Iowa's 90 day volunteer uniforms and the use of butternut uniforms

Fewer ads. Lots of American Civil War content!
JOIN NOW: REGISTER HERE!

major bill

Colonel
Forum Host
Joined
Aug 25, 2012
Messages
15,832
I do not believe we have discussed the uniforms worn by Iowa' 90 volunteers. Like many other Northern states with smallish populations Iowa relieved partly on militia company pre war uniforms and the 1st Iowa Infantry Regiment was said to have worn dissimilar uniforms. Most wore jackets or hunting frocks of bluish gray or butternut color. They usually wore gray trouser with some wearing buckskin trousers.

Latter gray state uniforms were issued. Here are some comments on early Iowa uniforms:

The Burlington company adopted Zouave uniforms of dark-blue "bob-tailed" jacket that was more like a vest than a jacket being that it only buttoned at the top, light blue shirt, baggy red flannel trousers, leather leggings, and caps with gold braid. It became Company E, but only about have the men had uniforms and the company switched to a Daniel Boone type hunting frock with red collars and cuffs and red trim down the front. They wore buckskin trousers. They wore black hats turned up with red cockade. This style of shirt/blouse was called a "waumas" or "wamuss" in the West.

Hunting frock proved popular with other companies of the 1st Iowa Infantry Regiment but of various styles and colors.

Company G, the German Rifles, wore blouses with green collars, dark gray trousers, and black felt hats with "a tin bull's eye the size of a platter in red white and blue.
The Governor's Grays of Duubuque wore gray jackets. Their pre war uniforms were based on the 7th New York State Militia Regiment'.

Some of the uniforms were referred to as being butternut gray in color.

The uniforms of the companies did not last long and Iowa issued them state uniforms of gray frock coats and gray hats.
 
Last edited:

major bill

Colonel
Forum Host
Joined
Aug 25, 2012
Messages
15,832
In Lincoln's90-Day Volunteers 1861 by Ron Field and Illustrated by Adam Hook show the German Rifles Co. G 1st Iowa in this uniform. It is not know exactly how accurate they are in representing their uniform.


ger ger.jpg
 
Last edited:

mofederal

Captain
Joined
Jun 27, 2017
Messages
6,744
Location
Southeast Missouri
I have seen the picture before. It is a very good image, of a unit that fought at Wilson's Creek. I though was of note that they had such a mix of uniforms.
 
Fewer ads. Lots of American Civil War content!
JOIN NOW: REGISTER HERE!
Top