Research Counting the Confederate Service Records of Black and Mulatto Men

CivilWarTalk

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a.k.a. The "Black Confederate Count" Thread...

The subject of black and mulatto men serving with, alongside, and/or in the Confederate Army is a controversial one.

This thread was originated by former CWT member, jgoodguy. While most threads at CivilWarTalk are created for discussion, this one is strictly a research thread. As such, it is intended to provide a place for the compilation of documentation related to black and mulatto men for whom Confederate service records exist.

Please confine your participation to the posting of entries, in the format outlined below, along with documentation/evidence of at least one of the types specified below.

1. A separate entry should be created for each individual; one person per post.

2. FORMAT for entries. Each entry must include the following text:
  • Name
  • Rank
  • Race or description (black, mulatto,"negro","colored", etc.)
  • Unit Designation
  • Type of evidence provided (CSR, Muster Roll, Pension, etc.; see acceptable types of evidence below.)
  • Combatant or non-combatant, if known.
3. EVIDENCE. Include link directly to, or insert an image of documentation into post.

4. If desired, additional information related to the individual, such as US Census records, Freedmen’s Bureau records, and USCT records may be posted in addition to at least one of the specified types of documentation/evidence.

Acceptable types of documentation/evidence:
  • roster
  • muster roll
  • parole paper
  • compiled service records
  • “carded records” from the National Archives or Fold3
  • pension applications and official communication related to applicants and/or pensioners
  • Other "official" documents
Unless specifically addressed by period documents, it is not the intent of this thread to speculate on motivations; whether these men volunteered, were conscripted, or were forced into service; whether or not they supported certain causes; or status, whether free or enslaved. If you’d like to discuss these questions, you’ll find plenty of other threads here at CivilWarTalk dedicated to those topics.

Thank you in advance for complying with the intent of this thread.

================================

Results as of August 3, 2018 by @lelliott19
Wrapping It Up (at least for now)

@jgoodguy started this project exactly 6 months ago today. During that time, entries have been posted for over 700 men, according to the rules he established for this thread. A lot of time has been dedicated to actively seeking the records for black and mulatto men for whom CSA records exist. @19thGeorgia @east tennessee roots @Andersonh1 @AshleyMel and I have decided that it is time for us to return to our own primary research interests, which we have neglected while working on this project. Tonight, we have posted the last of the cards that we had saved.

Thank you to everyone who has contributed data and to those who followed along, clicked the "like" button when you were moved by a particular record, and/or expressed your support for the project. Thank you to those who provided additional information and corrections. We have enjoyed working on this project and felt it important to inform everyone of our "semi-retirement." As I said in another thread the other day, if nothing else has been added to the understanding, at least some underutilized resources have been brought to light.

There are plenty more black and mulatto men with CSA records to be found. We have only worked on a few pages of the Freedmen's Bureau records for one city (Savannah, GA) - which means we have only scratched the surface of what is available. There are many more pages for Savannah and many more Freedmen's Bureau hospital and land records for other cities. While these present exciting "new" resources, those of us who have been working on this project for the last 6 months are unable to dedicate additional time to the project right now.

As we run across carded records for additional men, we may still add them occasionally. But we will no longer actively seek records to post here. We hope that others might continue work on this important project. We will, of course, continue to update the spreadsheet and rank counts periodically.

Thank you again for your interest in the project.
080218-jpg.jpg

@unionblue updated rank/detail count

Recorded as Deserted = 4%

rank-count-deserted-jpg.jpg


chart-rank-deserted-of-28-jpg.jpg




Recorded as Captured and Prisoners of War = 6.25%
rank-count-captured-jpg.jpg


chart-rank-of-captured-pow-jpg.jpg





Recorded as Died as POW = 1% of total sample; 16% of those captured
rank-count-died-pow-jpg.jpg


chart-rank-died-pow-jpg.jpg




Recorded as Wounded (including mortally) = 5.5%

rank-count-wounded-jpg.jpg


chart-rank-wounded-jpg.jpg





Recorded as Died of disease or unknown cause = 3.25%
(Sorry chart should read "Died of disease OR unknown cause")
rank-count-died-disease-jpg.jpg


chart-rank-died-of-disease-or-unknown-jpg.jpg

================================
If you'd like to discuss the contents of this thread, please check out the Discussion Thread!
 
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Joined
Dec 31, 2010
Location
Kingsport, Tennessee
Walter.jpg


Walter C. Whittle : A 46 year-old Barber And Musician. 5' 11", dark complexion, hazel eyes, dark hair. Enlisted and mustered on 4/23/1861, as a Private, into "B" Co. VA 4th Cavalry. He was discharged for overage on 7/23/1862.

Household is headed by a 70 year-old Rebecca Jackson. (Perhaps Walter's mother-in-law) ? Also Rebecca Whittle age 19, and 1 year-old Arabella Whittle. I failed to locate him in 1860.

Name Walter Whittle
Event Type Census
Event Year 1850
Event Place Richmond, Henrico, Virginia, United States
Gender Male
Age 22 (estimated)
Occupation Barber
Race Mulatto
Race (Original) M
Birth Year (Estimated) 1828
Birthplace Virginia
House Number 1304

His discharge from the Confederate Army :

discharge.jpg
 
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Joined
Dec 31, 2010
Location
Kingsport, Tennessee
Pvt. Hawkins Wesley Carter of the 46th NC Troops served for the entire war in various capacities. According to Carter’s 1927 Confederate pension application, he “threw up breast works, worked on the railroad, cooked, waited on white soldiers, and fought seven days at the 1864 Wilderness Campaign in Virginia. No service file.

Hawkins Carter
United States Census, 1860
Name Hawkins Carter
Event Type Census
Event Date 1860
Event Place Warren, North Carolina, United States
Gender Male
Age 54
Race Mulatto
Race (Original) Mulatto
Birth Year (Estimated) 1806
Birthplace Warren Co North Carolina
Page 70

wesley carter.jpg
 
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Joined
Dec 31, 2010
Location
Kingsport, Tennessee
Charles Lutz fought at 1st Bull Run, Gaines Mill, and Fredericksburg . He was captured and paroled during the Chancellorsville campaign. He returned in time to fight at 2nd Winchester. He received a serious arm wound and was again captured at Gettysburg. Paroled and sent home to recover, he lost his other arm to amputation . Received a pension in 1900.

Charles F C Lutz
United States Census, 1860
Name Charles F C Lutz
Event Type Census
Event Date 1860
Event Place St Landry, Opelousas, Louisiana, United States
Gender Male
Age 20
Race Mulatto
Race (Original) Mulatto
Birth Year (Estimated) 1840
Birthplace St Landry
Page 123


Charles Lutz left in PA.jpg




Page one of his pension application :

charles lutz pension.jpg
 
Joined
Feb 15, 2013
Location
Killarney, Ireland
Mulatto

Private Hilery Braddy, Company A, 4th Battalion Georgia Sharpshooters

Appears in the 1850 Warren County, Georgia Census living with his father Cullen Braddy. All people in the household are white except for Hilery and his younger sister Artilla who are lised as Mulatto. Family states that Hilery was the son of Cullen Braddy and an unknown black woman. I don't have fold 3 so I can't post his service record but someone else can look up his service record if interested, he certainly was a soldier. He was admitted to a hispital in Westpoint Mississippi in January 1865 suffering from a contusion...probably a wound suffered at the Battle of Nashville. In 1860, 1870 and 1880, HIlery is living in Glascock County Georgia...all those censues but one list him as Mulatto. Again don't have fold three but all information I provided can be looked up easily.
 
Joined
Dec 31, 2010
Location
Kingsport, Tennessee
Mulatto

Private Hilery Braddy, Company A, 4th Battalion Georgia Sharpshooters

Appears in the 1850 Warren County, Georgia Census living with his father Cullen Braddy. All people in the household are white except for Hilery and his younger sister Artilla who are lised as Mulatto. Family states that Hilery was the son of Cullen Braddy and an unknown black woman. I don't have fold 3 so I can't post his service record but someone else can look up his service record if interested, he certainly was a soldier. He was admitted to a hispital in Westpoint Mississippi in January 1865 suffering from a contusion...probably a wound suffered at the Battle of Nashville. In 1860, 1870 and 1880, HIlery is living in Glascock County Georgia...all those censues but one list him as Mulatto. Again don't have fold three but all information I provided can be looked up easily.

Hillary Braddy
United States Census, 1850
Name Hillary Braddy
Event Type Census
Event Year 1850
Event Place Warren county, Warren, Georgia, United States
Gender Male
Age 16
Race Mulatto
Race (Original) M
Birth Year (Estimated) 1834
Birthplace Georgia
House Number 19
.................................................................................................................
Hillry Braddy
United States Census, 1860
Name Hillry Braddy
Event Type Census
Event Date 1860
Event Place 1169th Georgia Militia District, Glasscock, Georgia, United States
Gender Male
Age 25
Race White
Birth Year (Estimated) 1835
Birthplace Georgia
Page 207
................................................................................................................
H Braddy.jpg

h.b..jpg
 
Joined
Feb 15, 2013
Location
Killarney, Ireland
Hillary Braddy
United States Census, 1850
Name Hillary Braddy
Event Type Census
Event Year 1850
Event Place Warren county, Warren, Georgia, United States
Gender Male
Age 16
Race Mulatto
Race (Original) M
Birth Year (Estimated) 1834
Birthplace Georgia
House Number 19
.................................................................................................................
Hillry Braddy
United States Census, 1860
Name Hillry Braddy
Event Type Census
Event Date 1860
Event Place 1169th Georgia Militia District, Glasscock, Georgia, United States
Gender Male
Age 25
Race White
Birth Year (Estimated) 1835
Birthplace Georgia
Page 207
................................................................................................................
View attachment 175773
View attachment 175774
Thank you, the 1860 Census is the only one where Hilery is listed as White, in the 1870 and 1880 Glascock Co. Georgia Censuses he is also listed as Mulatto.
 

Viper21

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Location
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enhance.jpg


Virginia has 522 such pensions on file....

http://lva-linux-temp.hosted.exlibr...set_number=001944&set_entry=000002&format=999

Alabama lists around 121 like this...

http://www.archives.alabama.gov/civilwar/soldier.cfm?id=185630

South Carolina lists 330 black confederate pensions on file ...

http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/SearchResults.aspx

There's roughly a thousand pensions (available for view online) for Blacks who served the Confederacy in just 3 states. I'm not gonna go pull every one of em but, the info is available for anyone who cares to look.
 

19thGeorgia

1st Lieutenant
Joined
Apr 4, 2017
Name: James Humbles
Rank: Bugler (Private)...
Unit Name: Company C, 1st Virginia Cavalry...
Status: Non-Combatant
Link: https://www.fold3.com/image/271/6841417
"James Humbles, a bugler with the First Virginia Cavalry, single-handedly killed a Union soldier during a skirmish at Falling Waters on July 2, 1861."
Virginia at War, 1861 by William Davis, p.98
...and I believe there's another book that mentions that he was armed. Don't recall the title.
 
Joined
Dec 31, 2010
Location
Kingsport, Tennessee
James Humbles, Co. C, 1st Virginia Cavalry
Enlisted April 18, 1861. Was in service to at least August 31.
"Mustering officer thinks this man cannot (should not) be mustered in."

View attachment 175952

Possibly the man mentioned in this report written by "Stonewall" Jackson, just before he became "Stonewall"?

"Colonel Stuart reports his capture of an entire company (the Fifteenth Pennsylvania Volunteers), with the exception of the captain. Three, resisting, were killed. He further reports that "one of the enemy was killed by a negro of Captain Carter's and one of Captain Patrick's company." The following is his list of prisoners: Forty-three privates, Fifteenth Pennsylvania Volunteers; one second lieutenant, one surgeon, one (position not know), but all of the Fifteenth Pennsylvania Volunteers; one private First Wisconsin Volunteers; two privates Second U. S. Cavalry, mounted and equipped; making a total of forty-nine. He reports one wounded and two missing. The enemy, he states, entered Martinsburg at 12 m. to-day".

Read the full report here :
War of the Rebellion: Serial 002 Page 0186 OPERATIONS IN MD., PA., VA., AND W. VA. Chapter IX.
 
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