This date in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
January 10, 1811 - Louisiana slaves rebel in 2 parishes.
January 10, 1843 - Frank James, American outlaw (member of the James-Younger gang), born in Clay County, Missouri (d. 1915)
January 10, 1861 - Fort Jackson & Fort Philip are taken over by LA state troops (US Civil War)
January 10, 1861 - US forts & property seized by Mississippi
January 10, 1861 - Florida secedes from the Union. They simply replace the term "United States" with "Confederate States" in their constitution.
January 10, 1861 - Major Anderson at Fort Sumter receives orders telling him to maintain a defensive position but to defend the fort.
January 10, 1861 - The US troops are transferred from Barrancas Barracks to Fort Pickens, Santa Rosa Island, Pensacola Harbor, FL, by the order of Lieut. Adam Jacoby Slemmer, US 1st Artillery.
January 10, 1861 - The US Arsenal/Barracks at Baton Rouge, LA, is seized by the Louisiana state troops led by Braxton Bragg, by order of Louisiana Governor Thomas 0. Moore.
January 10, 1861 - Fort Caswell is seized by the citizens of Smithville and Wilmington, North Carolina. (2nd seizure Apr 16)
January 10. 1862 - Samuel Colt, American inventor and industrialist (Colt 6 shot revolver), dies of gout at 47
January 10, 1862 - With McClellan ill, Abraham Lincoln calls a White House meeting with Irvin McDowell, William Franklin, Salmon Chase, Edwin Stanton, and Thomas Scott. Lincoln told them "..if McClellan is not going to use the Army anytime soon, I would like to borrow it."
January 10, 1862 - Federal forces under "Old Ben" Kelley withdraw from Romney.
January 10, 1862 - Battle of Middle Creek, Kentucky.
January 10, 1862 - The Confederate Trans-Mississippi District of Dept. No. 2, is organized, under the command of Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn, CSA.
January 10, 1862 - Federal expedition into Kentucky from Cairo, IL, led by Brig. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant,, USA. (Jan 10-21)
January 10, 1863 - January 11, 1863 - Battle of Arkansas Post - Battle of Fort Hindman. General John McClernand [US] defeats Brigadier General T. J. Churchill [CS] at Fort Hindman or Arkansas Post. Defending the outpost on the Arkansas River, 5,000 Confederates are surrounded by a force of 50,000 Union troops, and a U. S. Naval squadron under the command of Admiral David Porter. The Navy silenced the Confederate artillery and McClernand attacked, gaining the outer walls. The Confederates then surrendered.
January 10, 1863 - Camille Armand Jules Marie Prince de Polignac, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
January 10, 1863 - Skirmish at Carrollton, AR.
January 10, 1863 - Brig. Gen. Thomas West Sherman, USA, assumes the command of the Defenses of New Orleans, LA.
January 10, 1863 - Skirmish at Clifton, TN.
January 10, 1863 - Maj. Gen. Franz Sigel, USA, assumes the command of the Reserve Grand Division, the Army of the Potomac, VA.
January 10, 1863 - Maj. Gen. Fitz John Porter, USA, is court marshalled and cashiered out of the Union army following the Military Court's decision he failed to follow orders at the Battle of 2nd Manassas, or Bull Run, VA, on Aug 29,1863. Porter's guilt is questionable.
January 10, 1864 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.
January 10, 1864 - Skirmish at King's River, AR.
January 10, 1864 - Federal expedition from Vicksburg, MS, aboard the steamers, Era, Madison and Northerner, up the Mississippi River, to Sunnyside Landing, AR, 200 miles, to disperse the Confederates that were obstructing navigation and reported to be attempting to move arms and ammunition from the east side to the west side of the Mississippi. Finding no Confederates, the Federals retire. (Jan 10-16)
January 10, 1864 - Federal scout from near Dandridge to Clark's Ferry, TN, and encounter with Col. George D. Dibrell's, CSA, Confederates, with casualties on both sides. (Jan 10-11)
January 10, 1864 - Skirmish about 6 miles from Mossy Creek, TN, where a Union scouting party surprise attack the Confederates, inflicting casualties.
January 10, 1864 - Skirmish at Loudoun Heights, VA, where Maj. John S. Mosby, CSA, slips into the Federal camp and surprises a superior force of Federals at 4:30 a.m.; however, the Union rally, and some of Mosby's men end up giving the ultimate in sacrifice for their cause.
January 10, 1864 - Federal scout to Sperryville, VA, by Brig. Gen. Wesley Merritt, USA, with Confederate prisoners.
January 10, 1864 - Skirmish at Petersburg, WV.
January 10, 1865 - Skirmish with guerrillas near Glasgow, MO, as the Yankees divvy up the spoils from one dead guerrilla which included a belt and 6 revolvers, 4 purses containing $ 72.25, pocketknives, 1 pocket compass, 1 gold pen and silver holder, and the likenesses of 2 young ladies, in addition to his hat and boots.
January 10, 1867 - New York ratifies the 14th Amendment.
January 10, 1869 - [circa] At Fort Cobb, in response to Comanche Chief Toch-a-way's remark "Me good Indian," Phil Sheridan replies, "The only good Indian is a dead Indian."
January 10, 1870 - Georgia legislature reconvenes.
January 10, 1883 Dr. Samuel A. Mudd, medical doctor and Booth co-conspirator dies in Waldorf, Maryland. (b. 1833)