Extraordinary Records of the American Civil War

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CivilWarTalk

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This article is a compendium of American Civil War Records. Entries are filed by type. This list is intended to be comprehensive. New suggestions, and corrections are encouraged by replying to the thread below.

Civil War Battlefield "Firsts"
  • First Use of a Machine Gun: 5 including The Ager, The Williams, and the Gatling
  • First Use of a Anti-Personnel Contact Mine: CS Brig. Gen. Gabriel J. Rains developed mines in 1862, using them in the Peninsula Campaign against the advancing Union Army
  • First Use of an Observation Balloon: Both US and CS forces attempted to use balloons to spy on opposing forces
  • First Aircraft Carrier: USS George Washington Parke Custis. A balloon was attached to it and used for observation in 1861.
  • First Use of Anti-Aircraft Guns: 3" Rifles were rigged by digging in the trails for a high angle of fire in an attempt to shoot down observation balloons during the Peninsula Campaign
  • First Use of Repeating Rifles: The Spencer Repeating Carbine and the Henry Rifle
  • First Use of Mounted Railroad Artillery: The most famous example is the 13-inch mortar, "The Dictator"
Casualties
  • First Man Killed in the Civil War: Union Pvt. Daniel Hough of Co. E., 1st Artillery from Premature Discharge during Fort Sumter evacuation ceremonies.
  • First Man Injured by Hostile Action: Nicolas Biddle, a black orderly in Co. A, 27th Pennsylvania, struck by a brick thrown by Southern sympathizers in Baltimore on April 18, 1861
  • First Man to Die by Hostile Action: Union Pvts. Sumner Needham, Luther C. Ladd, Anderson O. Whitney, & Charles A. Taylor of the 6th Massachusetts, and a dozen rioters in Baltimore, during an attack by a secessionist mob, April 18, 1861
  • First General Officer Killed: C.S. Brig. Gen. Robert S. Garnett, killed at Corrick's Ford, Virginia (today WV) on July 13, 1861.
  • First Confederate Death at Gettysburg: Henry Raison, 7th Tennessee Infantry
  • First Union Death at Gettysburg: Cpl. Cyrus W. James, Co G., 9th NY Cavalry
  • General with Most Mounts Killed Under Him: C.S. Lt. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest, 29
Extraordinary People
  • Longest Last Named General Officer: US Brig. Gen. Alexander Schimmelfennig, 14 letters
  • Tallest Union Soldier: Capt. Van Buskirk, 27th Indiana, 6' 10.5"
  • Shortest Union Soldier: Private in the 192nd Ohio, 3' 4"
  • Youngest Union General During the Civil War: Brig. Gen. Galusha Pennypacker, promoted on April 28, 1865, aged 20 years, 11 months
  • Number of Generals named "George Washington": 6, G.W. Cullum, G.W. Deitzler, G.W. Getty, G.W. Gordon, G.W. Curtis Lee, and G.W. Morgan
Misc.

This article is a work in progress....
 

littledoug

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Apr 1, 2011
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iowa
Isn't the Hunley credited with being the first submarine to sink an enemy warship, the Housatonic in Charleston harbor? I believe there was prior use of submarines, even in the American Revolution, but that none successfully attacked to that extent.
 
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huskerblitz

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Jun 8, 2013
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Nebraska
Interesting stuff!

How about Oregon's Edward Baker. I believe he is still the only sitting Senator killed in battle.
 
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