On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
February 23, 1818 - Jeremy F Gilmer, Maj Gen/Chief Engineer Confederate War Dept. is born in Guilford County, NC.
February 23, 1824 - Lewis Cass Hunt, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Brown County Wisconsin (d. 1886)
February 23, 1838 - Gilbert Moxley Sorrel, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Savannah, GA. (d. 1901)
February 23, 1861 - President-elect Abraham Lincoln arrives in the nation's capital, Washington, DC.
February 23, 1861 - Texas citizens ratify the actions of the secessionist convention, voting to secede, 34,794 to 11,235.
February 23, 1862 - Ulysses S. Grant orders William Nelson to advance on Nashville, Tennessee.
February 23, 1862 - Fayetteville, AR, is occupied by the Union forces, under Brig. Gen. Samuel R. Curtis, USA, and Brig. Gen. A. Asboth, USA.
February 23, 1862 - The Dept. of the Gulf is constituted, under the command of Maj. Gen. Benjamin Franklin Butler, USA, FL, AL.
February 23, 1862 - Brig. Gen. John Pope, USA, assumes the command of the Army of Mississippi, assembling at Commerce, MO.
February 23, 1862 - Federal reconnaissance from Greenville, MO, and skirmish. (Feb 23-25)
February 23, 1862 - Federal reconnaissance to Pea Ridge Prairie, MO, and skirmish. (Feb 23-24)
February 23, 1862 - Federal reconnaissance on the Bull River and Schooner Channel, SC.
February 23, 1862 - Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston, CS A, assumes the immediate command of the Central Army, TN.
February 23, 1862 - Nashville, TN, is evacuated by the Confederates under Brig. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest, CSA, and occupied by the Federal forces under Brig. Gen. Don Carlos Buell, USA. (Feb 23-25)
February 23, 1863 - Affair at Athens, KY.
February 23, 1863 - Engagement of the US Steamers, Dakota and the Monticello, at Fort Caswell, NC.
February 23, 1863 - Brig. Gens. Andrew A. Humphreys and Adolph von Steinwehr, USA, are temporarily and respectively commanding the 5th and the 11th US Army Corps, the Army of the Potomac, VA.
February 23, 1863 - Former US Secretary of War and Governor of Pennsylvania, Simon Cameron, resigns his post as Minister to Russia.
February 23, 1864 - William Brimage Bate, C.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.
February 23, 1864 - Robert Charles Tyler, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
February 23, 1864 - Skirmishes near Dalton and at Catoosa Station and Tunnel Hill, GA, between Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, CSA, and Maj. Gen. John McCauley Palmer, USA, under Maj. Gen. George Henry Thomas, USA, the Army of the Cumberland.
February 23, 1864 - Maj. Gen. John A. McClernand, USA, resumes the command of the 13th US Army Corps, LA.
February 23, 1864 - Federal scout from Springfield, MO, into Northern Arkansas, and skirmishes with guerrillas near Buffalo City (Mar 1), and at Bennett's Bayou (Mar 2). One guerrilla killed was an ex-Baptist minister. (Feb 23-Mar 9)
February 23, 1864 - Skirmish near New Albany, MS, the Meridian, MS, Expedition.
February 23, 1864 - In light of the Pomeroy Circular, President Lincoln meets with his Cabinet, without Secretary of Treasury, Salmon P. Chase.
February 23, 1865 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.
February 23, 1865 - Thomas Ewing, Jr., U.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.
February 23, 1865 - Federal expedition from Barrancas to Milton, FL, and skirmishes. (Feb 22-25)
February 23, 1865 - Bvt. Maj. Gen. Stephen G. Burbridge, USA, is relieved from the command of the District of Kentucky.
February 23, 1865 - Federal scouts from Salem and Licking, MO, to Spring River Mills, AR, with skirmishes, as the Yankees continue to punish the guerrillas. (Feb 23-Mar 2)
February 23, 1865 - Skirmish near Camden, SC, as Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA, crosses the Catawba River and heads for North Carolina. Heavy rains will slow his progress over the next several days.
February 23, 1865 - Federal expedition from Yorktown aboard the gunboat, USS Mystic, to West Point, VA, where the Yankees are unsuccessful in their attempt to capture Col. Richardson of Gen. Robert E. Lee's staff who was home on 60 days leave; he was warned by a spy. The Yankees also missed breaking up a wedding where a band of Rebels were supposed to attend; they got the wrong date, as it is scheduled for Mar 2. The Yankees proceed to burn Richardson's home, and other barns, with thousands of pounds of bacon and about 25,000 bushels of corn and grain, before returning to Yorktown, VA. (Feb 23-24)
February 23, 1870 - Mississippi re-admitted to the United States.
February 23, 1870 - Mississippi granted representation in the U. S. Congress with the same provisions as Virginia.