On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
January 13, 1807 - Napoleon Bonaparte Buford, American Major General (Union Army), born in Woodford County, Kentucky (d. 1883)
January 13, 1808 - Salmon P. Chase born, Keene, New Hampshire.
January 13, 1815 - William Henry French, American Major General (Union Army), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1881)
January 13, 1861 - President James Buchanan, receives the envoys from Major Robert Anderson, USA, (Lieut. J. Norman Hall) and from the South Carolina Governor, Francis W. Pickens, (J. W. Hayne), regarding the status of Fort Sumter, SC. President Buchanan, while not trying to provoke a hostile reaction, emphasizes that Fort Sumter, SC, will not be turned over to the South Carolina state authorities.
January 13, 1862 - The Burnside Expedition arrives off Hatteras Inlet, NC, and begins crossing into Pamlico Sound.
January 13, 1862 - Brig. Gen. Ambrose Everett Burnside, USA, assumes the command of the Dept. of North Carolina.
January 13, 1862 - President Lincoln appoints Edwin Stanton as the new Federal Secretary of War, Washington, DC.
January 13, 1863 - Daniel Ullmann, USA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
January 13, 1863 - Federal expedition under Maj. Gen. John A. McClernand, USA from Helena up the White River, AR, and the capture of Saint Charles, Clarendon, Devall's Bluff, and Des Arc, and along with 6,000 Confederate soldiers.
January 13, 1863 - The USS Columbia runs aground off the coast of North Carolina and is burned by the Confederates a few days later.
Skirmish at Chambers Creek, near Hamburg, TN.
January 13, 1863 - Federal reconnaissance from Murfreesboro to Nolensville and Versailles, TN. (Jan 13-15)
January 13, 1863 - Federal reconnaissance from Nashville to Harpeth River and Cumberland River Shoals, TN. (Jan 13-19)
January 13, 1863 - Federal expedition from Yorktown to West Point, VA.
January 13, 1864 - Federal scout from Pine Bluff to Monticello, AR, where over 2,000 bushels of Confederate corn is destroyed. (Jan 13-14)
January 13, 1864 - President Abraham Lincoln orders Maj. Gens. Quincy A. Gillmore in Florida, and Nathaniel P. Banks, in New Orleans, LA, to proceed at once in constructing free governments in the state of Florida and Louisiana.
January 13, 1864 - Skirmish at Ragland Mills, Bath County, KY, where Federals stationed at Mount Sterling attack and capture a third of the Confederates stationed at Ragland Mills (13 captured).
January 13, 1864 - Skirmish between Cavalry near Collierville, TN.
January 13, 1864 - Affair at Sevierville (Jan 13), and skirmish at Schultz' Mill, Cosby Creek, TN. (Jan 14), where Col. Robert B. Vance, CSA, captures a Federal train of 23 wagons, is pursued and the Federals recapture the wagons along with 1 ambulance loaded with medicines, 150 saddle horses and 100 stand of arms. (Jan 13-14)
January 13, 1864 - Affair near Ely's Ford, VA, where the Confederates crossed the river on the ice and captured Brig. Gen. Judson Kilpatrick's Cavalry patrol.
January 13, 1864 - Stephen Foster, American composer (My Old Kentucky Home), dies at 37 in New York City.
January 13, 1865 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.
January 13, 1865 - James Alexander Williams, USA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
January 13, 1865 - At Tupelo, MS, Lieut. Gen. John Bell Hood, CSA, resigns as commander of the Confederate Army of Tennessee.
January 13, 1865 - The combined military and naval operations against Fort Fisher, NC. (Jan 13-15)
January 13, 1865 - The bombardment of Fort Fisher, NC, by the naval fleet, including the USS Brooklyn, USS Canonicus, USS Monadnock, USS New Ironsides, and the USS Saugus.
January 13, 1865 - The landing of the Union expeditionary forces against Fort Fisher, NC.
January 13, 1868 - Edwin Stanton is illegally restored to Secretary of War by the U. S. Senate.
January 13, 1869 - Colored National Labor Union, 1st Black labor convention meets in Washington, D.C.