On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
February 24, 1803 - US Supreme Court's first time ruling a law unconstitutional (Marbury v Madison).
February 24, 1811 - Edward Dickinson Baker, American politician and Major General (Union Army), born in London, England (d. 1861)
February 24, 1824 - John Crawford Vaughn, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Monroe County, Tennessee. (d. 1875)
February 24, 1827 - Charles Davis Jameson, American politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Gorham, Maine (d. 1862)
February 24, 1836 - Texian Colonel William Travis sends a desperate plea for help for the besieged defenders of the Alamo, ending the message with the famous last words, “Victory or Death.”
February 24, 1862 - Skirmish at Mingo Creek, near Saint Francisville, MO.
February 24, 1862 - Skirmish at New Madrid, MO.
February 24, 1862 - Affair at Lewis' Chapel, near Pohick Church, VA, 12 miles south of Alexandria, VA, with Brig. Gen. Samuel P. Heinztelman, USA.
February 24, 1862 - Skirmish at Mason's Neck, Occoquan, VA.
February 24, 1862 - Federal occupation of Harper's Ferry, WV, by Maj. Gen. Nathaniel Prentiss Banks, USA.
February 24, 1863 - Territory of Arizona is organized from the Territory of New Mexico.
February 24, 1863 - The Yazoo Pass Expedition (by Moon Lake, Yazoo Pass, and the Coldwater and Tallahatchee Rivers), including engagements (Mar 11, 13, 16 & Apr 2, 4) at Fort Pemberton, near Greenwood, MS. (Feb 24-Apr 8)
February 24, 1863 - The Confederates capture and sink the Union gunboat, the Indianola, near Mr. Joe Davis' Plantation, below Vicksburg, on the Mississippi River, with the captured Queen of the West.
February 24, 1863 - Skirmish near Strasburg, VA.
February 24, 1863 – Confederate Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest makes a raid on Brentwood, Tennessee.
February 24, 1864 - Braxton Bragg becomes Jefferson Davis' chief of staff.
February 24, 1864 - Skirmishes at Tunnel Hill, Buzzard Roost, and Rocky Face Ridge (or Crow's Valley), GA, as Maj. Gen. John McCauley. Palmer's, USA, forces fail to force a retreat by Lieut. Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, CSA, effectively ending the Dalton, GA, excursion.
February 24, 1864 - Skirmish at Canton, MS, the Meridian, MS, Expedition.
February 24, 1864 - Skirmish at Tippah River, MS, the Meridian, MS, Expedition.
February 24, 1864 - Federal scout from Camp Mimbres, the New Mexico Territory, where the Federals kill 13 Indians including the chief of the Mangas Indian tribe; the Yankees capture from the Indians a Mexican woman who had been in captivity for 15 years. (Feb 24-29)
February 24, 1865 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.
February 24, 1865 - Federal scout with the 60th US Colored Infantry, from Helena, aboard the steamer, Curlew, to Clarke's Store, AR.
February 24, 1865 - Affair at Switzler's Mill, MO, where the guerrilla Poe kills a man and hangs two negroes, besides robbing another citizen. Lawlessness still prevails in some sections of this part of the United States.
February 24, 1865 - Skirmish at Camden, SC, as Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA, and Lieut. Gen. Wade Hampton, CSA, argue in writing over the murders of certain Union soldiers who were foraging. Hampton informs Sherman that he has ordered the death of all Federal soldiers caught burning the homes and properties of citizens of the Confederacy.
February 24, 1865 - Captain Henry S. Stellwagen in the U.S.S. Pawnee sent Ensign Allen K. Noyes with the U.S.S. Catalpa and Mingoe up the Peedee River to accept the surrender of the evacuated city of Georgetown, SC.
February 24, 1868 - The U. S. House votes to impeach President Andrew Johnson, 126-47.
February 24, 1914 - Joshua L. Chamberlain, Civil War hero for the Union on Little Round Top at the Battle of Gettysburg dies in Portland, Maine.