As part of the research I'm doing for another thread, I came across this copy of an examination of a candidate who had already secured an appointment by the War Department as a 2nd Lieutenant in the 20th U.S. Infantry. I thought they might be of interest. The examination was given at "Louisville, Ky. Sept. 20, 1867, Brevet Brigadier Genl Cady, President of Examining Board." The candidate first had to first a one-page "military autobiography," outlining what previous experience he had. Then he was asked the following 27 questions: What are the Articles of War? What is the form of our government? Into what three branches is it divided? What is the number of Senators? How are Senators elected? What determines the number of Representatives from each state? How is the President elected? How is he elected if he does not receive a majority of electoral votes? What is Treason? What are the rules of arithmetic? Subtract ⅓ from ⅗. Multiply ⅓ x ⅔. Into what general divisions is the earth divided? What are the names of the oceans? What are the principal kingdoms of Europe? What are the Republics of Europe? What sea separates Europe from Africa? What is the most southern cape of Africa? . What that of America? What are the boundaries of the United States? How many degrees of longitude are there? How many of north and south latitude? How many motions has the earth? What is the period of the moon’s revolution around the sun? What are the summer months at Cape Horn? Where were the first settlements made in the United States? Where was the first bloodshed during the Revolutionary war? It's a very basic test designed, I think, not so much to demonstrate any useful knowledge, as to indicate the candidate's general education. I would do well, I think, except for the three arithmetic questions: it has been way too long for me to recall the rules and formulas I barely retained an hour after I last needed them. Math was always my weakest subject.