February 1 In Civil War History

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On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag

February 1, 1807 - William Bowen Campbell, American politician and Civil War Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Sumner County, Tennessee (d. 1867)

February 1, 1833 - South Carolina's Ordinance of Nullification goes into effect.

February 1, 1847 - Jones v. Van Zandt is argued before the Supreme Court.

February 1, 1861 - Texas secessionist convention votes 166 to 7 to secede, calling for a ratification election by the people of Texas.

February 1, 1862 - Julia Ward Howe publishes "Battle Hymn of Republic"

February 1, 1862 - Ethan Alien Hitchcock, U.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.

February 1, 1862 - Skirmish at Bowling Green, KY.

February 1, 1862 - The Confederate forces enter the New Mexico Territory.

February 1, 1863 - The 2nd Union Naval attack on Fort McAllister, Genesis Point, south of Savannah, GA, with the Union gunboats, USS Dawn, Seneca, and the Wissahickon, and the mortar boat, C. P. Williams.

February 1, 1863 - Federal expedition from New Berne to Plymouth, NC, aboard the steamer, Northerner. (Feb 1-10)

February 1, 1863 - Federal reconnaissance to Franklin and Brentwood, TN. (Feb 1-2)

February 1, 1863 - The Union forces occupy Franklin, TN.

February 1, 1863 - Maj. Gen. George Sykes, USA, is placed in temporary command of the 5th US Army Corps, the Army of the Potomac, VA.

February 1, 1864 - The U. S. House passes legislation reinstituting the rank of Lieutenant General in the United States Army.

February 1, 1864 - Skirmish at Waldron, AR.

February 1, 1864 - Operations against Indians in the Humboldt Military District, CA. (Feb 1-Jun 30)

February 1, 1864 - Operations in the Indian Territory, as the Federal troops try to smoke the "peace pipe" with many of the Indian tribes. (Feb 1-24)

February 1, 1864 - Federal Cavalry expedition from Madisonville to Franklinton, LA, and vicinity. (Feb 1-3)

February 1, 1864 - Federal scouts from Rolla, MO. (Feb 1-Mar 1)

February 1, 1864 - Operations in the New Mexico and Arizona Territories, including a posse of Mexican citizens tracking Navajo who stole their livestock. Over 2,500 Indians await transportation to reservations. Over 125 have died at Fort Canby within the last month alone. Now that the Federals are subduing the Indians, they complain of feeding the Indians from their commissaries. (Feb 1-Mar 7)

February 1, 1864 - Skirmish at Batchelder's Creek, NC, with Maj. Gen. George E. Pickett's, CSA, moving from Kinston, NC, aborts his attempt to recapture New Berne, NC, as Brig. Gen. Innis N. Palmer, USA, withdraws to the city's inner defenses. The Federals sustain 326 casualties.

February 1, 1864 - Federal expedition from Knoxville to Flat Creek, TN, with no engagements.

February 1, 1864 - Federal reconnaissance from Maryville toward Sevierville, TN, and 14 miles southwest of Dandridge, with no casualties. (Feb 1-2)

February 1, 1864 - Federal scout in White and Putnam Counties, TN, including Cookville, up the Calfkiller River, near Yankeetown, and Lancaster, as the Federals killed and captured many notorious rebels under Champ Ferguson accused of engaging in murder, robbery, and rape. (Feb 1-7)

February 1, 1864 - Skirmish at Bristoe Station, VA.

February 1, 1864 - February 8, 1864 - Battle of Yazoo River, MS

February 1, 1864 - President Abraham Lincoln orders a transport ship be sent to Ile a Vache, Santo Domingo, to bring back those Negro colonists wishing to return to the US, which retards Lincoln's plan to setup colonies for Negroes.

February 1, 1864 - President Abraham Lincoln, using the Congressional Conscription Act, orders that 500,000 men be drafted on March 10 to serve for 3 years or for the duration of the war, whichever comes first. Unlike in the past, Lincoln faces little opposition.

February 1, 1865 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.

February 1, 1865 - Stephen Thomas, USA, is appointed Brig. Gen.

February 1, 1865 - Maj. Gen. John Bankhead Magruder, CSA, assumes the command of the District of Arkansas.

February 1, 1865 - Union naval operations against Confederate salt-works at St. Andrews Bay, FL.

February 1, 1865 - Federal operations against Indians about Fort Boise, the Idaho Territory, with skirmish (Feb 15) near the Bruneau Valley. (Feb 1-20)

February 1, 1865 - Illinois becomes the 1st state to ratify the 13th Amendment which abolishes slavery.

February 1, 1865 - Federal scout against guerrillas from Warrensburg to Tabo Creek, Dover, Oaklin Church, and Davis' Creek, MO. Feb 1-5)

February 1, 1865 - Federal scout from Warrensburg to Wagon Knob, Big Grove, Greenton, and Texas Prairie, MO, against guerrillas. The Federals are getting the upper hand in these parts, as they visit various guerrilla homes, finding women with their flock of children at each place; the men with their older sons having fled to the thick bushes. (Feb 1-5)

February 1, 1865 - Skirmish at Hickory Hill, SC, as Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA, proceeds into South Carolina with minor obstruction by Lieut. Gen. William J. Hardee, CSA, as he awaits reinforcements from the Army of Tennessee, on its way from Tupelo, MS.

February 1, 1865 - Skirmish at Whippy Swamp Creek, SC, with Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA.

February 1, 1865 - Skirmish in McLemore's Cove, TN, in the vicinity of Ringgold, as the Federals attack and smash a Confederate camp.
Bvt. Brig. Gen. William W. Morris, USA, is in temporary command of the Middle Dept., VA.

February 1, 1865 - Bowing to political pressure, President Jefferson Davis accepts the resignation of the Confederate Secretary of War, James A. Seddon.

February 1, 1865 - The troops in the trenches around Petersburg, VA, continue to suffer from the harsh winter weather as the James River threatens to freeze over.

February 1, 1865 - J.S. Rock, 1st African American lawyer to practice in US Supreme Court, admitted to bar.

February 1, 1871 - Jefferson Long of Georgia is first African American to make an official speech in US House of Representatives (opposing leniency to former Confederates)
 

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