December 25 In Civil War History

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On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag

December 25, 1821 - Clara Barton, American nurse and founder of the American Red Cross, born in North Oxford, Massachusetts (d. 1912)

December 25, 1823 - Preston Smith, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Giles County, TN. (d. 1863)

December 25, 1832 - Thomas Alfred Smyth, Irish-American Major General (Union Army), born in County Cork, Republic of Ireland.

December 25, 1861 - Skirmish at Glider's Ferry, Cumberland River, KY.

December 25, 1861 - Skirmish at Fort Frederick, MD.

December 25, 1861 - Brig. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, USA, commanding the District of Southeast Missouri, orders all fugitive slaves to be expelled from Fort Holt, KY.

December 25, 1861 - Brig. Gen. Samuel Ryan Curtis, USA, is assigned to the command of the Southwestern District of Missouri.

December 25, 1861 - Federal expedition to Danville, MO, by Col. George G. Todd, 10th MO Infantry.

December 25, 1861 - The Confederate blockade runner schooner, William H. Northrup, is captured off Cape Fear, NC, by the USS Fernandina.

December 25, 1861 - Skirmish at Cherry Run, WV.

December 25, 1862 - Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's Federal expedition from Milliken's Bend, LA, to Dallas Station and Delhi, LA, in their operations against Vicksburg, MS. (Dec 25-26)

December 25, 1862 - Skirmish at Bear Wallow, KY, with Brig. Gen John H. Morgan, CSA

December 25, 1862 - The capture of Glasgow, KY, by Brig. Gen. John H. Morgan, CSA.

December 25, 1862 - Skirmish on the Burkesville road, near Green's Chapel, KY, with Brig. Gen. John Hunt Morgan's Confederate Cavalry.

December 25, 1862 - Skirmish at Ripley, MS.

December 25, 1862 - Skirmish at Prim's blacksmith shop, Edmondson Pike, TN, with the Union party out foraging for corn.

December 25, 1862 - Skirmish on the Wilson Creek Pike, between Brentwood and Petersburg, TN, as Brig. Gen. John A. Wharton, CSA, Cavalry attacks the Union foraging party.

December 25, 1862 - Maj. Gen. George G. Meade, USA, assumes the command of the 5th US Army Corps, the Army of the Potomac, VA.

December 25, 1862 - Skirmish near Warrenton, VA.

December 25, 1862 - Federal reconnaissance from Martinsburg to Charlestown, WV.

December 25, 1862 - President Abraham and Mrs. Mary Todd Lincoln spend part of their Christmas day visiting wounded soldiers in various Washington, DC, hospital.

December 25, 1862 - 40,000 watch Union soldiers play baseball at Hilton Head, South Carolina

December 25, 1863 - Skirmish with Indians near Fort Gaston, CA.

December 25, 1863 - Engagement at Fort Brooke, FL, with the Federal attack by on the fort by the gunboat, Tahoma and an unnamed schooner.

December 25, 1863 - The destruction of the Confederate Salt-works on Bear Inlet, NC, and another 2 miles up towards Swansboro, as the Federals travel aboard the gunboats Howquah and Daylight.

December 25, 1863 - A Confederate attack inflicts severe damage on the USS Marblehead, in Stono River, off Legareville and near John's Island, SC. The USS Pawnee tries to render assistance.

December 25, 1863 - Federal scout from Vienna to Leesburg, VA, and skirmish, as the Federals go house to house looking for any of Mosby's Partisans, and capturing 8 men in the process. (Dec 25-27)

December 25, 1863 - Brig. Gen. William W. Averell's, USA, Cavalry command reaches Beverly, WV, ending his raid on the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad, (Dec 9-25)

December 25, 1864 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.

December 25, 1864 - Engagement at Verona, MS, with Brig. Gen. Benjamin H. Grierson's Union expedition.

December 25, 1864 - Actions at King's (or Anthony's) Hill, or Devil's Gap, TN, with the Confederate Army of Tennessee.

December 25, 1864 - Skirmish at Richland Creek, TN, with Lieut. Gen. John B. Hood, CSA.

December 25, 1864 - Skirmish near White's Station, TN, with Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas, USA, as about 100 men of his advance guard are surrounded and captured by the Confederates; the Federals not suspecting that large of a Rebel force in the area.

December 25, 1868 - President Andrew Johnson grants amnesty to all who participated in the insurrection or rebellion against the United States.
 
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