On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
January 12, 1792 - Robert Patterson, Irish-American Major General (Union Army), born in Cappagh, County Tyrone, Ireland (d. 1881)
January 12, 1812 - 1st cargo arrives in New Orleans by steamship, from Natchez, Mississippi.
January 12, 1826 - Charles Cruft, American teacher, lawyer, railroad executive, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Terre Haute, Indiana (d. 1883)
January 12, 1861 - Star of the West returns to New York City.
January 12, 1861 - Attorney-general I. W. Hayne leaves Charleston with a demand from Governor Pickens that the federal government to surrender Fort Sumter.
January 12, 1861 - The Mississippi House of Representatives members get up and leave the United States Congress.
January 12, 1861 - Barrancas Barracks, Fort Barrancas and Fort McRee, and the Navy-yard at Pensacola, FL, are seized by the Florida state troops.
January 12, 1861 - The surrender of Fort Pickens, FL, is demanded by the Florida state troops after capturing the above facilities, but is refused.
January 12, 1862 - Maj. Gen. Sterling Price, Missouri State Guard, writes Maj. Gen. Henry Wager Halleck, USA, commanding the Dept. of the Missouri, to protest against the capital punishment of his men for burning bridges.
January 12, 1862 - Federal expedition to Logan Court-House and the Guyandotte Valley, WV, as reported by Col. Edward Sibert, 37th IL. (Jan 12-23)
January 12, 1863 - Skirmish at Lick Creek, about 12 miles from Helena, AR.
January 12, 1863 - Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman, USA, assumes command of the 15th US Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, TN.
January 12, 1863 - Maj. Gen. John E. Wool, USA, assumes the command of the Dept. of the East, VA.
January 12, 1863 - President Jefferson Davis, in his "State of Confederacy" address to the 1st Confederate Congress, is still hoping for foreign recognition.
January 12, 1864 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.
January 12, 1864 - Skirmish at Marshall, KY, as minor skirmishing continues all over with no major troop movements lately.
January 12, 1864 - Affair at Matamoras, Mexico, where Union troops cross the Rio Grande, and move the US Consul to Mexico, Mr. L. Pierce, Jr., who is holding over $1,000,000, to Brownsville, TX and safety. (Jan 12-13)
January 12, 1864 - Skirmish near Mossy Creek, TN, where a Union foraging party inflict 1 mortality and 15 prisoners on the Confederate outposts there.
January 12, 1864 - Affair near Accotink, VA, where some of Maj. Gen. Wade Hampton's, CSA, boys capture a couple citizens and horses.
January 12, 1864 - Affair near Ellis' Ford, VA.
January 12, 1864 - Federal raid on the Northern Neck, VA, arriving from Norfolk to Point Lookout, then moving through the county of Richmond, then into Lancaster and Northumberland, doing very little damage, other than taking some horses and a few negroes.
January 12, 1865 - Francis P. Blair arrives in Richmond, Virginia with a proposal for a peace conference.
January 12, 1865 - The following are appointed Union Brigadier Generals:
John Grant Mitchell, USA
John Morrison Oliver, USA
Benjamin Franklin Potts, USA
James Sidney Robinson, USA
Robert Kingston Scott, USA
January 12, 1865 - Affair near Sugar Loaf Prairie, AR, where the notorious guerrilla, Cook, is smoked out of his hole up in a cave by the Yankees, and he won't live to see tomorrow. Some of his band join him, while the remainder are captured.
January 12, 1865 - Federal expedition from Morganza, LA, with skirmishes with a few Confederates who the Yankees happen upon. The Yankees also seize Confederate supplies. The Confederacy is an empty shell by now in this area. (Jan 12-15)
January 12, 1865 - Federal scout against guerrillas from Camp Grover to Texas Prairie, MO, with limited success. (Jan 12-15)
January 12, 1865 - Federal scout from Warrensburg to Miami, MO, as the Yankees search for reported bushwhackers proves futile. (Jan 12-17)
January 12, 1865 - The Federal expedition convoyed by the fleet of Rear-Admiral David D. Porter, USN, sails from the rendezvous off Beaufort, NC, for Fort Fisher.
January 12, 1865 - The above expedition arrives at Federal Point, NC, for Fort Fisher, Wilmington, NC. (Jan 12-13)
January 12, 1865 - The State of North Carolina is merged into the Dept. of the South.
January 12, 1865 - Maj. Gen. John G. Parke, USA, resumes command of the 9th US Army Corps, the Richmond, VA, Campaign.
January 12, 1867 - Pennsylvania ratifies the 14th Amendment.