Gettysburg: Was A.P. Hill to blame for the Battle?

dennmorr

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Archer and Davis were probing Buford's Cavalry when they were hit by surprise by Reynold's infantry and eventually fell back. Rodes made the next attack. Am I missing something but that seems to me to be the point where the engagement became "General"?
 

Scott1967

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Archer and Davis were probing Buford's Cavalry when they were hit by surprise by Reynold's infantry and eventually fell back. Rodes made the next attack. Am I missing something but that seems to me to be the point where the engagement became "General"?
Well pretty close ill stand corrected but the rest of Heth's division attacked after Archer and Davis so that would be Pettigrew and Brockenbrough and them some of Pender's Division I think it was Lane , Perrin , Scales and then Rode's so pretty much 3x Divisions.
 

rpkennedy

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Just a quick general timeline for refererence:

1030: Davis begins pushing Cutler.
1045: Iron Brigade hits Archer; Davis routs the 147th New York and Hall's Battery and begins to turn to the south and the Cut.
1100: Archer withdraws; 6th Wisconsin, 95th New York, and 14th Brooklyn move to the Chambersburg Pike
1115: Attack against the Cut
1130: Confederates are returning to Herr's Ridge
1345: Rodes has arrived and Blackford's Sharpshooters are skirmishing with elements of the Eleventh Corps
1400: O'Neal attacks
1430: Pettigrew attacks; Iverson attacks
1445: Pettigrew crosses Willoughby Run
1500: Baxter charges Iverson; Daniel attacks the Chambersburg Pike and in support of Iverson's survivors
1515: Iron Brigade retreats; Pettigrew attacks Biddle; Brockenbrough "attacks" Stone; Gordon attacks Blocher's Knoll
1545: Union rallies on Seminary Ridge; Pender is crossing Willougby Run
1600: Pender crosses McPherson's Ridge and begins the attack on Seminary Ridge
1615: Rodes' final attack against Robinson and his line begins to withdraw
1620: Eleventh Corps line collapses
1645: Seminary Ridge line collapses; Brickyard fight

Ryan
 

Scott1967

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Just a quick general timeline for refererence:

1030: Davis begins pushing Cutler.
1045: Iron Brigade hits Archer; Davis routs the 147th New York and Hall's Battery and begins to turn to the south and the Cut.
1100: Archer withdraws; 6th Wisconsin, 95th New York, and 14th Brooklyn move to the Chambersburg Pike
1115: Attack against the Cut
1130: Confederates are returning to Herr's Ridge
1345: Rodes has arrived and Blackford's Sharpshooters are skirmishing with elements of the Eleventh Corps
1400: O'Neal attacks
1430: Pettigrew attacks; Iverson attacks
1445: Pettigrew crosses Willoughby Run
1500: Baxter charges Iverson; Daniel attacks the Chambersburg Pike and in support of Iverson's survivors
1515: Iron Brigade retreats; Pettigrew attacks Biddle; Brockenbrough "attacks" Stone; Gordon attacks Blocher's Knoll
1545: Union rallies on Seminary Ridge; Pender is crossing Willougby Run
1600: Pender crosses McPherson's Ridge and begins the attack on Seminary Ridge
1615: Rodes' final attack against Robinson and his line begins to withdraw
1620: Eleventh Corps line collapses
1645: Seminary Ridge line collapses; Brickyard fight

Ryan
Thanks RP it was off the top of my head i get a bit confused with the order.
 

Jamieva

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Regardless of whether Hill knew exactly what he was doing, why didn't he feel a need to shake out a skirmish line before proceeding instead of leading with his artillery? Do we know of any similar circumstance in the Civil War where artillery led the infantry? Admittedly, the skirmishers would have made the same contact with Buford but perhaps Hill would've recalled Lee's orders to not bring on an engagement and backed off. Leading with artillery indicates to me Hill had no intention of avoiding an engagement.

That's on Heth not Hill. Heth's first time in division command and it showed.
 

Jamieva

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I think you are on the right track. Hill was new to corps command and thus under emotional stress.
Corp command is a high pressure posting.

I think it's more likely that Gettysburg is the first we see of Hill's physical decline. If i remember correctly, when Lee comes up on July 1 and inquires of Hill the situation, Hill looks physically ill and is not really able to tell Lee what is going on. On July 2 and 3, Hill is basically MIA from the battle and his divisions are working under Longstreet's attacks on those days.
 
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