Forgotten Forts Series - Yellow Bluff Fort


Sergeant Major
Jun 21, 2012
Louisville, KY
Yellow Bluff Fort is an earthwork fortification located near Jacksonville, Florida on the northern bank of the St. Johns River. The post's design, like many other fortifications along harbors or rivers, was more of a battery than that of a true fort. Yellow Bluff Fort consisted of T-shaped earthworks facing the river atop a 90 foot bluff located on along a crucial bend in the St Johns River. The site was designed to house anywhere from 5-7 heavy guns however these pieces of artillery never arrived and therefore was armed with only field pieces. The fort was never formally named and therefore gets its name from the bluff it is built on.

Construction of the fort began sometime early in 1862 however I was unable to dig up a 100% accurate date. The fort was abandoned by Confederate forces under the command of Captain Joseph L. Dunham in the face of Union land and naval forces in the early days of October 1862. In those same days Union forces took possession of the fort only to abandon it themselves later in the war. The fort was reoccupied during the final year and a half of the war and was also home to a signal tower.
yellow bluff 1.jpg

Following the war the site was abandoned and it wasn't until 1970 that the fort was added to the National Register of Historic Places. Today the site is ran by the state of Florida as the Yellow Bluff Fort State Park. The site features the remains of the earthworks, various markers/memorials, and picnic areas for visitors. The site is open from 8am to sunset daily.

Also be sure to check out all other "forgotten forts" in the Forgotten Forts Series Index (Link Below)