Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
December 8, 1765 - Eli Whitney, American inventor (Cotton Gin), born in Westborough, Massachusetts (d. 1825)
December 8, 1822 - Luther Prentice Bradley, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1910)
December 8, 1828 - Clinton Bowen Fisk, American abolitionist, Brevet Major General (Union Army), helped establish 1st free public schools in the South, born in York, New York (d. 1890)
December 8, 1828 - Robert Bullock, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Greenville, North Carolina (d. 1905)
December 8, 1857 - James Buchanan announces he supports the Lecompton Constitution in a message to the Senate
December 8, 1860 - Governor Isham Harris calls for a special session of the Tennessee legislature to consider secession.
December 8, 1861 - The CSS Sumter captures the whaler vessel, the Eben Dodge, in the Atlantic Ocean.
December 8, 1861 - Skirmish at Fishing Creek, near Somerset, KY.
December 8, 1861 - Skirmish at Dam No. 5, Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, on the Potomac River, VA.
December 8, 1861 - Skirmish near Romney, WV.
December 8, 1862 - Federal reconnaissance from Suffolk to the Blackwater and skirmishes at and about Zuni, VA. (Dec 8-12)
December 8, 1863 - Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction offers a full pardon to any Southerner who participated in the rebellion as long as they took a "prescribed oath."
December 8, 1863 - Confederate senator Henry S. Foote of Mississippi severely criticizes President Jefferson Davis for both his military and civilian policies.
December 8, 1863 - Skirmish near Scottsville, KY, as the attacking Confederates capture the town, along with the Union garrison there, with commissary stores, etc.
December 8, 1863 - The Federal merchant vessel, Chesapeake, is seized by a group of Northern Copperheads, off the coast of Cape Cod, MA.
December 8, 1863 - The Federal Raid on the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad, and demonstrations up the Shenandoah Valley from the Kanawha Valley, WV. (Dec 8-25)
December 8, 1863 - Brig. Gen. Eliakim P. Scammon's, USA, command advances from the Kanawha Valley, WV.
December 8, 1863 - Brig. Gen. William W. Averell's, USA, command advances from New Creek, WV.
December 8, 1864 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.
December 8, 1864 - Skirmish near Bryan Court-House, GA, the "March to the Sea, Campaign by Maj. Gen. Wm Sherman.
December 8, 1864 - Skirmish at Ebenezer Creek, GA, the "March to the Sea," Campaign by Maj. Gen. Wm Sherman.
December 8, 1864 - Affair at Tuscumbia, MO, where Confederate Cavalry captures the town and disarmed and paroled 25 Yankees stationed there.
December 8, 1864 - Maj. Gen. Napoleon J. T. Dana, USA, assumes the command of the Dept. of Mississippi.
December 8, 1864 - Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler, USA, and 6,500 Union men are transported down the James River to Fortress Monroe, VA, to join the naval expeditionary force assembling there for the planned assault on Fort Fisher, to close the last remaining open Confederate port at Wilmington, NC.
December 8, 1864 - Skirmish at Hatcher's Run, south of Petersburg, VA, the Richmond, VA, campaign.
December 8, 1910 - George Doherty Johnston, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 78 in Tuscaloosa, Alabama.