Doles advances on Krzyzanowski

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infomanpa

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I am standing in the middle of a field where hardly anyone would visit (except crazy people like me). From the locaton of the camera is where the brigade of Confederate general George Doles would have advanced on Union general Krzyżanowski, who was called up to stem the collapse of the Eleventh Corp's right wing. Howard Avenue is in the approximate location where Krzyżanowski's men would have fought. The accompanying map shows the location of both brigades. There will be a quiz later on how to pronounce "Krzyżanowski" 😉

asdfadfdf.jpg

The view is facing south from the center of Doles' brigade as they advanced

Map12.2.jpg



.
 

Tom Elmore

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Here's my take at the moment (3:15 p.m.) the 82nd Ohio began to break. Harris and Von Gilsa were already crumbling in front of Gordon by my calculations.

At 3:27 p.m. I figure the 157th New York approached the Carlisle Road and pitched into Doles' right flank (west of the Almshouse).
 

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From reading David Martin's Gettysburg July 1 I think Doles and his brigade are true unsung heroes of Gettysburg, along with Abner Perrin's Brigade of Pender's Division on the opposite flank. Along with Ramseur's Brigade they were the only parts of Rodes' Division to accomplish anything and Doles accomplished a great deal. Unfortunately, Early's Division and particularly Gordon's Brigade gets most of the credit which should realistically be shared with Doles.
 
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Tom Elmore

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After mapping the action, it does seem to me that it was the "one-two punch" of Gordon and Doles working in concert that decisively knocked out the Eleventh Corps north of the town.

But I am of the mind that the 157th New York took Doles' entire brigade out of the fight at a critical moment on July 1, diverting his attention long enough to allow the remnants of the First Corps to escape into and through the town. Otherwise Doles might have bagged a few hundred more Federals. Thus in my view the real unsung hero of that fight is the 157th New York.
 

infomanpa

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Here's my take at the moment (3:15 p.m.) the 82nd Ohio began to break. Harris and Von Gilsa were already crumbling in front of Gordon by my calculations.

At 3:27 p.m. I figure the 157th New York approached the Carlisle Road and pitched into Doles' right flank (west of the Almshouse).
Great map, Tom, as usual, Do you have a 1527 map showing the 157th NY? I understand that the 157th NY approached Carlisle Rd near where it splits into modern day Biglerville Rd. and Table Rock Rd.

Below is what those in Doles brigade would have seen if they turned to their right (looking northwest). They would have seen the 157th NY coming out from the cornfield in the picture and fronting Carlisle Rd, which follows the utility wires.
Capture.JPG
 

Tom Elmore

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Attached is the 3:30 p.m. map, which shows Doles' regiments responding to the unexpected appearance of the 157th New York. Gordon is halted along that stream bed just south of the Alms House buildings, while Early was there in person. Doles' regiments subsequently moved off toward the southwest, then shifted toward the southeast to follow the First Corps toward the town. If the 157th had not been there, I figure Doles' brigade might have bypassed or brushed aside Coster and entered Gettysburg's central square by 4 p.m., which is when the Federal First Corps began falling back from Seminary Ridge. So Doles' could have sealed off much of the town several minutes ahead of the arrival of the First Corps, and I think it highly unlikely the latter could have overrun Doles' men in the narrow confines of the town before the Confederates from the west arrived to assist. Only a small fraction of the First Corps would have escaped, and how that might have tipped the scales on July 2 and 3 is open to debate.
 

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rpkennedy

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After mapping the action, it does seem to me that it was the "one-two punch" of Gordon and Doles working in concert that decisively knocked out the Eleventh Corps north of the town.

But I am of the mind that the 157th New York took Doles' entire brigade out of the fight at a critical moment on July 1, diverting his attention long enough to allow the remnants of the First Corps to escape into and through the town. Otherwise Doles might have bagged a few hundred more Federals. Thus in my view the real unsung hero of that fight is the 157th New York.
I agree. The 157th New York bought time for a good portion of Schurz's division to escape by drawing Doles' entire attention for a few minutes.

Ryan
 
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Norm53

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I am standing in the middle of a field where hardly anyone would visit (except crazy people like me). From the locaton of the camera is where the brigade of Confederate general George Doles would have advanced on Union general Krzyżanowski, who was called up to stem the collapse of the Eleventh Corp's right wing. Howard Avenue is in the approximate location where Krzyżanowski's men would have fought. The accompanying map shows the location of both brigades. There will be a quiz later on how to pronounce "Krzyżanowski" 😉

View attachment 322884
The view is facing south from the center of Doles' brigade as they advanced

View attachment 322886


.
Włodzimierz Krzyżanowski

Polish is actually easy to pronounce, once you learn the rules, because it is highly phonetic; that is, there is usually only one way to pronounce a letter. (The grammar, OTOH, is miserably complex.) Accent is always on the penultimate syllable.

w like v in victor
ł like w in wine (usually becoming a L in transliteration)
o like ou in ought (might be regional differences)
dz like dz in adze
i = y like i in it
e like e in ten
ie like ye in yet, yes
a like a in father
rz = ż like z in azure (the z alone is the same as in English)
m n k s same as in English

Thus, Vwou-dzi-myez Kzi-za-nov-ski.

Courtesy of Polish nuns, who taught me from grades 1 through 8.

Just thought that you would like to know (heh, heh).
 
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rpkennedy

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Known casualties from the 157th New York at Gettysburg:

Killed and Mortally Wounded
Captain George A. Adams (died 7/25)
Corporal Horace Anguish (died 7/9)
Lt. Colonel George Arrowsmith
Captain Jason K. Backus
Jonas Bonney
William L. Bort (died 7/8)
Albert D. Bridge
Frederick Brooks
John Butler (died 7/11)
Eugene Campbell
William W. Carpenter
Corporal Henry J. Coffin
George W. Conner (wounded and captured, died of his wounds in a POW camp)
Miles A. Culver (died 7/15)
Timothy Dean
Francis Eaton (died 7/10)
Captain Harrison Frank
Dallas W. Gazley
Thomas Haley (died 7/12)
Sergeant William Harrington (died 10/12)
John A. Hart
Albert Hatch
John P. Haupt
Adjutant Joseph F. Henery (died 7/24)
Broughton Hough (died 8/18)
Corporal Jerry Johnson (died 7/3)
Luzerne E. Johnson
Corporal James E. Joyner (died 7/14)
2nd Lt. Randall D. Lower
Sergeant P. LaRoy Markham
Corporal James McDugel (missing with no further record)
Eugene McKevitt
James F. McLaughlin
Durell More
John B. Owen
Patrick Pardien
Wallace H. Patchen
James L.C. Pierce
Simeon Rainbow
Isaac Rorabacher
Morris I. Shattuck
John Smith (died 8/3)
Martin Snyder
Sergeant Clark Stickney (died 7/5)
Corporal Philander Stone
Amasa Toppin
Corporal Daniel M. Torry
H. Harrison Whitman
Joseph G. Wiggins
Albert D. Wilson (died 8/6)
Andrew Yan (died 8/22)

Wounded
William H. Abbert
Peter Agane
Murray Aldridge
Corporal Almon W. Angell
Arphaxed Ashley
2nd Lt. J. Clayton Atwater
John Austin
George M. Babcock
Richard Ballard
Barney Barnes
James Beattie
1st Sergeant A. Frederick Benjamin
1st Sergeant John Wesley Benjamin
Sergeant Nicholas Binges
Stephen M. Bisbe
Horace W. Bradley
Thomas Brayton, Jr.
Captain Leonard F. Briggs
Sergeant Charles S. Brown
James Bryer
Corporal Rubin Butts
Cyrus Cady (also captured)
John Cahill
Albert Campbell (also captured)
George Campbell
Sergeant-Major John A. Campbell
Sergeant Cassius M. Carman
Sergeant Samuel D. Carpenter
Solomon Carr
Erastus H. Carver
Diogenus Chase
Corporal Otis P. Colvin
Otis E. Culver
Lafayette J. Curtis
Ira W. Darling
Orville O. Davenport
Austin Davis
Jay Deran (also captured)
Thomas Devoe
John G. Deyo
John S. Dorman
Corporal Henry W. Douglas
Corporal James Dowd
William Draper
William Dyke
Milford Ellsworth
Robert Farrington
2nd Lt. Byron S. Fitch
John W. Foley
Henry O. Ford
John D. Fox
Daniel H. Fuller
Roswell D. Fuller (also captured)
Michael Galligher
2nd Lt. Frank E. Gates
Jefferson T. Getman
Emery Gifford (may have died of his wounds but the record is unclear; died 4/26/64)
Sergeant Charles E. Gilbert
Reuben A. Gleason
Sergeant Charles M. Green
Jasper Haines
Calvin Hammond (also captured)
Martin Hanrahand
Daniel Hart
Joseph H. Hart
George Harvey
Ralph D. Harvey
Hiram Hawley
Almeron Hayes
Sergeant Franklin L. Hays
Sergeant Albert M. Hazelton
Charles Helfer
Adam Helwig
Walter M. Hicks
Naiman Higgins
Oren Holmes
Sergeant James B. Hooper
Wesley Huffman
Richard L. Huson
Charles H. Isbell
Elwood Jackson
Sergeant Deloss Jones
William R. Jones
John Kelley
Oscar D. Kent
Charles Kincade
William H. Kinney (also captured)
Epathroditus W. Knapp
Silas E. Linebock
Henry D. Lock
George H. Love
Orsemus D. Luther
Corporal Joseph H. Lyon
Corporal Martin Marble
Stephen M. Marvin
Lyman Matson
Charles McCarter
Edward McCurley
Joseph McDargh
Ezekiel Meritt
Charles H. Miller
William Miller
George W. Miner
William C. Miner
Sergeant Henry L. Montgomery
William H. Moore
William Moot
Jerry Murphy
Homer Myers
Patrick Neville
Lansing Nichols
Ira M. Northrup
Charles H. Norton
Darius Owen
William Pease
Augustus S. Perry
Henry C. Perry
Willard Petrie
Daniel Pierce
Daniel Powers
Thomas Riggall
Corporal James Roantree
John H. Roe
Buell Rorapaugh
Mitchel Sanford
John H. Sawdey
Corporal Charles R. Seeber
Daniel N. Shapley
Lorenzo Shufelt
Christian Smith
George P. Smith
2nd Lt. Nelson R. Smith
Bartholomew Stalter
James B. Taylor
Corporal Henry Ten Eyke
Lathel Thorington (also captured)
Charles Trass
James Travis
Corydon Van Denburg
Marvin W. Van Denburg
1st Sergeant Gerret S. Van Hoesen
Corporal William S. Van Vost
John J. Wagner
Nathaniel Wagner
Alexander S. Waters
1st Lt. Henry D. Waters
Charles S. Whitman
Lorenzo D. Widger
Ira S. Winslow
Christopher Wise
Sergeant Franklin J. Wright
James R. Wright
Benjamin F. Youngs

Captured
Andrew D. Andrus
Elman J. Arnold
Abner A. Baker
Albert B. Barlow
Corporal William H. Barlow
Albert A. Beck
Lorenzo A. Beckwith
Clesson Bliss
Sergeant Roswell W. Bourne
J. Wellington Boynton
Patrick Brown
Captain E. Charlier
Christian Chevalier
John N. Churchill
Captain James A. Coffin
John P. Corbin
Solomon T. Cresson
Sergeant Gustavus A. Crofoot
Walter Culver
2nd Lt. Henry E. Curtice
Edgar Delevan
Newell L. Douglass
William Henry Dutton
William E. Dwinell
Burnie Erskin
William H. Fish
Henry Fryover
Francis M. Gault
Edwin Graves
Corporal Melvin H. Hammond
Edgar Harrington
Henry Harrington
Pardy L. Haskins
William H. Haskins
James Heaphy
Dennis B. Hix, Jr.
Samuel N. Holden
Sergeant Hubert H. Hollenbeck
William Hopkins
Reuben Hoyt
Benjamin Inman
Erastus Jones
Ira Kenney
Corporal Alexander Lansing, Jr.
Lewis B. Leigh
Marcus Livingston
Luther Loucks
John Lowe
Otis Luther
James Matthews
Corporal Lumen Miles
George A. Miller
John Miller
Squire C. Mix
Peter Moore
James R. Murray
Charles A. Near
Corporal Asa E. New
James Newman
Dennis O'Donahue
Harvey Ornduff
1st Sergeant C. Henry Paddock
Orvin M. Palmer
Leonard H. Patchin
Sergeant Isaac N. Perry
Sergeant Root Pierce
Captain Frank Place
2nd Lt. Judson L. Powers
W. Albert Pulling
Corporal Robert Roantree
John W. Seabrook
George Selden
William C. Sherman
Henry O. Shirts
David R. Shultz
Jerome Snyder
Captain J. Riley Stone
Walter Timerman
John Torry
Jacob Vanhagan
Lorenzo Van Horn
George G. Waldren
James P. Wallace
Thomas Welch
William W. West
Nathan C. Williams
William Wood
Norris G. Woodward
William Wooton, Jr.

Ryan
 

Norm53

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Known casualties from the 157th New York at Gettysburg:

Killed and Mortally Wounded
Captain George A. Adams (died 7/25)
Corporal Horace Anguish (died 7/9)
Lt. Colonel George Arrowsmith
Captain Jason K. Backus
Jonas Bonney
William L. Bort (died 7/8)
Albert D. Bridge
Frederick Brooks
John Butler (died 7/11)
Eugene Campbell
William W. Carpenter
Corporal Henry J. Coffin
George W. Conner (wounded and captured, died of his wounds in a POW camp)
Miles A. Culver (died 7/15)
Timothy Dean
Francis Eaton (died 7/10)
Captain Harrison Frank
Dallas W. Gazley
Thomas Haley (died 7/12)
Sergeant William Harrington (died 10/12)
John A. Hart
Albert Hatch
John P. Haupt
Adjutant Joseph F. Henery (died 7/24)
Broughton Hough (died 8/18)
Corporal Jerry Johnson (died 7/3)
Luzerne E. Johnson
Corporal James E. Joyner (died 7/14)
2nd Lt. Randall D. Lower
Sergeant P. LaRoy Markham
Corporal James McDugel (missing with no further record)
Eugene McKevitt
James F. McLaughlin
Durell More
John B. Owen
Patrick Pardien
Wallace H. Patchen
James L.C. Pierce
Simeon Rainbow
Isaac Rorabacher
Morris I. Shattuck
John Smith (died 8/3)
Martin Snyder
Sergeant Clark Stickney (died 7/5)
Corporal Philander Stone
Amasa Toppin
Corporal Daniel M. Torry
H. Harrison Whitman
Joseph G. Wiggins
Albert D. Wilson (died 8/6)
Andrew Yan (died 8/22)

Wounded
William H. Abbert
Peter Agane
Murray Aldridge
Corporal Almon W. Angell
Arphaxed Ashley
2nd Lt. J. Clayton Atwater
John Austin
George M. Babcock
Richard Ballard
Barney Barnes
James Beattie
1st Sergeant A. Frederick Benjamin
1st Sergeant John Wesley Benjamin
Sergeant Nicholas Binges
Stephen M. Bisbe
Horace W. Bradley
Thomas Brayton, Jr.
Captain Leonard F. Briggs
Sergeant Charles S. Brown
James Bryer
Corporal Rubin Butts
Cyrus Cady (also captured)
John Cahill
Albert Campbell (also captured)
George Campbell
Sergeant-Major John A. Campbell
Sergeant Cassius M. Carman
Sergeant Samuel D. Carpenter
Solomon Carr
Erastus H. Carver
Diogenus Chase
Corporal Otis P. Colvin
Otis E. Culver
Lafayette J. Curtis
Ira W. Darling
Orville O. Davenport
Austin Davis
Jay Deran (also captured)
Thomas Devoe
John G. Deyo
John S. Dorman
Corporal Henry W. Douglas
Corporal James Dowd
William Draper
William Dyke
Milford Ellsworth
Robert Farrington
2nd Lt. Byron S. Fitch
John W. Foley
Henry O. Ford
John D. Fox
Daniel H. Fuller
Roswell D. Fuller (also captured)
Michael Galligher
2nd Lt. Frank E. Gates
Jefferson T. Getman
Emery Gifford (may have died of his wounds but the record is unclear; died 4/26/64)
Sergeant Charles E. Gilbert
Reuben A. Gleason
Sergeant Charles M. Green
Jasper Haines
Calvin Hammond (also captured)
Martin Hanrahand
Daniel Hart
Joseph H. Hart
George Harvey
Ralph D. Harvey
Hiram Hawley
Almeron Hayes
Sergeant Franklin L. Hays
Sergeant Albert M. Hazelton
Charles Helfer
Adam Helwig
Walter M. Hicks
Naiman Higgins
Oren Holmes
Sergeant James B. Hooper
Wesley Huffman
Richard L. Huson
Charles H. Isbell
Elwood Jackson
Sergeant Deloss Jones
William R. Jones
John Kelley
Oscar D. Kent
Charles Kincade
William H. Kinney (also captured)
Epathroditus W. Knapp
Silas E. Linebock
Henry D. Lock
George H. Love
Orsemus D. Luther
Corporal Joseph H. Lyon
Corporal Martin Marble
Stephen M. Marvin
Lyman Matson
Charles McCarter
Edward McCurley
Joseph McDargh
Ezekiel Meritt
Charles H. Miller
William Miller
George W. Miner
William C. Miner
Sergeant Henry L. Montgomery
William H. Moore
William Moot
Jerry Murphy
Homer Myers
Patrick Neville
Lansing Nichols
Ira M. Northrup
Charles H. Norton
Darius Owen
William Pease
Augustus S. Perry
Henry C. Perry
Willard Petrie
Daniel Pierce
Daniel Powers
Thomas Riggall
Corporal James Roantree
John H. Roe
Buell Rorapaugh
Mitchel Sanford
John H. Sawdey
Corporal Charles R. Seeber
Daniel N. Shapley
Lorenzo Shufelt
Christian Smith
George P. Smith
2nd Lt. Nelson R. Smith
Bartholomew Stalter
James B. Taylor
Corporal Henry Ten Eyke
Lathel Thorington (also captured)
Charles Trass
James Travis
Corydon Van Denburg
Marvin W. Van Denburg
1st Sergeant Gerret S. Van Hoesen
Corporal William S. Van Vost
John J. Wagner
Nathaniel Wagner
Alexander S. Waters
1st Lt. Henry D. Waters
Charles S. Whitman
Lorenzo D. Widger
Ira S. Winslow
Christopher Wise
Sergeant Franklin J. Wright
James R. Wright
Benjamin F. Youngs

Captured
Andrew D. Andrus
Elman J. Arnold
Abner A. Baker
Albert B. Barlow
Corporal William H. Barlow
Albert A. Beck
Lorenzo A. Beckwith
Clesson Bliss
Sergeant Roswell W. Bourne
J. Wellington Boynton
Patrick Brown
Captain E. Charlier
Christian Chevalier
John N. Churchill
Captain James A. Coffin
John P. Corbin
Solomon T. Cresson
Sergeant Gustavus A. Crofoot
Walter Culver
2nd Lt. Henry E. Curtice
Edgar Delevan
Newell L. Douglass
William Henry Dutton
William E. Dwinell
Burnie Erskin
William H. Fish
Henry Fryover
Francis M. Gault
Edwin Graves
Corporal Melvin H. Hammond
Edgar Harrington
Henry Harrington
Pardy L. Haskins
William H. Haskins
James Heaphy
Dennis B. Hix, Jr.
Samuel N. Holden
Sergeant Hubert H. Hollenbeck
William Hopkins
Reuben Hoyt
Benjamin Inman
Erastus Jones
Ira Kenney
Corporal Alexander Lansing, Jr.
Lewis B. Leigh
Marcus Livingston
Luther Loucks
John Lowe
Otis Luther
James Matthews
Corporal Lumen Miles
George A. Miller
John Miller
Squire C. Mix
Peter Moore
James R. Murray
Charles A. Near
Corporal Asa E. New
James Newman
Dennis O'Donahue
Harvey Ornduff
1st Sergeant C. Henry Paddock
Orvin M. Palmer
Leonard H. Patchin
Sergeant Isaac N. Perry
Sergeant Root Pierce
Captain Frank Place
2nd Lt. Judson L. Powers
W. Albert Pulling
Corporal Robert Roantree
John W. Seabrook
George Selden
William C. Sherman
Henry O. Shirts
David R. Shultz
Jerome Snyder
Captain J. Riley Stone
Walter Timerman
John Torry
Jacob Vanhagan
Lorenzo Van Horn
George G. Waldren
James P. Wallace
Thomas Welch
William W. West
Nathan C. Williams
William Wood
Norris G. Woodward
William Wooton, Jr.

Ryan
From these lists, contrary to popular opinion, it would seem that Poles were smart enough to stay away from conscriptions, or at least the fighting.
 
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Norm53

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That's assuming that they didn't anglicize their names. There are a few on the roster that I'm fairly sure were not their given names.

Ryan
Yes, like the Greeks, Poles often change their complicated names to suit their WASP environments. Here was our formidable HS baseball team:

Pitchers: Pieniaszek became Mikalac & Nayman
Catcher: Radzinski
1st base: Sadowski
2nd base: Norkowski became Norek
SS: Pawlaczyk became Paul
3rd base: Pieniaszek became Penasack
LF: Banaszewski became Banas
CF: Telga
RF: Danielewski became Daniels

Note: sz is like sh in shoot
cz is like ch in church

While very young, we practiced with adults in a Polish-American club that played in semi-pro games around Buffalo and Rochester, so by the time we reached HS, we were hard to beat. It was hilarious to listen to the announcer attempt to pronounce our names when we played in the Sectionals at Red Wing Stadium in Rochester.
 

infomanpa

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Attached is the 3:30 p.m. map, which shows Doles' regiments responding to the unexpected appearance of the 157th New York. Gordon is halted along that stream bed just south of the Alms House buildings, while Early was there in person. Doles' regiments subsequently moved off toward the southwest, then shifted toward the southeast to follow the First Corps toward the town. If the 157th had not been there, I figure Doles' brigade might have bypassed or brushed aside Coster and entered Gettysburg's central square by 4 p.m., which is when the Federal First Corps began falling back from Seminary Ridge. So Doles' could have sealed off much of the town several minutes ahead of the arrival of the First Corps, and I think it highly unlikely the latter could have overrun Doles' men in the narrow confines of the town before the Confederates from the west arrived to assist. Only a small fraction of the First Corps would have escaped, and how that might have tipped the scales on July 2 and 3 is open to debate.
Oh, wow. You show the position of the 157th NY to be way more south (by 500 yards?) than the maps of others such as Gottfried and Laino.
 

infomanpa

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Włodzimierz Krzyżanowski

Polish is actually easy to pronounce, once you learn the rules, because it is highly phonetic; that is, there is usually only one way to pronounce a letter. (The grammar, OTOH, is miserably complex.) Accent is always on the penultimate syllable.

w like v in victor
ł like w in wine (usually becoming a L in transliteration)
o like ou in ought (might be regional differences)
dz like dz in adze
i = y like i in it
e like e in ten
ie like ye in yet, yes
a like a in father
rz = ż like z in azure (the z alone is the same as in English)
m n k s same as in English

Thus, Vwou-dzi-myez Kzi-za-nov-ski.

Courtesy of Polish nuns, who taught me from grades 1 through 8.

Just thought that you would like to know (heh, heh).
How do you prounounce the "r" as in his last name? Is it silent? And I'm still trying to figure out how to say, "Kzi." 😉
 
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rpkennedy

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Yes, like the Greeks, Poles often change their complicated names to suit their WASP environments. Here was our formidable HS baseball team:

Pitchers: Pieniaszek became Mikalac & Nayman
Catcher: Radzinski
1st base: Sadowski
2nd base: Norkowski became Norek
SS: Pawlaczyk became Paul
3rd base: Pieniaszek became Penasack
LF: Banaszewski became Banas
CF: Telga
RF: Danielewski became Daniels

Note: sz is like sh in shoot
cz is like ch in church

While very young, we practiced with adults in a Polish-American club that played in semi-pro games around Buffalo and Rochester, so by the time we reached HS, we were hard to beat. It was hilarious to listen to the announcer attempt to pronounce our names when we played in the Sectionals at Red Wing Stadium in Rochester.
When I was in middle school, two of my friends were Polish-Americans whose grandparents had arrived after WWII. Dworakowski and Gaida (which was originally Gadowski).

Ryan
 

Norm53

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How do you pronounce the "r" as in his last name? Is it silent? And I'm still trying to figure out how to say, "Kzi." 😉
If the r were alone, then it would be pronounced as in English, but since it is linked with z as rz, you must pronounce it as the z in azure. IOW, rz is pronounced as one unique letter. (r and z alone are pronounced like in English.)

It is common for non-slavs to pronounce each latin letter separately. That urge needs to be suppressed when you come across slavic names. Consider the famous Czech composer, Antonín Leopold Dvořák. The ř = rz as in Polish, but you will hear the radio DJ pronounce his name Dvor - rzak, adding the unnecessary r. It should be pronounced Dvo-rzak. (accent on first syllable, of course)
 
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Norm53

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When I was in middle school, two of my friends were Polish-Americans whose grandparents had arrived after WWII. Dworakowski and Gaida (which was originally Gadowski).

Ryan
Those are easy. Look at the name of these famous patriots:

Andrzej Tadeusz Bonawentura Kościuszko
Kazimierz Michał Władysław Wiktor Pułaski

Notes: ś = sz like sh in shut; ch like h in hit.
 
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Norm53

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Cape May, NJ
From the foregoing, this formidable-looking name becomes a piece of cake.

Ryszard Szczepanski. sz = sh, cz = ch, so szcz becomes shch and we have Shche-pan-ski.

Note: Female surnames change the i to a, so a woman would be addressed as Wiktoria Szczepanska.
 
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