Imboden's

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Imboden's

West Va. Raid Apr'63 Jone's and Imboden's West Va.Raid
 

Steiger

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The Jones-Imboden Raid
Part of the American Civil War
Date
April – May, 1863
Location
Western Virginia (present day West Virginia)
western Maryland
Result
Confederate victory
Livestock driven off
1,000 head of cattle
1,200 horses
Resources destroyed
16 rail bridges
150,000 barrels of oil
Human casualties
700 prisoners
30 killed

The Jones–Imboden Raid was a Confederate military action conducted in western Virginia (now the state of West Virginia) in April and May 1863 during the American Civil War. The raid, led by Brig. Gens. William E. Jones and John D. Imboden, was aimed at disrupting traffic on the vital Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and reasserting Confederate authority in transmountain Virginia in an effort to derail the growing statehood movement in the region, since voters had in March approved a new Constitution and statehood only awaited Congressional and Presidential approval.
Raiders claimed success from a military vantage, since they severely damaged several railroad bridges (though not the two most critical), as well as an oil field and other critical Union resources. Raiders also captured valuable supplies and gained recruits. From a political standpoint, however, the raid failed, for it had little effect on pro-statehood sentiment, and West Virginia was admitted as the 35th state of the Union in June.
 
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