St. Francis Xavier, top right, first church to open its doors to wounded around noon, July 1st. The church sustained so much damage, much from blood dripping from boards laid over pews, it could not reopen until 1864. Union and Confederate surgeons worked here together on Union and Confederate wounded. Sisters of Charity drove through bloody puddles from July 3rd's shattering storm to begin the task at St. Francis Xavier of either gluing men back together or bearing witness as they left this planet.
From " Angels of The Battlefield " We can miss the angels in our midst. A community of largely Irish immigrants, Sisters of Charity raised their hands because it's what we're supposed to do. Uniform color, beliefs, race, nationality were all manifestations of earthly identities. When it came to healing wounds inflicted by war the Sisters acknowledged only one allegiance. And that we were all in this together.
I realize it's a religious quote but what else would it be? There's leeway. Perhaps the whole angel analogy is overdone but perhaps it's not. The Sisters of Charity from St. Joseph's House, Emmitsburg fit that description. Nuns can be easy to miss. Not only do they not speak of sacrifices undertaken to aid all of us, we'll never know who all of them were. " Hundreds of Sisters " lost their lives aiding wounded men between 1861 and 1865. Not a spy, Vivandier, female soldier or society belle among them. Like I said, easy to miss. Their example can't be." For he will command his angels concerning you to guard you in all your ways; they will lift you up in their hands, so that you will not strike your foot against a stone." Psalm 91
St. Francis Xavier Catholic Church in Gettysburg is too easy to walk by. We're just so used to it hunkered down there on High Street, its facade no longer plain brick but witness to more History than we can fathom. In 1863 Irish immigrant Reverend Father McGinnis was nearing the end of his two year service to the parish. By October he'd be transferred, around the time the church reopened for services after the war rolled over it. Well, swamped it in blood. Every church in town had opened its doors to wounded, all were damaged. They received 500 dollars to split between all of them. That was 40 years later.
In 1863 St. Francis Xavier was the first to throw open it's doors to welcome wounded men from both armies. Who answered the call from both armies? Sisters.
Those who served wounded there received nothing. Daughters of Charity would have refused payment for their work anyway and asked nothing when an army encamped on their doorstep in Emmitsburg, Maryland. Sisters fed 8,000 men, filled canteens,collected rosaries and religious medals for the Catholics among them and prayed with them. A place called Gettysburg was ten miles away. The soldiers were breaking camp for there the next morning.
"On July first the battle commenced about nine miles from Emmitsburg; it continued three days. Two hundred thousand men were in the field and on each side there were from one hundred to one hundred-thirty pieces of cannon. The roar of these agents of death and destruction was fearful in the extreme, and their smoke rising to heaven formed dense clouds as during a frightful tempest. The Army of the South was defeated and in their retreat left their dead and wounded on the battlefield. What number of victims perished during this bloody engagement? No one yet knows but it is estimated that the figures rise to 50,000!”
"thousands of guns and swords lying around. ... further on we saw many soldiers on horseback as silent almost as the dead who lay there ... The rain had filled the roads with water, and here it was red with blood. Our carriage wheels rolling through blood! Our horses could hardly be made to proceed on account of the horrid objects lying about them."
Sister Marie Louise Caufield, as wagons drove them closer and closer to Gettysburg
“To see the men lying dead on the road — some by the side of their horses. O, it was beyond description. Hundreds of both armies lying dead almost on the track so that the driver had to be careful not to pass over the bodies. O! this picture of human beings slaughtered down by their fellow men in a cruel civil war was perfectly awful.”
Sister Camilla O'Keefe
There's a reason this window was dedicated to the work there by our Sisters. They considered all men had souls hence were targets of compassion. Union and Confederate surgeons preserved a rigid, frigid cordiality as wounded from both armies were treated. The Sisters saw no uniforms, just the blood laying in pools under pews.
A snip from the window, the most important one. Sisters aiding wounded men from both sides during one the most monumental splits this country endured.
It was only ten miles, close enough for the battle to be heard. Father James Francis Burlando, Mother Ann Simeon Norris and 12 nuns packed themselves, food and medical supplies into wagons and left. Wagon wheels splashed through blood en route, dead and wounded lay where they'd fallen. The scene was so shattering Father Burlando dropped his charges at St. Francis Xavier, turned his wagon and went back to Emmitsburg. He returned again and yet again, Sisters and supplies.
There are copious descriptions of those nuns and their work at St. Francis Xavier those awful days. The church members included names familiar to us, Salome Myers and her family, and the Codori family. Nick Codori would be scooped up by the war, held prisoner and returned in 1865 to die days later. Lt. Henry Huidekoper who walked in from the battlefield, leaving us his eyewitness account ( thread somewhere ).
There's the famous story of one of the Sisters finding her wounded brother there. Irish immigrants, both raised their hand when someone called.
"Of all the forms of charity and benevolence seen in the crowded wards of the hospitals, those of some Catholic Sisters were among the most efficient. More lovely than anything I had ever seen in art, so long devoted to illustrations of love, mercy and charity, are the pictures that remain of these modest Sisters going on their errands of mercy among the suffering and the dying."
President Abraham Lincoln
Intent of the thread is those who answered the call for healing after one of the most shattering, mind numbingly violent encounters of the war. And why. Because humankind was their business, that's why.