Hardee's Order of Battle during Sherman's March

Luke Freet

First Sergeant
Forum Host
Joined
Nov 8, 2018
Location
Palm Coast, Florida
I remember getting a detailed OoB for Hardee's forces in South Georgia in a basic book about Franklin-Nashville and Sherman's March (I believe it was by Osprey Publishing). But It seems I've lost the copy I had back when I moved houses two years ago. I can't find a similar OoB online. Wikipedia has an OoB for Sherman's forces, but not the Confederates (it shows a red link on the Sherman's March page, so someone probably was gonna get around to making it but just never did, I assume), and google search is getting me zilch.

Does anyone have the OoB?
 

Lubliner

Captain
Forum Host
Joined
Nov 27, 2018
Location
Chattanooga, Tennessee
Official Records, Series 1, Volume 44, page 875-876;
Organization of troops in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, commanded by Lieutenant General William J. Hardee, November 20, 1864:
MOLAWS' DIVISION. May. Gen. Lafayette McLaws. 1st Georgia Regulars, Col. Richard A. Wayne.
Barnwell's (Georgia) Light Artillery, Col. Richard A. Wayne.
22d Georgia Battalion (six companies), Maj. Thomas D. Bertody.
27th Georgia Battalion, Company D, Lieut. W. K. McLaws.
29th Georgia Battalion Cavalry (six companies), Capt. .J. T. Wimberly.
3d South Carolina Cavalry (eight companies), Capt. A. M. Lowry.
Symons' Reserves (ten companies), Maj. .John Cunningham.
Beaufort (South Carolina) Artillery, Lieut. John J. Rhodes.
Bonaud's (Georgia) Battalion (two companies), Capt. Malcolm T. McGregor.
Terrell (Georgia) Light Artillery, Capt. John W. Brooks.
Clinch's (Georgia) Light Artillery (two companies), Maj. George VV. Anderson.
Cobb Guards (two companies), Maj. Alfred L. Hartridge.
Daniell's (Georgia) Light Battery, Capt. J. A. Maxwell
Guerard's (Georgia) Light Battery, Capt. J. A. Maxwell.
Maxwell's (Georgia) Light Battery, Capt. J. A. Maxwell
German (South Carolina) Artillery, Company A, Capt. F. W. Wagener.
German (South Carolina) Artillery, Capt. William K. Bachman.
Hanleiter's (Georgia) Battery, Capt. Cornelius R. Hanleiter.
South Carolina Horse Artillery (section), Lieut. Richard Johnson.
Lafayette (South Carolina) Artillery, Capt. J.T. Kanapanx.
Mercer (Georgia) Artillery, Lieut. Col. William R. Pritchard.
2d Engineer Troops, Company D, Capt. James W, McAlpine.
RIPLEY'S BRIGADE.
Brig. Gen. Roswell. S. Ripley.
32d Georgia Volunteers (seven companies and detachment), Capt. S.J. Heath.
1st South Carolina Regulars (ten companies), Col. William Butler.
1st South Carolina Cavalry, Company K, Capt. Angus V. Brown.
Keitt's (South Carolina); Mounted Rifles, Capt. Ellison S. Keitt.
Ripley (South Carolina) Rangers, Lieut. C. P. Bolton.
1st South Carolina Artillery (seven companies), Maj. Ormsby Blanding.
Gist Guards (South Carolina) Artillery, Lieut. Theodore G. Boag.
TRAPIER'S BRIGADE.
Brig. Gen. .Tames H. Trapier.
Kirk's Squadron (South Carolina) Cavalry (two companies), Capt. M. J. Kirk.
Steele's Company (South Carolina) Cavalry, Capt. J. J. Steele.
German (South Carolina) Artillery, Company B, Capt. F. Melchers.
Santee (South Carolina) Light Artillery, Capt. Christopher Gaillard.
Waccamaw (South Carolina) Light Artillery, Capt. Mayham Ward.
ROBERTSON'S BRIGADE.
Brig. Gen. Beverly H. Robertson.
3d South Carolina Cavalry, Company B, Capt. Archibald L. Campbell.
Stono (South Carolina) Scouts, Capt. John B. L. Walpole.
2d South Carolina Artillery (two companies), Capt. Medicus Rickenbaker.
Marion (South Carolina) Artillery, Capt. Edward L. Parker.
Palmetto Battery Light Artillery (three companies), Capt. Charles E. Kanapaux.
Washington (South Carolina) Artillery, Capt. George H. Walter.
Mathewes' (South Carolina) Heavy Artillery, Capt. J. Raven Mathewes.
South Carolina Siege Train, Company A, Capt. Benjamin C. Webb.
TALIAFERRO'S BRIGADE.
Brig. Gen. William H. Taliaferro.
47th Georgia (six companies), Col. Aaron C. Edwards.
1st South Carolina Cavalry (nine companies),
Palmetto Light Artillery, Company E, Lieut. Col. William H. Campbell.
South Carolina Siege Train (two companies), Lt. Col. Joseph A. Yates
1st South Carolina Artillery (three companies), Lt. Col. Joseph A. Yates
Bonaud's Battalion Georgia Volunteers, Lt. Col. Joseph A. Yates
2d South Carolina Artillery (eight companies), Col. A. D. Frederick.
Lucas' (South Carolina) Battalion (three companies), Maj. J. Jonathan Lucas.
Chatham (Georgia) Artillery, Lieut. Samuel B. Palmer.
Orleans Guard Battery, Capt. G. Le Gardeur, Jr.
MILLER'S BRIGADE,
Brig. Gen. William Miller.
Battalion Florida Reserves, Capt. Isaac B. Nichols.
2d Florida Cavalry (ten companies), Lieut. Col. Abner H. McCormick.
5th Florida Battalion (three companies), Capt. W. H. Milton.
29th Georgia Battalion (two companies), Capt. F. L. Pepper.
Independent (Florida) Cavalry Company, Capt. Chisolm.
Florida Reserves (seven companies), Capt. Gilchrist.
Abell's (Florida) Artillery, Capt. Henry F. Abell.
Kilcrease (Florida) Light Artillery, Capt. F. L. Villepigue.
Campbell's (Georgia) Siege Artillery, Capt. Charles G. Campbell.
POST OF FLORENCE, S. C.
Col. George P. Harrison, Jr.
1st South Carolina Cavalry, Capt. J. S. Wilson.
3d Battalion South Carolina Reserves, Maj. William P. Gill.
4th Battalion South Carolina Reserves, Lieut. Col. .James H. Williams.
5th Battalion South Carolina Reserves, Lieut. Col. Thomas R. Brown.
6th Battalion South Carolina Reserves, Maj. Robert Meriwether.
7th Battalion South Carolina Reserves, Maj. J. W. Ward.
POST OF COLUMBIA, S. C.,
Lieut. Col. Robert S. Means.
South Carolina Reserves (five companies), Capt. Edward Powell.
Williams' Battalion (South Carolina) State Reserves (two companies), Lieut. John McCarley.
Detachment of Artillery Lieut. Holyland.
Post Guard, Capt. Rufus D. Senn.
Provost Guard, Capt. D. H. Hamilton.

Lubliner.
 

Luke Freet

First Sergeant
Forum Host
Joined
Nov 8, 2018
Location
Palm Coast, Florida
Official Records, Series 1, Volume 44, page 875-876;
Organization of troops in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, commanded by Lieutenant General William J. Hardee, November 20, 1864:
MOLAWS' DIVISION. May. Gen. Lafayette McLaws. 1st Georgia Regulars, Col. Richard A. Wayne.
Barnwell's (Georgia) Light Artillery, Col. Richard A. Wayne.
22d Georgia Battalion (six companies), Maj. Thomas D. Bertody.
27th Georgia Battalion, Company D, Lieut. W. K. McLaws.
29th Georgia Battalion Cavalry (six companies), Capt. .J. T. Wimberly.
3d South Carolina Cavalry (eight companies), Capt. A. M. Lowry.
Symons' Reserves (ten companies), Maj. .John Cunningham.
Beaufort (South Carolina) Artillery, Lieut. John J. Rhodes.
Bonaud's (Georgia) Battalion (two companies), Capt. Malcolm T. McGregor.
Terrell (Georgia) Light Artillery, Capt. John W. Brooks.
Clinch's (Georgia) Light Artillery (two companies), Maj. George VV. Anderson.
Cobb Guards (two companies), Maj. Alfred L. Hartridge.
Daniell's (Georgia) Light Battery, Capt. J. A. Maxwell
Guerard's (Georgia) Light Battery, Capt. J. A. Maxwell.
Maxwell's (Georgia) Light Battery, Capt. J. A. Maxwell
German (South Carolina) Artillery, Company A, Capt. F. W. Wagener.
German (South Carolina) Artillery, Capt. William K. Bachman.
Hanleiter's (Georgia) Battery, Capt. Cornelius R. Hanleiter.
South Carolina Horse Artillery (section), Lieut. Richard Johnson.
Lafayette (South Carolina) Artillery, Capt. J.T. Kanapanx.
Mercer (Georgia) Artillery, Lieut. Col. William R. Pritchard.
2d Engineer Troops, Company D, Capt. James W, McAlpine.
RIPLEY'S BRIGADE.
Brig. Gen. Roswell. S. Ripley.
32d Georgia Volunteers (seven companies and detachment), Capt. S.J. Heath.
1st South Carolina Regulars (ten companies), Col. William Butler.
1st South Carolina Cavalry, Company K, Capt. Angus V. Brown.
Keitt's (South Carolina); Mounted Rifles, Capt. Ellison S. Keitt.
Ripley (South Carolina) Rangers, Lieut. C. P. Bolton.
1st South Carolina Artillery (seven companies), Maj. Ormsby Blanding.
Gist Guards (South Carolina) Artillery, Lieut. Theodore G. Boag.
TRAPIER'S BRIGADE.
Brig. Gen. .Tames H. Trapier.
Kirk's Squadron (South Carolina) Cavalry (two companies), Capt. M. J. Kirk.
Steele's Company (South Carolina) Cavalry, Capt. J. J. Steele.
German (South Carolina) Artillery, Company B, Capt. F. Melchers.
Santee (South Carolina) Light Artillery, Capt. Christopher Gaillard.
Waccamaw (South Carolina) Light Artillery, Capt. Mayham Ward.
ROBERTSON'S BRIGADE.
Brig. Gen. Beverly H. Robertson.
3d South Carolina Cavalry, Company B, Capt. Archibald L. Campbell.
Stono (South Carolina) Scouts, Capt. John B. L. Walpole.
2d South Carolina Artillery (two companies), Capt. Medicus Rickenbaker.
Marion (South Carolina) Artillery, Capt. Edward L. Parker.
Palmetto Battery Light Artillery (three companies), Capt. Charles E. Kanapaux.
Washington (South Carolina) Artillery, Capt. George H. Walter.
Mathewes' (South Carolina) Heavy Artillery, Capt. J. Raven Mathewes.
South Carolina Siege Train, Company A, Capt. Benjamin C. Webb.
TALIAFERRO'S BRIGADE.
Brig. Gen. William H. Taliaferro.
47th Georgia (six companies), Col. Aaron C. Edwards.
1st South Carolina Cavalry (nine companies),
Palmetto Light Artillery, Company E, Lieut. Col. William H. Campbell.
South Carolina Siege Train (two companies), Lt. Col. Joseph A. Yates
1st South Carolina Artillery (three companies), Lt. Col. Joseph A. Yates
Bonaud's Battalion Georgia Volunteers, Lt. Col. Joseph A. Yates
2d South Carolina Artillery (eight companies), Col. A. D. Frederick.
Lucas' (South Carolina) Battalion (three companies), Maj. J. Jonathan Lucas.
Chatham (Georgia) Artillery, Lieut. Samuel B. Palmer.
Orleans Guard Battery, Capt. G. Le Gardeur, Jr.
MILLER'S BRIGADE,
Brig. Gen. William Miller.
Battalion Florida Reserves, Capt. Isaac B. Nichols.
2d Florida Cavalry (ten companies), Lieut. Col. Abner H. McCormick.
5th Florida Battalion (three companies), Capt. W. H. Milton.
29th Georgia Battalion (two companies), Capt. F. L. Pepper.
Independent (Florida) Cavalry Company, Capt. Chisolm.
Florida Reserves (seven companies), Capt. Gilchrist.
Abell's (Florida) Artillery, Capt. Henry F. Abell.
Kilcrease (Florida) Light Artillery, Capt. F. L. Villepigue.
Campbell's (Georgia) Siege Artillery, Capt. Charles G. Campbell.
POST OF FLORENCE, S. C.
Col. George P. Harrison, Jr.
1st South Carolina Cavalry, Capt. J. S. Wilson.
3d Battalion South Carolina Reserves, Maj. William P. Gill.
4th Battalion South Carolina Reserves, Lieut. Col. .James H. Williams.
5th Battalion South Carolina Reserves, Lieut. Col. Thomas R. Brown.
6th Battalion South Carolina Reserves, Maj. Robert Meriwether.
7th Battalion South Carolina Reserves, Maj. J. W. Ward.
POST OF COLUMBIA, S. C.,
Lieut. Col. Robert S. Means.
South Carolina Reserves (five companies), Capt. Edward Powell.
Williams' Battalion (South Carolina) State Reserves (two companies), Lieut. John McCarley.
Detachment of Artillery Lieut. Holyland.
Post Guard, Capt. Rufus D. Senn.
Provost Guard, Capt. D. H. Hamilton.

Lubliner.
Thank you. This is helpful.
I know it also included G. W. Smith's Militia Division and Wheeler's Cavalry.
 

danny

Sergeant
Joined
Feb 20, 2005
Location
Hattiesburg
The organization of troops for Hardee on Nov. 20, 1864 shown above is a long time stand by and I rely on it a lot.

However, Hardee's force was compiled of the flotsam and jetsam of the Confederacy. As such, the organizations were necessarily provisional and fluid [to say the least].

I have compiled a summary of notes concerning Hardee's force extending to about Dec. 21; the day Savannah was evacuated. This is down and dirty minutiae, but still instructive to follow the evolution of Hardee's command. Grab a cup of coffee and follow along; if you are so inclined.

[Wish this table was a bit more specific]
Left Sector-Wright
[vice Mercer on 12/10]
Center-McLaws
Right-Anderson/Smith
[approx. 12/11]-2700 men/ 32 guns3750 men/ 29 gunsGen Smith arrives 12/1-2000 men/ 20 guns

J K Jackson [1500]
Lewis-cdg on the left[2] Btrys-Arty
Col Von Zinken LocalsLewis' Bgde 590 eff Incl 1st Ga Regulars[2] sections-Arty
Columbus arsenals2 Ky Mtd InfHamilton Arty Bn-dtchmt
Columbus workshops4 Ky Mtd Inf
Other workshops [Macon, etc.]9 Ky Mtd Inf
Savanna local reservesLewis DC
Dismtd from Ferguson Bgde-12/161 Ga Inf Reglrs [of Fizer-to Lewis for siege]Gen Smith arrives 12/1 apparently divided into Carswell and Anderson Bgdes
1st Division Ga Militia
Brooks' Btry4 Tn Cav dtchmtCarswell-1st Bgde
Guerard Btry,12 SC Cav [Bn?] dtchmtThompson-2nd Bgde
sctns -Maxwell & Barnwell BtrysWorthen NC Bn
C D Anderson-3rd Bgde
dtchmt of Major Hamilton arty Bn5 Ga Inf Reserves
[of Cummings?]
[4th Bgde? -dtchmt?]
3 Ga Bn Reserves
[of Cummings?]

Mercer [1200]Cook [K]-Athens Bn [but see also Mercer]1 Ga State Line
Clemon's Bn Augusta local Infy2 Ga State Line
Baker-cdg on the right
Baker Bgde 1922 effCadet Bn
Browne Local BgdeSC Arty troopsMilitia Btry
Adams' Athens BnGa Arty troopsConfederate Btry
Jackson Augusta Bn [locals]NC troopsHamilton Arty Bn
Nisbet-1st Regt Augusta Locals
Griffin 55 Ga [3 Co’s]Joining Smith circa 12/7
Barnes' Arty Co [Augusta]A L Hartridge [to Sea face 12/14]
Brooks' Foreign Bn27 Ga Bn [250] Hartridge
Cummings Bgde [?]
608 eff
NC Bn [?] [350]
Howard Local Bn [150]
Abel Btry

12/2 the 10th​ NC Hvy Arty Bn reached Savannah where it joined Gen Hardee’s force located about 45 miles from the city. Sherman’s advance forced Hardee to retreat closer to Savannah where on 12/8 the 10th found itself in the defensive perimeter of the city. At this time, the Bn became part of a temporary Bgde commanded by Col Hardy, of the 50th NC Regt. They remained in these lines until 12/20 when they were evacuated, withdrawing through Savannah to Hardeeville, SC & continuing to serve as part of Hardy’s Bgde.
A contemporary publication Dec 1864, says: "At the late battle of Harrison's Old Field, this was an advance position, 14 miles from Savannah. Major Stevenson was in command with:
-a part of his own Bn, (36th NC)
-& parts of the 50th NC
-& 40th NC & 10th NC Bns

12/8/64 S O #2/ III, Savannah, By order of Lt-Gen Hardee-Brooks' foreign Bn is transferred from Cumming's Bgde, McLaws' Div, to Harrison's Bgde, Smith's Div.

----12/18 Savannah, Hardee to Gen Sam Jones: Send back to Florence all that part of Brooks' Foreign Bn now at Summerville, under guard, & turn them over to the officer cdg Federal prisoners, to be confined as prisoners of war. Order the officers to rejoin their commands

12/15 Charleston, Beauregard to Gen Cooper: Gen Hardee reports at Savannah, on the 9th, his effectives of all arms at about 10,000. Gen Jones reports from Pocataligo, on 12th, his effectives of all arms at about 5,500. There is no report from Gen Wheeler, but his forces must be about 3,000

12/20 Enclosure-Memorandum of orders to be issued by Lt-Gen Hardee immediately after the evacuation of Savannah
12/20/64 Mil Div of the West, Pocataligo-

I. Gen G. W. Smith will proceed immediately with his command to Charleston & thence to Augusta, after being relieved by other troops, as hereinafter directed.

II. Gen McLaws' Div (the senior cdg) & Col Anderson's Bgde (preceding) will proceed immediately to Charleston & relive Gen G. W. Smith's Div.

III. Gen Wright's Div & Gen Chestnut's command (about 1,500 men), consisting of SC reserves & 2nd, 3rd, & 4th SC Militia, to the 4th Military Sub-District, a reserve of about 500 men being stationed at Green Pond & another of like number near Adams' Run. Gen Robertson will report to Gen Wright for temporary duty, to advise as to disposition of troops, & then to be assigned to duty as circumstances may require.

IV. Col G. P. Harrison's & Col A. C. Edwards' Bgdes to be stationed on the left bank of the Combahee, guarding the several passages (about six) across that river, to Barnwell CH; Gen Young’s' command to be increased by the 7th Ga Cav (dismtd), Col E. C. Anderson, Jr., cdg, as reserves at or near Blue House, between the Combahee & Ashepoo Rivers.

V. The 3rd SC Cav & Kirk's Sqdrn will cover the left (or coast) flank of the retiring troops. After crossing the Combahee Major Jenkins, with Capt’s Seabrook's & Peeples' Co’s 3rd SC Cav, will take post on John's Island, & Capt Kirk's Sqdrn will proceed, via Charleston to Christ Church Parish & take post near & northeast of Mount Pleasant.

VI. Gen Wheeler's Corps (that part of it east of Savannah River, & the remainder if it should come up) will guard crossings of the Savannah & New Rivers & the landings east of Screven's Cause way until forced by the enemy to retire. He will then guard & defend the country between the Savannah River & the defensive line of the Combahee & the right flank of that line, resting at or rear Barnwell CH, & extending by the shortest defensible line to the Savannah River, covering Augusta.

VII. Col Gonzales will assign the field Arty now in SC to the most appropriate positions for the defense of the 4th Sub-District & the line of the Combahee, from Salkehatchie bridge to the coast, taking care to assign the Btrys to the positions with which their respective cdrs are most familiar. He will assign, subject to Gen Hardee's approval, the field Btrys coming from Savannah, as circumstances may indicate, for the best defense of the line of the Combahee, the 4th Sub-District, & Augusta.

VIII. As soon as the service of Gen Taliaferro can be spared from the duty on which he is now engaged, he will proceed to James Island & resume his former command, assigning to their appropriate positions the troops of Gen McLaws' Div & Col Anderson's Bgde, destined for that island.

IX. As soon as McLaws’ Div moves from Hardeeville he will immediately proceed to Pocataligo & relive Maj Gen Sam Jones, & take the immediate command of the troops on the line of the Combahee.

X. On being relieved by McLaws, Jones will proceed to Charleston & resume his command & enter on the duties designated by S O # -, from Dept Hqs

12/21 (Received 22d) Hardeeville, Hardee to Jefferson Davis: On the 19th the enemy forced a landing on the SC side, so near my communication that to save the garrison it became necessary to give up the city. Its evacuation was successfully accomplished last night. All the light Arty & most of the stores, munitions, &c., were brought off. I learn that there is a misapprehension as to the force disposable for the defense of Savannah. It summed up, land side & water side, militia, reserve, dismtd Cav, local & details, 9,089



12/22/64 Hardeeville, By order of Lt-Gen Hardee


The following disposition of troops will be carried into effect with the least practicable delay:

I. Gen G. W. Smith's command, consisting of a Div of Ga militia, & including Pruden's Btry, will proceed to Augusta, via Charleston.

II. Gen McLaws' Div, under command of Gen Baker, & Col E. C. Anderson's Bgde, the latter taking precedence, will proceed to Charleston & report to Gen Ransom for duty on James Island.

III. Gen Wright's Div & Gen Chestnut’s command-the latter consisting of SC reserves & the 2nd, 3rd, & 4th SC Militia-will proceed to the 4th Mil. Sub-District of SC.

Gen Wright will have command & of the district, & will station a reserve force of 500 men at Green Pond, & a like number at Adams' Run Station. Gen B. H. Robertson will report to Gen Wright, to give him such assistance in the disposition of troops as his knowledge of the country will enable him to do, & will afterward be assigned to duty as circumstances may require.

IV. Gen McLaws, as soon as his Div, as heretofore directed, shall move from Hardeeville, will proceed to Pocataligo & relieve Gen S. Jones, & take immediate command of the forces on the line of the Combahee.

V. Gen S. Jones, upon being relieved by McLaws, will proceed to Charleston assume command of his district, & enter upon the duties designated in--- from these Hqs.

VI. Gen Wheeler's Cav Corps (that part of it east of the Savannah River & the remainder should it come up) will guard the crossing of the Savannah & New Rivers & the landing east of Screven's Causeway until forced by the enemy to retire. Gen Wheeler will then guard & defend the country between the Savannah River & the defensive line of the Combahee & the right flank of that line, resting at or near Barnwell CH.

VII. Col’s G. P. Harrison & A. C. Edwards will report to McLaws for assignment to Bgdes, which will be stationed on the left bank of the Combahee, to guard the crossing of that river, to Barnwell CH.

VIII. The 7th Ga Cav (dismtd), Col E. C. Anderson cdg, is assigned to Young's Bgde. The 3rd SC Cav & Kirk's Sqdrn will cover the left (or coast) flank of the retiring troops; & after crossing the Combahee Capt’s Seabrook's & Peeples' Co’s 3rd SC Cav, under command of Major Jenkins, will take post on John's Island, & Kirk's Sqdrn will proceed, via Charleston to Christ Church Parish & take post near & northeast of Mount Pleasant.

IX. The Btrys of light Arty will report as follows: Brooks' Barnwell's, & Wagener's Btrys to Gen McLaws, at Hardeeville; Abell's Btry for duty at Honey Hill, & Anderson's Btry to cdg officer at Coosawatchie; Daniell's, Hanleiter's, Guerard's, & Maxwell's Btrys will report, at Pocataligo, to Col A. J. Gonzales, chief of Arty, who will, with the approval of the Lt-Gen cdg, assign them to position the most appropriate for the defense of the 4th Mil. Sub-District & the line of the Combahee, from Salkehatchie bridge to the coast.

X. Gen Taliaferro will proceed to James Island, resume command of Sub-Dist 3, & will be prepared to put in position the troops of McLaws' Div & Anderson's Bgde, destined for that island.


12/21/64 McLaws’ Div-Special Field Orders #9-Col J. C. Fiser, is assigned to the command of a Bgde composed of the following troops:
1st Ga Regulars, Col Wayne
Symon’s Regt of Reserves
27th Ga Bn & Cobb Guards, Maj Hartridge cdg

12/22 #18 Hardeeville, By order of Lt-Gen Hardee
I. Symons' Regt & the 27th Bn Ga Reserves, & the two Co’s of Cobb Guards, will not be included in what is known as McLaws' Div, but will report to Gen McLaws for duty on the line to which he has been assigned in Special Field Orders, #17, from these Hqs.
 

danny

Sergeant
Joined
Feb 20, 2005
Location
Hattiesburg
Further to my preceding post [aka more minutiae]

1604354266775.png

1604354296916.png



11/30 Honey Hill, S C

The defense of the Savannah & Charleston RR was the responsibility of the 3rd​ SC Military District cdr, Lt Col Colcock

Alerted by the vedettes, the 32nd​ Ga & 47th​ Ga Regts were ordered by Hardee (in Savannah) from Charleston to Grahamville via the Savannah & Charleston RR.

Chestnut’s 350-man SC Reserve Regt in Augusta was ordered to Grahamville but would not arrive until midnight on the day of battle,

-while Baker’s 1,960-man NC Bgde traveling from NC would began arriving just before daybreak on the day after the battle.

The nearest Infy units that could reach the area in time were the 1,880-man Ga Militia Bgdes & Bns under the command of G. W. Smith, presently on a northbound train heading for Savannah. Smith’s entire Ga Militia Div was scheduled to make the trip to Savannah from Macon but a lack of rolling stock limited all but two Bgdes & two Bns from making the journey. The train carrying the Ga Militia units arrived in Savannah at 0200 on the day of battle.

Gen Robertson’s reinforcements arrived on the field at 1630 as the battle sputtered to a halt. They were held as a reserve in case the battle resumed.

Colcock's 3rd​ SC Mil Dist [most troops now at Savannah River]

1400 Infy, 5 guns & Cav

Maj Jenkins-3rd SC Cav [dtchmt of 2 Co’s & parts of 2 Co’s]

Sctn from DePass Btry

Sctn from Beaufort Btry

Sctn from Lafayette Btry

1 gun from Kanapaux Btry


Others:

Col Willis-1st Bgde Ga Militia

Col Wilson-Ga State Line Bgde

Cook-Athens Bn

Jackson-Augusta Bn

Lt Col Edwards-47th Ga

Lt Col Bacon-32nd Ga

Joining after action:

Chestnut's SC Reserves

Baker's NC Bgde

[Hardy's NC Bgde]



Honey Hill Order of Battle from: http://docsouth.unc.edu/jonescharles/jones.html

The following organizations were present on this memorable occasion, & constituted the little CS army charged with driving back a Federal force more than three times as numerous.

INFY

The 1st Bgde Ga Militia: Col Willis.

The State Line Bgde [Ga] Col Wilson.

The 17th [47th​] Ga Lt Col Edwards.

The 32d Lt Col Bacon.

The Athens Bn . . . Major Cook.

The Augusta . . . Major Jackson.

CAV

Co’s B & E, & dtchmts from Co C & the Rebel Troop, all belonging to the 3rd SC Cav, under command of Major Jenkins.

ARTY

A section of the Beaufort Arty, Capt Stuart.

" . . . . ." . . . . ." . . . . DePass' Light Btry.

" . . . . ." . . . . ." . . . . . the Lafayette Arty.

One gun from Kanapaux's Light Btry.


Honey Hill CSA Order of Battle from: http://www.dcnyhistory.org/gary/orders.html

Units Defending the Charleston & Savannah RR
3rd SC Cav, (Co I)
Ga State Militia, 1st Bgde-portion
Ga State Line Bgde-portion
47th Ga
32d Ga
Athens, Ga Bn
Augusta, Ga Bn

& from Gen GW Smith's report at: http://www.dcnyhistory.org/gary/hh-smith.html

About 4.30 p. m. Gen Robertson arrived with a portion of the 32nd Ga from Charleston, a Btry, & a Co of Cav. These constituted an effective reserve, but came up too late to be used in the action.

At midnight Gen Chestnut arrived at Grahamville Station with about 350 eff muskets of SC reserves, & a little before daylight upon morning of Dec 1, Gen Baker came up with 860 of his Bgde from NC; the remainder of his command (about 1,100) reached Coosawhatchie at 9 o'clock

Arriving after battle:

SC Reserve Regt

Baker’s NC Bgde

Robertson’s Bgde

Balance of Ga Militia Div

Although severely repulsed at Honey Hill on 11/30, the Federals within a short time set on foot new expeditions with a view to obtaining possession of the Charleston & Savannah RR.

12/1 Mary Preston writes-At Coosawhatchie, the Yankees are landing in great force. Our troops down there are raw militia, old men & boys never under fire before; some college cadets, in all a mere handful. The cradle & the grave have been robbed by us, they say. Sherman goes to Savannah & not to Augusta.

12/4 Hardee to Sam Jones-Make your Hqs at Pocotaligo, or some other convenient point, & take immediate charge of the forces for the defense of the Charleston & Savannah RR.

The troops in that vicinity, under Gen Jones' command, consisted of the 5th & 47th Ga Regts, a Bn of the 32d Ga Regt, a portion of the 3d Regt SC Cav, Kirk's sqdrn of Cav, some SC reserves & militia, some Ga reserves, & several Btrys of light Arty. These forces were distributed at various points extending from Pocotaligo to the Savannah River, & along the left bank of that river to Sisters ferry, & above. Those concentrated at & near Grahamville were under the immediate command of Gen Chesnut, & those stationed at & near Coosawhatchie were commanded by Gen Gartrell. The reserves were poorly organized & imperfectly drilled. The militia was to a great extent undisciplined & lacked arms.

12/4 Pocotaligo Sam Jones [in support of Hardee]

12/4 Hardee to Sam Jones-Reinforcements are needed at Pocotaligo immediately; see that they are sent.

Chestnut --Gartrell --B H Robertson [later]

3 SC Cav [dtchmt]

Kirk's SC Cav sqdrn

Chestnut's SC Reserves

SC Militia

Gartrell Ga Reserves

Btrys

5 Ga

32 Ga [Bn of]

47 Ga

Reinforced by:

1st SC Arty [1 Co]

White-SC Cadet Bn

NC Reserves Bn

Btry

12/5/64 Lee to Davis-I have received the dispatch from Gen Bragg of the 4th forwarded to me by Mr. B. N. Harrison, stating that there is still time for him to receive any assistance that can be spared. On 11/27 Gen Whiting informed me that Gen Bragg had carried with him 2,700 of the best troops from Wilmington. Since that he has ordered to Charleston a Regt of the NC reserves, & I do not think, as far as I can judge, that more troops can be taken with propriety, unless we were certain that all danger of an attack was removed from that point. In addition, I sent Gen Young with about 400 Cav men (without horses) & ordered all those previously sent to Ga & SC to report to him at Augusta, which Hampton thinks will give him about 800 mounted men, which I thought would strengthen the Cav very much in that Dept. Gen Baker has also gone to Gen Bragg, so that he will have another good Cav cdr. I fear I can do nothing more under present circumstances.

12/6/64 Augusta, to Gen Hardee: Wheeler so far off he could not cross river in time. Gen Young's Bgde (250 mounted, 550 dismtd) moves today by rail to Pocotaligo, to observe left bank Savannah

12/6 during the night of the 6th, Gen Jones concentrated on the Charleston & Savannah RR, near the Tullifinny trestle,

The 47th Ga Regt,

A Bn of the 32nd Ga,

A Co of the 1st SC Arty,

Major White's Bn of cadets,

A Bn of NC Reserves which had just arrived,

& Bachman's Btry of light Arty,

& ordered Col Edwards, the senior Col, to attack the enemy with this force at daylight in the morning-Gen Gartrell was directed to make a spirited demonstration from Coosawhatchie as soon as he should hear Col Edwards's guns: &, if Col Edwards's movement proved successful, to press forward with the attack. Both attacks failed of their object; & Gen Jones, believing that he had not a sufficient number of reliable troops to justify him in renewing the assault, endeavored by defensive works to hold the RR. Meanwhile, the enemy was busily occupied in strengthening their position.



12/6 Tullifinny engagement

Military District of SC - Maj Gen Samuel Jones, Cdg; Brig Gen Lucius J. Gartrell

Units [900 men]
5th Ga Infy

32d Ga Infy

47th Ga Infy

SC Bn of State Cadets

Charleston German Light Arty

Bachmann's Arty
 

JSylvester

Private
Joined
Jul 28, 2021
Thank you for the enlightening work of the previous posters. I have taken the liberty of creating a reasonably detailed OOB from the information provided and the sources mentioned at the end. The numbers regarding manpower and guns are mostly taken from the sources, but are based in small parts on estimates. Since the sources for Sherman's March are very fragmented and contradictory, I make no final claim to complete accuracy. Corrections and comments are always welcome!

Confederate Order of Battle, Sherman's March, 23,400 men (81 guns)

Wheeler`s Cavalry Corps, MG Joseph Wheeler, 5,800


Col Charles C. Crews
1, 2, 3, 6 GA Cav Reg

Col James Hagan
1, 3, 9, 12, 51 AL Cav Reg

Col Thomas Harrison
3 AR, 8 TN, 8, 11 TX Cav Reg

Col Henry M. Ashby
1, 2, 5 TN Cav Reg, 9 TN Cav Bn

BG Robert H. Anderson
3, 8, 10 CS, 5 GA Cav Reg

BG George G. Dibrell
4, 13 TN Cav Reg, Shaw`s TN Cav Bn

Col Moses W. Hannon
11 GA, 53 AL Cav Reg, 24 AL Cav Bn

LTG William J. Hardee, 12,800 (81)

1st Division, Georgia Militia, MG Gustavus W. Smith, 3,800 (20)

BG Reuben W. Carswell, 900
1, 2, 3 GA Militia Reg

Ltc Dexter B.Thompson, 500
4, 5, 6 GA Militia Reg

BG Charles D. Anderson, 1,100
7, 8, 9 GA Militia Reg

BG Henry K. McCay, 400
10, 11, 12 GA Militia Reg

Howard`s GA Bn, Cpt Howard (late December), 500

Art, 400 (20)
Anderson`s Battery, Lt Brown
Artillery Company, Cpt Tiller,
Detachment, Cpt Austin,
Abell`s Light Battery, Cpt Abell

McLaws' Division, MG Lafayette McLaws, 4,400 (29)

BG Laurence S. Baker, 2,200
50 NC Reg, 10, 36, 40 NC Bn

BG Joseph H. Lewis, 1,600
2, 4, 9 KY Mtd 600
Worthen's NC Bn 200
Col Alfred Cumming: Symons' 1, 3, 5 GA Res Reg 800

Art, 600 (29)
Terrell Artillery, Cpt Brooks
22 GA Bn Art, Co C, Cpt Bealls
22 GA Bn Art, Co D, Cpt Manning
Daniell`s Light Battery, Cpt Daniell
Guerard`s Light Battery, Cpt Guerard
Jo Thompson Artillery, Cpt Hanleiter
Lafayette Light Artillery, Cpt McGregor

Wright's Division, MG Wright, 3,600 (32)

BG Hugh Mercer, 1,300
Brownes Local Brigade, Col Browne (1,100)
Athens, Augusta Res Bn, Nisbet's Local Defense Reg, 55 GA, Barnes' Art Co, Brook's Foreign Bn
Clemon's Bn Augusta Local Inf (200)

BG John K. Jackson, 2,000
Von Zinkens Local Reserves, Col Von Zinken (1,200)
BG Samuel W. Ferguson (600)
2, 56 AL Cav, 9, 11 MS Cav, 10 MS Cav Bn
Savannah Local Reserves, Maj Shellman (200)

Art, 300 (32)
Barnwell`s Light Battery, Cpt Barnwell
Artillery Battalion, Maj Hamilton

Not Brigaded, 1,000

Rose Dew Post, ?, 400
Red Bluff Garrison, Cpt McGregor, 100
Oglethorpe Barracks, Maj Cunningham, 300
Troops at Thunderbolt, Ltc McLaws, 200

Miscellaneous 4,800

Georgia State Line, Col James D. Wilson, 500
1, 2 GA State Line

GMI Cadets, Maj Francis W. Capers, 200

BG Pierce M. B. Young, 800
7 GA, Cobb's GA Legion Cav, Phillips' GA Legion Cav, Jeff Davis Legion Cav

BG Beverly H. Robertson, 900
3 SC Cav, Stono Scouts, 2 SC Art (2 Co), Marion SC Art, Palmetto Battery Light Art (3 Co), Washington SC Art, Mathewes`SC Heavy Art, SC Siege Train Co A

BG James H. Trapier, 400
Kirk's Sq SC Cav (2 Co), Steele's Co SC Cav, German SC Art Co A, Santee SC Light Art, Waccamaw SC Light Art

Col George P. Harrison, 900
5, 32, 47 GA

Col John C. Fiser, 1,100
1 GA Reg, 6 GA Res, 27 GA Batt, Cobb Guards Batt, Maj Hartridge' Command

Sources:
DuBose, General Joseph Wheeler and the Army of Tennessee
Trudeau, Southern Storm: Sherman`s March to the Sea
Smith/Hook, Sherman's March to the Sea 1864: Atlanta to Savannah
Dodson, Campaigns of Wheeler and his cavalry 1862-1865
 

danny

Sergeant
Joined
Feb 20, 2005
Location
Hattiesburg
Thank you for the enlightening work of the previous posters. I have taken the liberty of creating a reasonably detailed OOB from the information provided and the sources mentioned at the end. The numbers regarding manpower and guns are mostly taken from the sources, but are based in small parts on estimates. Since the sources for Sherman's March are very fragmented and contradictory, I make no final claim to complete accuracy. Corrections and comments are always welcome!

Confederate Order of Battle, Sherman's March, 23,400 men (81 guns)

Wheeler`s Cavalry Corps, MG Joseph Wheeler, 5,800


Col Charles C. Crews
1, 2, 3, 6 GA Cav Reg

Col James Hagan
1, 3, 9, 12, 51 AL Cav Reg

Col Thomas Harrison
3 AR, 8 TN, 8, 11 TX Cav Reg

Col Henry M. Ashby
1, 2, 5 TN Cav Reg, 9 TN Cav Bn

BG Robert H. Anderson
3, 8, 10 CS, 5 GA Cav Reg

BG George G. Dibrell
4, 13 TN Cav Reg, Shaw`s TN Cav Bn

Col Moses W. Hannon
11 GA, 53 AL Cav Reg, 24 AL Cav Bn

LTG William J. Hardee, 12,800 (81)

1st Division, Georgia Militia, MG Gustavus W. Smith, 3,800 (20)

BG Reuben W. Carswell, 900
1, 2, 3 GA Militia Reg

Ltc Dexter B.Thompson, 500
4, 5, 6 GA Militia Reg

BG Charles D. Anderson, 1,100
7, 8, 9 GA Militia Reg

BG Henry K. McCay, 400
10, 11, 12 GA Militia Reg

Howard`s GA Bn, Cpt Howard (late December), 500

Art, 400 (20)
Anderson`s Battery, Lt Brown
Artillery Company, Cpt Tiller,
Detachment, Cpt Austin,
Abell`s Light Battery, Cpt Abell

McLaws' Division, MG Lafayette McLaws, 4,400 (29)

BG Laurence S. Baker, 2,200
50 NC Reg, 10, 36, 40 NC Bn

BG Joseph H. Lewis, 1,600
2, 4, 9 KY Mtd 600
Worthen's NC Bn 200
Col Alfred Cumming: Symons' 1, 3, 5 GA Res Reg 800

Art, 600 (29)
Terrell Artillery, Cpt Brooks
22 GA Bn Art, Co C, Cpt Bealls
22 GA Bn Art, Co D, Cpt Manning
Daniell`s Light Battery, Cpt Daniell
Guerard`s Light Battery, Cpt Guerard
Jo Thompson Artillery, Cpt Hanleiter
Lafayette Light Artillery, Cpt McGregor

Wright's Division, MG Wright, 3,600 (32)

BG Hugh Mercer, 1,300
Brownes Local Brigade, Col Browne (1,100)
Athens, Augusta Res Bn, Nisbet's Local Defense Reg, 55 GA, Barnes' Art Co, Brook's Foreign Bn
Clemon's Bn Augusta Local Inf (200)

BG John K. Jackson, 2,000
Von Zinkens Local Reserves, Col Von Zinken (1,200)
BG Samuel W. Ferguson (600)
2, 56 AL Cav, 9, 11 MS Cav, 10 MS Cav Bn
Savannah Local Reserves, Maj Shellman (200)

Art, 300 (32)
Barnwell`s Light Battery, Cpt Barnwell
Artillery Battalion, Maj Hamilton

Not Brigaded, 1,000

Rose Dew Post, ?, 400
Red Bluff Garrison, Cpt McGregor, 100
Oglethorpe Barracks, Maj Cunningham, 300
Troops at Thunderbolt, Ltc McLaws, 200

Miscellaneous 4,800

Georgia State Line, Col James D. Wilson, 500
1, 2 GA State Line

GMI Cadets, Maj Francis W. Capers, 200

BG Pierce M. B. Young, 800
7 GA, Cobb's GA Legion Cav, Phillips' GA Legion Cav, Jeff Davis Legion Cav

BG Beverly H. Robertson, 900
3 SC Cav, Stono Scouts, 2 SC Art (2 Co), Marion SC Art, Palmetto Battery Light Art (3 Co), Washington SC Art, Mathewes`SC Heavy Art, SC Siege Train Co A

BG James H. Trapier, 400
Kirk's Sq SC Cav (2 Co), Steele's Co SC Cav, German SC Art Co A, Santee SC Light Art, Waccamaw SC Light Art

Col George P. Harrison, 900
5, 32, 47 GA

Col John C. Fiser, 1,100
1 GA Reg, 6 GA Res, 27 GA Batt, Cobb Guards Batt, Maj Hartridge' Command

Sources:
DuBose, General Joseph Wheeler and the Army of Tennessee
Trudeau, Southern Storm: Sherman`s March to the Sea
Smith/Hook, Sherman's March to the Sea 1864: Atlanta to Savannah
Dodson, Campaigns of Wheeler and his cavalry 1862-1865
Great job, J
 
Top