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Info on the 24th Texas Cavalry Regiment (Dismounted)

Discussion in 'New Recruits Meet & Greet Area' started by clcoope1, Jan 12, 2018.

  1. clcoope1

    clcoope1 Cadet

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    Hey Everybody,

    I'm kind of new to all of this and I would appreciate any help you could give me. I was doing some family history research and I came across a great, great grandpa, Bartholomew Howard Burkett who joined the 24th Texas Cavalry Regiment with his two older brothers John Henry Burkett and Isaiah Burkett from Lavaca County, Texas (They also had an older brother Nathaniel Boone Burkett, but he served down near the Mexican border in Brownsville). I've been able to track all three of them to the Battle of Arkansas post through service records and other sources. That's where I get stuck. I know both Isaiah and John Henry were captured at Arkansas Post. Isaiah died as a POW of pneumonia and John Henry was eventually exchanged and I assume he went back to the 24th. I've been able to find absolutely nothing about my great, great grandpa Bart. After Arkansas Post his service records just say "on the west side of the Mississippi river". I assume that means he wasn't captured and joined the Trans-Mississippi army with all the other confederates who weren't captured at Arkansas Post. However, that's where the trail goes cold. I was wondering if anyone had any advice on where to find more information on my great, great grandpa.... any books, memoirs, letters or anything of the sort. I appreciate any help you could give me.

    Thanks,
     

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  3. AUG

    AUG Captain Forum Host

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    Welcome!

    The Texans who escaped capture at Arkansas Post were organized into the 17th Texas Consolidated Dismounted Cavalry (not to be confused with the 17th Texas Cavalry) at Shreveport, La., in July 1863. They then served mainly in Louisiana throughout the rest of the war as part of Prince de Polignac's Texas Brigade and saw action in the Red River Campaign.

    There's a good article by Danny Sessums on that regiment here: https://cactusrosepress.wordpress.c...-texas-consolidated-dismounted-cavalry-c-s-a/

    Those who were captured at Arkansas Post were held in Union prisons for some time until exchanged in spring of 1863 and were later assigned to Patrick Cleburne's Division in the Army of Tennessee - later known as Granbury's Texas Brigade. After they were exchanged some men did recross the Mississippi and return home or join other commands, so that could be what your ancestor did.

    There's a few books out there on Granbury's Texas Brigade. For the 24th Texas Cavalry in particular I recommend One of Cleburne's Command: The Civil War Reminiscences of Capt. Samuel T. Foster, who was an officer in the regiment.
     
  4. William G Hendry

    William G Hendry Sergeant Trivia Game Winner

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    Hello and welcome from Ont. Canada
     
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  5. clcoope1

    clcoope1 Cadet

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    Awesome! Thanks. Oddly enough I just ordered that very same book yesterday. Can't wait to get it. Thanks for the info!
     
  6. JOHN42768

    JOHN42768 Captain Trivia Game Winner

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    Welcome, enjoy
     
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  7. Hawkeye Brehm

    Hawkeye Brehm Sergeant

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    Welcome from Myrtle Beach
     
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  8. James N.

    James N. Major Forum Host Civil War Photo Contest
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    Welcome to the forums from the host of the Stonewall Jackson Forum and descendant of a soldier of Cleburne's Division. I would add to the excellent overview by AUG351 above that your relative who died as a prisoner before being exchanged (released) might be buried in the National Cemetery near Springfield, Ill. I know I saw a small hillside of Confederate graves there containing Texans from both the 24th and 25th Cavalry!
     
    Last edited: Jan 12, 2018
  9. clcoope1

    clcoope1 Cadet

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    You're absolutely right! After I read your post I jumped onto the website. They actually have photos of the headstones so I was able to see a picture of it. Not the same as visiting it in person, but still awesome. I'll have to go check it out some day.
     

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  10. east tennessee roots

    east tennessee roots Captain

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    Welcome : https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qkt35

    Twenty-fourth Texas Cavalry (dismounted).


    Chickamagua after battle report:

    Report of Col. F. C. Wilkes, Twenty-fourth Texas
    Cavalry, commanding Seventeenth, Eighteenth, Twenty-fourth,
    and Twenty-fifth Texas Cavalry (dismounted).

    HDQRS. 17TH, 18TH, 24TH, AND 25TH TEXAS CAVALRY,
    October 6, 1863.
    SIR: I have the honor to report that on Saturday, September 19,
    about 4. 30, my regiment, numbering 735 rank and file and 29
    officers of the line, together with 3 field officers, crossed the
    Chickamauga Creek, and after moving forward about 2 miles
    formed in line of battle about sundown. The regiment occupied
    the position on the right of Gen. Deshler's brigade, the right of
    which brigade rested on the left of Gen. Wood's brigade. We
    immediately moved forward, passing over the brigade of Gen.
    Preston Smith, and at a distance of about 600 yards we met the
    enemy. My company of skirmishers, which had been instructed
    to keep well to the front, being misled by t he darkness of the
    night, had come unexpectedly upon the enemy's line of battle and
    had been captured. After a short engagement with the enemy,
    especially upon the right of my command, he was routed with
    considerable loss in killed and wounded, and about 100
    prisoners, principally form the Seventy-ninth Pennsylvania
    Regt.'s, together with the colors of each of these regiments and
    most of their field officers; also about 150 stand of small-arms,
    during which time the company of skirmishers made their escape.

    In the engagement I lost 4 killed and 7 or 8 wounded.

    The honor of capturing the colors belongs to Private L. Montgomery,
    of Company B, and Sergt. C. Martin and Private Pippen of Company K.

    Sergt. J. H. Griffin, of Company I, distinguished himself by his
    gallantry and coolness in taking command of his company when
    the only commissioned officer in it was absent and could not be
    found. I recommend that he be promoted to lieutenant.

    During this engagement I received a slight wound which partially
    disabled me, in consequence of which the command devolved on
    Lieut.-Col. Coit and Maj. Taylor.

    Having driven the enemy from the field, the action closed about
    8 o'clock, and we bivouacked on the battle-field.

    On Sunday morning, an hour before daylight, we reformed our
    line of battle and threw up temporary breastworks. Between 9
    and 10 o'clock we were again ordered to the front. After
    advancing about 600 yards through the timber, we came upon an
    open field completely commanded by the enemy's batteries, and
    we made our way at a double-quick step across this field under
    a most terrific fire of shot and shell, grape and canister. During
    this movement we lost 8 or 10 men in killed and wounded.

    Having advanced near the enemy's lines, and finding a brigade
    already in front of us engaging the enemy, the command was
    ordered to halt, lie down, and await further orders. Just at this
    juncture, I received a contused wound upon the right leg which
    completely disabled me, and in consequence of which I was
    separated from the command until the close of the action.

    The officers and men of the command up to this time, with a few
    dishonorable exceptions already reported, displayed
    remarkable gallantry. Maj. Taylor, now in command of the
    regiment, and who was with it during the entire action of the
    19th and 20th, will add to this a supplemental report.

    I have the honor to be, yours, very respectfully, &c.,

    F. C. WILKES,
    Col., Comdg. Regt.

    Capt. J. T. HEARNE,
    Assistant Adjutant-Gen.

    -----------


    Report of Maj. William A. Taylor, Twenty-fourth Texas Cavalry,
    commanding Seventeenth, Eighteenth, Twenty-fourth, and
    Twenty-fifth Texas Cavalry (dismounted).

    [OCTOBER 6, 1863]

    SIR: Being upon the right of the regiment at the time Col.
    Wilkes was wounded, I was ordered by Gen. Deshler to move
    the regiment by the right flank. After proceeding about 300
    yards, I was ordered by Gen. Cleburne to front and advance,
    which I did immediately. The regiment met a regiment of Gen.
    Wood's brigade retreating from before the enemy (opening our
    lines to give it egress), and then closing up again, advancing
    steadily to the crest of the hill immediately in front of the
    enemy's breastworks, the enemy hastily retiring from before
    them. Upon arriving at the crest of the hill, we were ordered to
    halt. It was here the regiment suffered terribly, losing about 200
    in killed and wounded, and remained undaunted for three or four
    hours under a galling and continuous fire of grape, canister, and
    small-arms until it was ordered order, still keeping a line of
    sharpshooters near the crest of the hill. Soon after the regiment
    assumed its new position, it was discovered that the enemy's
    skirmishers were flanking us on the right. Immediately upon
    discovering this movement of the enemy I ordered a company out
    as skirmishers to drive them back, which was done effectually.
    In a short time the enemy was routed, and the regiment was
    ordered to bivouac upon the field from which the enemy had
    been driven.

    Respectfully submitted.

    W. A. TAYLOR,
    Maj., 17th, 18th, 24th, and 25th Regts. Texas Cav.

    Capt. J. T. HEARNE,
    Assistant Adjutant-Gen.

    Source: Official Records
    CHAP. XLII.] THE CHICKAMAUGA CAMPAIGN. PAGE 194-51
    [Series I. Vol. 30. Part II, Reports. Serial No. 51.]

    ****************************************************************************************


    Report of Maj. William A. Taylor, Twenty-fourth Texas (dismounted)
    Cavalry, commanding Seventeenth, Eighteenth, Twenty-fourth, and
    Twenty-fifth Texas (dismounted) Cavalry.

    HDQRS. 17TH, 18TH, 24TH, AND 25TH TEXAS REGIMENTS.,
    Camp near Tunnel Hill, Ga., December 2, 1863.
    CAPT.: About 4 a.m. on November 26, orders to retreat from
    Chickamauga were given, and the line of march was taken up for the
    rear and continued to Ringgold; encamped near the ford west of the town.

    Early on the morning of the 27th, a line of battle was formed a short
    distance east of the fronting the town of Ringgold. Company K, Capt.
    Manion, was thrown forward as skirmishers, with orders to conceal
    themselves, and not to fire until the enemy were very near to them.

    About 9 a.m. the enemy advanced a heavy line of skirmishers. When
    within about 20 yards of my line of skirmishers, and on the right of the
    regiment, they were fired upon and the engagement commenced, our
    fire slightly checking their advance. The enemy, heavily re-enforced,
    advanced steadily and with the intention of flanking my right. Informing
    Col. Granbury, commanding brigade, of this fact, I immediately
    withdrew Company K, Capt. Manion, from the front, and ordered
    First Lieut. Basye, Company E, to take his position; ordered
    Capt. Manion to deploy his company a little in advance and at right
    angles with the regiment, and ordered Capt. Speir, Company B, to
    support him. The enemy being close upon my flank, rapid soon
    commenced, which told with terrible effect upon the enemy, owing to
    the coolness and the accuracy of the aim and the bravery of the men.
    Seeing the enemy again heavily re-enforcing, I ordered Capt. Marsh,
    Company I, to deploy his company, take command of the skirmishers,
    to advance, and drive the enemy back, which he did, charging them
    with a shout and drive the enemy back, which he did, charging them
    with a shout in gallant style, routing the enemy and driving them back
    in confusion, killing quite a number, capturing a stand of colors
    (Twenty-ninth Missouri), and between 60 and 100 prisoners, among
    them a number of officers.

    I would call attention to the gallantry of Capt.'s Marsh, Manion, and
    First Lieut. Basye, of Companies I, K, and E. In this engagement,
    as at Missionary Ridge, with but few exceptions, the men and officers
    behaved as men and soldiers should fighting for their homes and country.

    The enemy making no farther advance, about 2 p.m. orders to retreat
    were given, which was done in good order.

    Your attention is respectfully called to list* of casualties, marked B,
    accompanying this report.

    W. A. TAYLOR,
    Maj., Comdg. 17th, 18th, 24th, and 25th Texas Regiments.

    Capt. J. T. HEARNE,
    Assistant Adjutant-Gen.

    Source: Official Records
    CHAP. XLIII.] THE CHATTANOOGA-RINGGOLD CAMPAIGN. PAGE 778-55
    [Series I. Vol. 31. Part II, Reports. Serial No. 55.]

    ************************************************************************************

    Report of Maj. William. A. Taylor, Twenty-fourth Texas Cavalry,
    Cmdg. Twenty-fourth and Twenty-fifth Texas Cavalry (dismounted),
    of operations July 20-22.

    HDQRs. 24TH AND 25TH REGTS. TEXAS CAV. (DISMOUNTED),
    Near Atlanta, Ga., July 29, 1864.
    LIEUT.: I respectfully submit the following report of the
    part taken by the Twenty-fourth and Twenty-fifth Regiments Texas
    Cavalry (dismounted, consolidated), in the engagements near Atlanta,
    on 20th, 21st, and 22d of July, 1864:

    On the afternoon of the 20th instant the above regiments, under
    command of Lieut.-Col. Neyland, of the Twenty-fifth Texas
    (since wounded), occupied the left of Smith's (Texas) brigade, with
    no support upon its left. Soon after, it was ordered forward in line
    of battle, passing over two lines of battle, and was then halted in rear
    of a line of battle occupying the crest of a ridge immediately in front,
    and so remained until sundown. It was then moved by the right
    flank southeast of Atlanta, and bivouacked until 2.30 a. m. on the 21st
    instant, when the brigade was again formed and marched to a position
    occupied by the cavalry on the right of the army. This regiment
    was then ordered from the left to the right of the brigade, the
    left of the cavalry resting upon its right. About 10 a. m. a lieutenant-colonel
    of a cavalry regiment immediately upon the right came
    running along the line, saying: "Leave here: you will all be captured;
    the cavalry has given way and the enemy is surrounding
    you," or words to that effect. The skirmishers in my front, nor
    those immediately in front of the cavalry regiment on my right, had
    not yet reached the breast-works, but were only about twenty paces
    in front, coming on. The cavalry regiment immediately on my
    right fired a volley into them, and commenced running from the
    breast-works in confusion. The enemy having driven the cavalry
    from the line still farther to the right and succeeded in getting to the
    near of our line of battle, [by order of] Lieut.-Col. Neyland,
    in command of the regiment, I immediately started to inform Brigadier-Gen.
    Smith of what was occurring upon the right. Not
    finding him, and seeing the regiment falling back, I hastened to
    assist Lieut.-Col. Neyland in rallying that portion upon the
    right which had fallen back under an order from him (to meet the
    enemy, who had already crossed the breast-works immediately upon
    its right and were then in the rear of it), preparatory to a charge,
    which was gallantly made, driving the enemy out of and over the
    breast-works from which they had driven the cavalry for over 200
    yards. Owing to the largely superior force of the enemy (reported
    by prisoners as being 900 strong, while those who left the trenches and
    in the charge was less than 100, including very few cavalry), we
    were again forced to fall back. Again the regiment was rallied,
    and drove them out of a large portion of the works, but, still being
    unsupported, were obliged to fall back again. Lieut.-Col.
    Neyland at this time was severely wounded in the thigh. Twice he
    had gallantly rallied the regiment and led them in the charge.
    Nothing daunted, I again rallied the brave little band, now considerably
    reduced, and charged them the third time, again driving them
    from the works, and succeeded in holding over 200 yards of the
    breast-works originally held by the cavalry with a thin line of skirmishers
    until re-enforced by two regiments from Gen.'s Lowray's
    and Govan's brigades.

    Our loss in this engagement was-killed, 9; wounded, 25; captured,
    9.

    On the morning of the 22d instant this regiment took position
    upon the left of the brigade, and, after marching some distance, it
    was formed in line of battle, its left resting upon the right of General
    Govan's brigade, with orders to conform to the movements of
    that brigade. The country in front was broken and covered with
    very thick undergrowth, which made it difficult to march in line of
    battle with any regularity. After marching some distance, Govan's
    brigade became engaged with the enemy, and from the shouting I
    was led to believe he was driving the enemy in his front. Nothing
    could be seen in his front for the undergrowth. We still continued
    to advance for several hundred yards before meeting the enemy,
    crossing a very boggy marsh, fringed with thick bushes, which
    scattered the lines very much, entirely separating us from Govan's
    brigade upon the left. A short distance from this we came upon an
    outer line of the enemy's breast-works; drove him from them without
    difficulty, passing over a number of cannon, caissons, two wagons
    loaded with tools, and a second line of breast-works, capturing a
    large number of prisoners. The regiment, now almost become a
    line of skirmishers, still continued forward, passing over a small
    stream and deep ravine close to and under the breast-works of the
    enemy, which was their third line, capturing the battle and State
    flags of the Third Iowa Infantry. A portion of the regiment reached
    the breast-works and found the enemy leaving with their artillery;
    but finding but few men at their works, and not supported on the
    right or left for a long distance, they rallied, and reoccupied their
    works, our men falling back. I ordered my men to occupy the
    second line of breast-works captured, and to hold them as long as
    possible. Very soon other portions of the brigade formed on the
    right. Brig.-Gen. Smith, commanding brigade, coming up
    soon after, ordered the line to be held, but in a few moments after
    was wounded and assisted from the field. Orders were then given
    by the next senior officer to fall back; that the brigade was not supported,
    and that the enemy were flanking us in force upon the right,
    which was done without loss, forming as a reserve to Gen. Govan's
    brigade, still farther to the rear, in a line of works captured from
    the enemy by them.

    In the engagement of the 22d instant our loss was 4 killed, 21
    wounded, 3 captured.

    I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

    W. A. TAYLOR,
    Maj. Twenty-fourth Texas Cav. (dismounted), Comdg.

    Lieut. S. G. SNEED,
    Acting Assistant Adjutant-Gen.


    Source: Official Records
    PAGE 752-74 THE ATLANTA CAMPAIGN. [CHAP. L.
    [Series I. Vol. 38. Part III, Reports. Serial No. 74.]
     
  11. James N.

    James N. Major Forum Host Civil War Photo Contest
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    Glad to be of help; as an aside, I'll mention that I was astounded to see there, right across the walkway from the Confederates, a line of later prisoner-of-war graves containing several Germans, a couple of Italians, and a lone North Korean!
     
  12. E_just_E

    E_just_E Moderator Moderator

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    Welcome from PA!
     
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  13. captaindrew

    captaindrew 2nd Lieutenant Trivia Game Winner

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    Welcome from South Florida and good luck with your search. Looks like you are off to a great start!
     
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  14. clcoope1

    clcoope1 Cadet

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    Wow. Even a North Korean. That's way interesting. I'll definitely have to check it out someday.
     
  15. chellers

    chellers Lt. Colonel Trivia Game Winner Retired Moderator Honored Fallen Comrade

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    Welcome from East Texas.
     
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  16. rebel brit

    rebel brit First Sergeant

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    Welcome aboard.
     
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  17. Gladys Hodge Sherrer

    Gladys Hodge Sherrer Sergeant Major

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    Welcome to the Forum, :wavespin: from Alabama!
     
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  18. Iron Brigade

    Iron Brigade Corporal

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    Welcome from Florida
     
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  19. nitrofd

    nitrofd Colonel

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    Welcome from the sunshine state.
     
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  20. CMWinkler

    CMWinkler Colonel Forum Host Retired Moderator

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    Welcome.
     
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  21. cl73

    cl73 Private

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    Howdy from the UK. Interesting history, well done.
     
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