In the new book Remembering Reconstruction:Struggles over the Meaning of America's Most Turbulent Era Edited by Carole Emberton et al LSU Press (2017) there is an essay “A Bitter Memory Upon Which Terms of Peace Would Rest” Woodrow Wilson, the Reconstruction of the South, and the Reconstruction of Europe by SAMUEL L. SCHAFFER. The essay argues that Woodrow Wilson's memory of Reconstruction as a boy and young man and his study of it as a scholar influenced his approach to the post-World War I settlement for the defeated states of Europe. Wilson was born in 1856 and he experienced the war as a child, seeing Jeff Davis after he was captured by Union troops, having wounded Confederates cared for at his father's church, and seeing Robert Lee. As a Southern Progressive, he saw the war's outcome as difficult, but holding long-term promise. By setting aside slavery and the old agrarian oligarchy, it allowed the South to construct a more modern society. In casting aside the doctrine of states' rights, it allowed the South to join the national community. Wilson believed, however, that Federal Reconstruction policies seriously handicapped the rebuilding of the South. He hoped that after World War I the Western powers would avoid the pitfalls of American Reconstruction.