High Water Mark of the Rebellion Monument (Gettysburg)

CivilWarTalk

Lieutenant General
- ★★★ -
Managing Member & Webmaster
Joined
Apr 1, 1999
Location
Martinsburg, WV
High Water Mark of the Rebellion Monument

:us34stars: :CSA1stNat: The High Water Mark is a small grove located on the northern portion of Cemetery Ridge. On July 3, 1863 it was the site of vicious hand-to-hand combat during the bloody climax of Pickett's Charge.

Colonel John Bachelder, the first government historian of the Gettysburg battlefield, deemed this area "High Water Mark of the Rebellion" and helped place the High Water Mark of the Rebellion Monument here in 1892. The monument lists the commands of both armies that participated in Pickett's Charge. This grouping of trees marked a Confederate crest of the battle and the war. After Gettysburg, Lee's Army of Northern Virginia would never reach such a high point again.

MONUMENT PROFILE
  • Battlefield: Gettysburg National Military Park, Pennsylvania
  • Location: West Side of Hancock Avenue at the Copse of Trees
  • Map Coordinates: +39° 48' 45.00", -77° 14' 8.52"

MONUMENT DETAILS
  • Origin: At an 1887 Gettysburg Battlefield Memorial Association meeting, Bachelder was asked to “prepare an appropriate and suitable tablet descriptive of the engagement and the commands engaged at the copse of trees where Pickett’s Division assaulted the Union line, said tablet to be placed upon a metallic post thereat.” On September 25, 1888, Bachelder offered a resolution for a bronze tablet “setting forth the movements of the troops at the copse of trees” be erected, which was approved. More than twenty different designs prepared and discarded before one was approved.
  • Artists:
    • Designer: John B. Bachelder
    • Foundry Work: Henry-Bonnard Bronze Company
  • Erected: April 27, 1892
  • Dedicated: June 2, 1892
  • Dimensions:
    • Sculpture: H. 4 ft. x W. 4 ft. 6 in.
    • Base: 9 ft. x 11 ft. 4 in. x 11 ft.
    • Weight: 1,272 lbs.
  • Cost: $6,500 (June 1892)
  • Description: An oversized open book is propped up on a pyramid of cannon balls. The work stands on a tapered square base, a tiered square base and a small, low-stepped plaza and is flanked by a cannons and small pyramidal stacks of cannon balls. The inscription on the pages of the open book lists the divisions and brigades from both the Union and Confederate armies who participated in Longstreet's assault. The bronze book needed to be recast a 2nd time in 1892 when two unit's names were omitted from the monument.

MONUMENT TEXT
Front of Monument
COMMANDS HONORED.
IN RECOGNITION OF THE PATRIOTISM AND GALLANTRY DISPLAYED
BY THEIR RESPECTIVE TROOPS WHO MET OR ASSISTED TO REPULSE

LONGSTREET’S ASSAULT
THE FOLLOWING STATES HAVE CONTRIBUTED TO ERECT THIS TABLET:
MAINE, NEW HAMPSHIRE, VERMONT, MASSACHUSETTS, RHODE ISLAND, CONNECTICUT, NEW YORK,
NEW JERSEY, DELAWARE, PENNSYLVANIA, WEST VIRGINIA, OHIO, MICHIGAN AND MINNESOTA.

From the Left side of the Book
HIGH WATER MARK
OF THE REBELLION.

THIS COPSE OF TREES WAS THE LANDMARK
TOWARD WHICH LONGSTREET’S ASSAULT WAS DIRECTED
JULY 3, 1863.
THE ASSAULTING COLUMN
WAS COMPOSED OF
KEMPER’S, GARNETT’S AND ARMISTEAD’S BRIGADES OF
PICKETT’S DIVISION,
ARCHER’S DAVIS’, PETTIGREW’S & BROCKENBROUGH’S BRIGADES OF HETH’S DIVISION
AND SCALES’ AND LANE’S BRIGADES OF
PENDER’S DIVISION,
SUPPORTED ON THE RIGHT BY
WILCOX’ AND PERRY’S BRIGADES OF
ANDERSON’S DIVISION;
ON THE LEFT BY THOMAS’ AND MCGOWAN’S BRIGADES OF
PENDER’S DIVISION,
AND ASSISTED BY THE FOLLOWING ARTILLERY:
CABELL’S BATTALION
CONSISTING OF
MANLY’S FRASER’S, MCCARTHY’S & CARLTON’S BATTERIES.
ALEXANDER’S BATTALION,
WOOLFOLK’S, JORDAN’S, GILBERT’S, MOODY’S, PARKER’S & TAYLOR’S BATTERIES,
ESCHELMAN’S BATTALION,
SQUIRES, RICHARDSON’S, MILLER’S & NORCOM’S BATTERIES,
DEARING’S BATTALION,
STRIBLING’S, CASKIE’S, MACON’S & BLOUNT’S BATTERIES,
CUTT’S BATTALION,
ROSS’S PATTERSON’S & WINGFIELD’S BATTERIES,
POAGUE’S BATTALION,
WYATT’S, GRAHAM’S, WARD’S & BROOKE’S BATTERIES,
PEGRAM’S BATTALION,
MC CRAW’S, ZIMMERMAN’S BRADER’S, MARYE’S & CRENSHAW BATTERY.
MC INTOSH’S BATTALION,
RICE’S HURT’S WALLACE’S & JOHNSON’S BATTERIES,
CARTER’S BATTALION,
REESE’S, CARTER’S, PAGE’S & FRY’S BATTERIES,
BROWN’S BATTALION,
WATSON’S, SMITH’S CUNNINGHAM’S & GRIFFIN’S BATTERIES.

From the Right side of the Book
REPULSE OF
LONGSTREET’S ASSAULT.


LONGSTREET’S ASSAULT
WAS REPULSED BY
WEBB’S, HALL’S & HARROW’S BRIGADES OF
GIBBON’S DIVISION SECOND ARMY CORPS;
SMYTH’S & WILLARD’S BRIGADES AND
PORTIONS OF CARROLL’ BRIGADE OF
HAYS’ DIVISION SECOND ARMY CORPS;
AND THE FIRST MASSACHUSETTS SHARP-SHOOTERS
(UNATTACHED)
PORTIONS OF ROWLEY’S & STANNARD’S BRIGADES OF
DOUBLEDAY’S DIVISION FIRST ARMY CORPS;
HAZARD’S SECOND CORPS ARTILLERY BRIGADE,
CONSISTING OF
WOODRUFF’S, ARNOLD’S, CUSHING’S BROWN’S & RORTY’S BATTERIES,
ASSISTED ON THE RIGHT BY
HILL’S, EDGELL’S, EAKIN’S, BANCROFT’S, DILGER’S & TAFT’S BATTERIES
ON CEMETERY HILL;
AND ON THE LEFT BY
COWAN’S, FITZHUGH’S, PARSON’S, WHEELER’S, THOMAS’,
DANIELS’ & STERLING’S BATTERIES AND
MCGILVERY’S ARTILLERY BRIGADE
CONSISTING OF
THOMPSON’S, PHILLIP’S, HART’S, COOPER’S, DOW’S, & AMES’
BATTERIES,
AND BY HAZLETT’S BATTERY ON LITTLE ROUND TOP.
AND SUPPORTED BY
DOUBLEDAY’S DIVISION OF THE FIRST ARMY CORPS
WHICH WAS IN POSITION
ON THE IMMEIDATE LEFT OF THE TROOPS ASSAULTED.
THE THIRD ARMY CORPS
MOVED UP TO WITHIN SUPPORTING DISTANCE ON THE LEFT, AND
ROBINSON’S DIVISION OF THE FIRST ARMY COR
PS
MOVED IN TO POSITION TO SUPPORT THE RIGHT.

DESIGNED BY AND ERECTED UNDER THE SUPERINTENDENCE OF JOHN B. BATCHELDER
CAST BY THE HENRY-BONNARD BRONZE CO., NEW YORK, NEW YORK

From the Rear of the Monument
GETTYSBURG BATTLEFIELD MEMORIAL ASSOCIATION
ORGANIZED APRIL 30, 1864
DIRECTORS 1895

GOVERNOR DANIEL H. HASTINGS, PRESIDENT
COLONEL CHARLES H. BUEHLER, VICE PRESIDENT
CALVIN HAMILTON, SECRETARY
J. LAWRENCE SCHICK, TREASURER

JOHN B. BACHELDER
COLONEL GEORGE C. BRIGGS
BREVET MAJOR GEN. JOSEPH B. CARR
MAJOR GEN. S.W. CRAWFORD
BRIGADIER GEN. LUCIUS W. FAIRCHILD
BREVET MAJOR GEN. D. MCM. GREGG
BREVET MAJOR GEN. GEORGE S. GREENE
FIRST LIEUT. C.E. GOLDSBOROUGH
BREVET MAJOR CHILL W. HAZARD
JACOB A. KITZMILLER
JOHN C. LINEHAN
CAPTAIN EDWARD MCPHERSON
CAPTAIN H.W. MCKNIGHT
MAJOR GEN. DANIEL E. SICKLES
MAJOR GEN. HENRY W. SLOCUM
CAPTAIN FRANK D. SLOAT
SAMUEL MCC. SWOPE
COLONEL WHEELOCK C. VEAZEY
JOHN M. VANDERSLICE
BREVET BRIG. GEN. LEWIS WAGNER
BREVET MAJOR GEN. ALEX S. WEBB
BREVET LIEUT. COL. CHARLES YOUNG
BREVET LIEUT. COL. JOHN P. NICHOLSON


ADDITIONAL PHOTOS


1622662998175.png

LOC Photo c.1903

1622663015178.png

William Tipton, Date Unknown

RELATED LINKS

citation information The following information is provided for citations.
Article Title:
High Water Mark of the Rebellion Monument (Gettysburg)
Authors:
CivilWarTalk
Website Name:
CivilWarTalk.com
URL:
https://civilwartalk.com/threads/high-water-mark-of-the-rebellion-monument-gettysburg.185692/
Publisher:
CivilWarTalk, LLC
Original Published Date:
June 2, 2021

links to state and national monuments, and nearby landmarks Located at Gettysburg National Military Park, in Adams County, Pennsylvania (rev.6/1/21)
National Monuments
Eternal Light Peace Memorial Friend to Friend Masonic Memorial High Water Mark
Lincoln Speech Memorial Soldiers' National Monument
U.S. State Monuments
DE IN MD NY NY Auxiliary PA VT U.S. Regulars
C.S. State Monuments
AL AR DE FL GA LA MD MS NC SC TN TX VA
Union Regimentals
CT DE IL IN ME MD MA MI MN
NH NJ NY OH PA RI VT WV WI U.S. Regulars
Individual &
Commemorative
Monuments
Equestrian Monuments: Hancock Howard Lee Longstreet Meade Reynolds Sedgwick Slocum
Standing Bronze Statues:
Barlow Buford Burns Father Corby Crawford Doubleday Geary Gibbon
Greene Hays Humphreys Robinson Wadsworth
Warren Webb Wells
Other Individual Monuments:
Armistead Chapman Collis Cushing Fuller Rev. Howell Humiston Merwin
Nicholson
Sickles Taylor Vincent Ward Weed & Hazlett Willard Woolson Zook
Landmarks
Black Horse Tavern Cashtown Inn Dobbin House Evergreen Cemetery Jennie Wade House Lutheran Theological Seminary
McAllister's Mill Railroad Station Sachs Covered Bridge
Thompson House David Wills House
Farms: Codori Bliss Brian
Daniel Schaefer Hummelbaugh Klingle Lady Leister McLean McPherson
Rogers Rose Rummel Sherfy Slyder Snyder Taney Trostle George Weikert Wentz
Points of Interest
New Museum & Visitor Center Benner's Hill Cemetery Hill Copse of Trees Culp's Hill
Devil's Den Peach Orchard Little Round Top
Big Round Top Sachs Covered Bridge
Spangler's Spring East Cavalry Field Soldiers' National Cemetery National Cemetery Annex

Gone But Not Forgotten: Old Museum, Visitor Center, & Electric Map Old Cyclorama National Tower
 
Last edited:
Top