There is an interesting book I have at home from an officer that was verified by a historian that Humphreys was a lousy drunk. When I get home I can if you want give you the title. There were plenty of good Union officers in the West and of course some bad ones. It certainly wasn't like the Confedracy had better officers then the Union.I don't believe Palfrey is referring to the Southern army but to the individual Southern soldier. Palfrey I believe makes a sweeping assumption about the Southern soldier as a superior fighter because he only looks at it from the field of battle he was familiar with and doesn't take into account the Western Theater. One thing that should be recognized though is that Palfrey was a soldier himself, so that should count for something. Palfrey goes on to note that even applied to officers with some notable exceptions such as Sheridan, Hancock, Humphreys, Kearny, Custer and Barlow. I don't believe Palfrey ever served under Grant because, if he did, it's an unpardonable omission.