February 3 In Civil War History

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On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag

February 3, 1807 - General Joseph Eggleston Johnston (CSA)born, Farmville, Virginia.

February 3, 1811 - Horace Greeley, editor, born in Amherst, NH. ("Go west, young man")

February 3, 1824 - George Thomas "Tige" Anderson, Brigadier General, born in Covington, GA. (Confederate Army)

February 3, 1824 - Nathan George "Shanks" Evans, American Brigadier-General (Confederate States Army), born in Marion County, South Carolina (d. 1868)

February 3, 1831 - Cyrus Ballou Comstock, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Wrentham, Massachusetts (d. 1910)

February 3, 1845 - The U. S. House explicitly prohibits slavery from the Oregon Territory.

February 3, 1861 - Former law partners, Judah Benjamin and John Slidell, from Louisiana, leave Washington, DC, and their Senate positions, for Baton Rouge, LA.

February 3, 1862 - The following are appointed Union Brigadier Generals:
John Wynn Davidson, USA
William Scott Ketcham, USA
Thomas Francis Meagher, USA

February 3, 1862 - The call goes out for 71,000 volunteers from the State of Missouri for Confederate service.

February 3, 1862 - Federal reconnaissance to Occoquan Village, VA, by Col. Stephen G. Champlin, 3rd MI Infantry.

February 3, 1863 - The French offer to mediate the Civil War.

February 3, 1863 - Union ram Queen of the West sails past Vicksburg to disrupt Confederate shipping. After being hit 12 time by artillery, she rams the Confederate ship City of Vicksburg.

February 3, 1863 - Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's, USA, forces cut a path through the levee on the Yazoo River, near Yazoo Pass, AR, for transporting troops north of Vicksburg, MS.

February 3, 1863 - Skirmish at Mingo Swamp, MO.

February 3, 1863 - Attack on Fort Donelson, TN, by Confederate Cavalry under Brig. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest, CSA, and Maj. Gen. Joseph Wheeler, CSA, is repulsed with skirmishing at Cumberland Iron-Works, TN.

February 3, 1863 - Federal expedition from Murfreesboro to Auburn, Liberty, and Alexandria, TN. (Feb 3-5)

February 3, 1864 - William Tecumseh Sherman, having moved to Vicksburg by boat, begins the Meridian Campaign
Mississippi. The Meridian, MS, Expedition, and co-operating expeditions from Memphis, TN, and up the Yazoo River, to destroy Rebel railroads, and etc., in the vicinity. (Feb 3-Mar 6)

February 3, 1864 -Federal expedition aboard the steamers, J.M. Brown and Red Chief, from Brashear City, LA, up Grand Lake into Lac Fausse Pointe, and into Grand River, etc. The Federals confiscate Rebel supplies and food, etc. (Feb 3-6)

February 3, 1864 -Action at Liverpool Heights, Yazoo River, MS.

February 3, 1864 -The Confederate capture and burning of the US steamer, Levi, on the Kanawha River, at Red House Landing, WV, at 5 a.m. in the morning as everybody aboard was asleep.

February 3, 1865 - On the River Queen five men, US President Abraham Lincoln, US Secretary of State William Seward, CS Vice-president Alexander Stephens, along with John Campbell and RMT Hunter discuss peace terms at the Hampton Roads Conference near Fort Monroe. The conference was a failure.

February 3, 1865 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.

February 3, 1865 - Skirmish at Ladd's House, Hog Jaw Valley, AL, with guerrillas, who skedaddle into the mountains. (Feb 3-4)

February 3, 1865 - Federal scout against the party of Indians suspected of being Kiowas and Comanches, from Fort Larned to South Fork of Pawnee Creek and Buckner's Branch, KS. (Feb 3-8)

February 3, 1865 - Maryland, New York, and West Virginia become the 4th, 5th, and 6th states to ratify the 13th amendment which abolishes slavery.

February 3, 1865 - The Confederate District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee is formed, and Brig. Gen. Marcus J. Wright, CSA, is assigned to its command.

February 3, 1865 - The Confederate District of South Mississippi and East Tennessee is formed, and Brig. Gen. Wirt Adams, CSA, is assigned to its command.

February 3, 1865 - The detachment Army of the Tennessee, commanded by Maj. Gen. Andrew J. Smith, USA, is ordered from the Dept. of the Cumberland to the Military Division of West Mississippi.

February 3, 1865 - The 7th Division, Cavalry Corps, Military Division of the Mississippi, is ordered from the Dept. of the Cumberland to the Military Division of West Mississippi.

February 3, 1865 - Federal scouts in La Fayette County, MO, killing bushwhackers and guerrillas. (Feb 3-8)

February 3, 1865 - Skirmish at Dillingham's Cross-Roads or Duck Branch, SC.

February 3, 1865 - Action at Rivers' Bridge, Salkehatchie River, SC, as Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's, USA, 17th US Army Corps press on northward towards the state capital of Columbia.

February 3, 1865 - Affair near Harper's Ferry, WV, where a Confederate force derail a train on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. In a fit of rage, the commanding Union officer accuses the Lieut. in charge, of derelict of duty, if not drunk then full of opium all the time, feels it would be a waste of time to court martial him, and suggests a quick solution - hang him.
 

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