 miles west of Denver, were burned (Jan 28).
all cattle between Julesburg and the Wisconsin Ranch, about 1,500 head, driven off and taken by the Indians.
January 14, 1865 - Gen. Pierre G. T. Beauregard, CSA, assumes temporary command of the Confederate Army of Tennessee, at Tupelo, MS.
January 14, 1865 - The advance of the Union forces from Beaufort to Pocotaligo, SC, and skirmishes, under Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA.