Confederate Unit Strengths in the Atlanta Campaign (Corps, Divisions, Brigades, and Regiments)

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Luke Freet

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In another thread, I asked other contributors about records of unit strengths in the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia during the Overland Campaign (Link here: https://civilwartalk.com/threads/confederate-unit-strengths-in-the-overland-campaign-army-corps-division-and-or-brigade.155605/). I wish to posit the same question in regards to the Army of Tennessee at the time of the Atlanta Campaign.
I have only vague suggestions on this issue. The best I could find were the John Tiller Civil War sim game Atlanta Campaign (yeah, video games, not good source). Otherwise, I have a quote from Craig Symond's bio on Pat Cleburne that his division started the campaign at 5218 effectives (Stonewall of the West pg. 219). Albert Castel is rather vague with his numbers, saying in Decision in the West that Cheatham's Divison numbered approximately 6000 men (pg. 50), Stewart's Division approximately 4000 (pg. 225), Colonel Nisbet's 66th Georgia Regiment was about 1000 men strong (pg. 106), etc. He does gives total effective infantry (of the 7 infantry division in North Georgia) at 41279 men (pg. 106), and the army's Artillery Corps at 3227 present for duty (pg. 108); and the total men in the field ("aggregate present") at 63807, 54500 "present for duty", and 43887 "effectives" (pg. 111). These numbers are nice on their own, but they are very vague and not well broken down.
So, I ask for any more detailed numbers if they are out their. I'd like to single out @AUG and @67th Tigers as they were quite helpful on the earlier thread.
 

Coonewah Creek

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Well, not exactly detailed, but I've found that the Australian researchers (Keating and Trout) who designed the old SSG Civil War Battles computer games were pretty dang accurate (within rounding to the nearest 100 men). Here is their breakdown on the Battle of Atlanta (Hood's Second Sortie). So of course, previous losses up to this point would need to be deducted. Again, the information is limited from a full OoB standpoint because primarily only McPherson's Army of the Tennessee was involved on the Union side:

Union Forces (Army of the Tennessee)

Army HQ (attached)
Wangelin's Brigade: 800
Sherman's Detachment: 700

Logan's Corps
Wood's Division (12 guns)
Milo Smith's Brigade: 1400
Williamson's Brigade: 1300

Morgan Smith's Division (16 guns)
Martin's Brigade: 1900
Lightburn's Brigade: 2000

Harrow's Divison (12 guns)
Williams' Brigade: 1900
Walcutt's Brigade: 1700
Oliver's Brigade: 1200

Dodge's Corps
Sweeny's Division (12 guns)
Rice's Brigade: 1500
Mersey's Brigade: 1400

Fuller's Division (10 guns)
Morrill's Brigade: 1700
Sprague's Brigade: 1500

Blair's Corps
Leggett's Division (22 guns)
Force's Brigade: 1800
Scott's Brigade: 1400
Malloy's Brigade: 1100

Giles Smith's Division (22 guns)
Potts' Brigade: 1900
Hall's Brigade: 1800

Confederate Forces (Army of Tennessee)

Army HQ (attached)
Beckham's Artillery Battalion (24 guns)

Hardee's Corps
Maney's Division (18 guns)
Walker's Brigade: 1200
Carter's Brigade: 1300
Strahl's Brigade: 1100
Magevney's Brigade: 900

Cleburne's Division (14 guns)
Lowrey's Brigade: 1200
Govan's Brigade: 1100
A. Smith's Brigade: 1100
Reserve Brigade: 800

Walker's Division
Gist's Brigade: 1300
Stevens' Brigade: 1000
Mercer's Brigade: 900

Bate's Division (14 guns)
Lewis' Brigade: 1000
Tyler's Brigade: 1200
Finley's Brigade: 900

Cheatham's Corps
Brown's Division (14 guns)
Deas' Brigade: 1200
Manigault's Brigade: 1100
Sharp's Brigade: 1200
Brantly's Brigade: 800

Stevenson's Division (14 guns)
Cook's Brigade: 1100
Cummng's Brigade: 1200
Reynolds' Brigade: 1000
Pettus' Brigade: 1100

Clayton's Division (14 guns)
Stovall's Brigade: 1300
Holtzclaw's Brigade: 1100
Baker's Brigade: 1100
Gibson's Brigade: 1400

Gustavus Smith's Division (8 guns)
Carswell's Brigade: 1400
Phillips' Brigade: 1500
 

Luke Freet

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Messages
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Well, not exactly detailed, but I've found that the Australian researchers (Keating and Trout) who designed the old SSG Civil War Battles computer games were pretty dang accurate (within rounding to the nearest 100 men). Here is their breakdown on the Battle of Atlanta (Hood's Second Sortie). So of course, previous losses up to this point would need to be deducted. Again, the information is limited from a full OoB standpoint because primarily only McPherson's Army of the Tennessee was involved on the Union side:

Union Forces (Army of the Tennessee)

Army HQ (attached)
Wangelin's Brigade: 800
Sherman's Detachment: 700

Logan's Corps
Wood's Division (12 guns)
Milo Smith's Brigade: 1400
Williamson's Brigade: 1300

Morgan Smith's Division (16 guns)
Martin's Brigade: 1900
Lightburn's Brigade: 2000

Harrow's Divison (12 guns)
Williams' Brigade: 1900
Walcutt's Brigade: 1700
Oliver's Brigade: 1200

Dodge's Corps
Sweeny's Division (12 guns)
Rice's Brigade: 1500
Mersey's Brigade: 1400

Fuller's Division (10 guns)
Morrill's Brigade: 1700
Sprague's Brigade: 1500

Blair's Corps
Leggett's Division (22 guns)
Force's Brigade: 1800
Scott's Brigade: 1400
Malloy's Brigade: 1100

Giles Smith's Division (22 guns)
Potts' Brigade: 1900
Hall's Brigade: 1800

Confederate Forces (Army of Tennessee)

Army HQ (attached)
Beckham's Artillery Battalion (24 guns)

Hardee's Corps
Maney's Division (18 guns)
Walker's Brigade: 1200
Carter's Brigade: 1300
Strahl's Brigade: 1100
Magevney's Brigade: 900

Cleburne's Division (14 guns)
Lowrey's Brigade: 1200
Govan's Brigade: 1100
A. Smith's Brigade: 1100
Reserve Brigade: 800

Walker's Division
Gist's Brigade: 1300
Stevens' Brigade: 1000
Mercer's Brigade: 900

Bate's Division (14 guns)
Lewis' Brigade: 1000
Tyler's Brigade: 1200
Finley's Brigade: 900

Cheatham's Corps
Brown's Division (14 guns)
Deas' Brigade: 1200
Manigault's Brigade: 1100
Sharp's Brigade: 1200
Brantly's Brigade: 800

Stevenson's Division (14 guns)
Cook's Brigade: 1100
Cummng's Brigade: 1200
Reynolds' Brigade: 1000
Pettus' Brigade: 1100

Clayton's Division (14 guns)
Stovall's Brigade: 1300
Holtzclaw's Brigade: 1100
Baker's Brigade: 1100
Gibson's Brigade: 1400

Gustavus Smith's Division (8 guns)
Carswell's Brigade: 1400
Phillips' Brigade: 1500
This is helpful in a general sense, though JT's Atlanta Campaign has more detailed numbers
 
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Luke Freet

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Looked through my docs and found a compiled OoB based off the numbers in John Tiller, Numbers for Hardee's and Hood's/Cheatham's/S.D. Lee's Corps and the Georgia Militia from the Battle of Atlanta Scenario, Polk's/A.P. Stewart's Corps from the Ezra Church CSA scenario:
  • Hardee's Corps: 17848
    • Cheatham's Division: 3667
      • Walker's Brigade: 1077
        • 1st/27th Tn: 231
        • 4th Tn (P.A.): 137
        • 6th/9th Tn: 235
        • 41st Tn: 245
        • 50th Tn: 229
      • Carter's Brigade: 986
        • 8th Tn: 139
        • 16th Tn: 135
        • 28th Tn: 232
        • 38th Tn: 235
        • 51st/52nd Tn: 245
      • Vaughan's Brigade: 776
        • 11th Tn: 165
        • 12th/47th Tn: 235
        • 29th Tn: 141
        • 13th/154th Tn: 235
      • Strahl’s Brigade: 828
        • 4th/5th Tn: 222
        • 19th Tn: 125
        • 24th Tn: 137
        • 31st Tn: 121
        • 33rd Tn: 223
    • Cleburne's Division: 5455
      • Govan’s Brigade: 1733
        • 2nd/24th Ak: 182
        • 5th/13th Ak: 280
        • 6th/7th Ak: 281
        • 8th/19th Ak: 240
        • *1st/15th Ak: 231
        • 3rd Confederate: 329
      • Smith’s/Granbury's Brigade: 1529 (1789)
        • 6th/15h Tx: 241
        • 7th Tx: 180
        • 10th Tx: 292
        • 17th/18th Tx Cav: 240 (500)
        • 24th/25th Tx Cav: 260
        • *5th Confederate: 81
        • *35th/48th Tn: 142
      • Lowery's Brigade: 1933
        • 16th Al: 181
        • 33rd Al: 280
        • 45th Al: 303
        • 32nd Ms: 180
        • 45th Ms: 217
        • **5th Ms: 320
        • **8th Ms: 360
    • W.H.T. Walker's Division: 5851
      • Gist’s Brigade: 2061
        • 16th SC: 333
        • 24th SC: 330
        • 46th Ga: 331
        • 8th Ga Bn: 335
        • 65th Ga: 402
        • 2nd Ga S.S. Bn: 330
      • Mercer's Brigade: 1302
        • 1st Ga Vol: 335
        • 54th Ga: 329
        • 57th Ga: 320
        • 63rd Ga: 322
      • Nisbet’s Brigade: 2141
        • 1st Ga Conf.: 460
        • 25th Ga: 421
        • 29th Ga: 420
        • 30th Ga: 420
        • 66th Ga; 420
      • **J. K. Jackson’s Brigade: 1735
        • 5th Ga: 390
        • 47th Ga: 347
        • 65th Ga: 402
        • 2nd Ga S.S. Bn: 330
        • 5th Ms: 320
        • 8th Ms: 360
    • Bate’s Division: 2875
      • T. Smith's Brigade: 1112
        • *2nd Tn (P.A.): 119
        • 10th Tn: 192
        • 15th/37th Tn: 184
        • 20th Tn: 270
        • 30th Tn: 211
        • 37th Ga: 136
      • Lewis's Brigade: 1093
        • 2nd Ky: 176
        • 4th Ky: 274
        • 5th Ky: 180
        • 6th Ky: 179
        • 9th Ky: 284
      • Finley’s Brigade: 670
        • 1st/3rd (Cav) Fl: 174
        • 4th Fl: 162
        • 6th Fl: 220
        • 7th Fl: 114

  • S.D. Lee's Corps: 14284
    • Clayton's Division: 4698
      • Holtzclaw's Brigade: 1110
        • 18th Al: 382
        • 32nd/58th Al: 278
        • 36th Al: 281
        • 38th Al: 169
      • Baker’s Brigade: 1113
        • 37th Al: 271
        • 40th Al: 269
        • 42nd Al: 170
        • 54th Al: 403
      • Stovall's Brigade: 703
        • ***1st Ga State Line: 97
        • 40th Ga: 101
        • 41st Ga: 99
        • 42nd Ga: 108
        • 43rd Ga: 100
        • 52nd Ga: 105
      • Gibson's Brigade: 1772
        • 1st La Reg: 281
        • 13th La: 383
        • 16th/25th La: 280
        • 19th La: 284
        • 20th La: 364
        • 14th La S.S. Bn: 180
    • Hindman's Division: 4582
      • Manigault's Brigade: 1135
        • 10th SC: 250
        • 19th SC: 220
        • 24th Al: 231
        • 28th Al: 130
        • 34th Al: 304
      • Dea’s Brigade: 1422
        • 19th Al: 230
        • 22nd Al: 230
        • 25th Al: 153
        • 39th Al: 231
        • 50th Al: 230
        • 17th Al S.S. Bn: 229
      • Walthall's Brigade: 1030
        • 24th/27th Ms: 411
        • 29th/30th Ms: 230
        • 34th Ms: 329
      • Sharp’s Brigade: 995
        • 7th Ms: 101
        • 9th Ms: 233
        • 10th Ms: 140
        • 41st Ms: 160
        • 44th Ms: 230
        • 9th Ms S.S. Bn: 131
    • Stevenson's Division: 5518
      • Brown’s Brigade: 1580
        • 3rd Tn: 270
        • 18th Tn: 255
        • 26th Tn: 355
        • 32nd Tn: 345
        • 23rd/45th Tn: 255
      • Pettus’ Brigade: 1543
        • 20th Al: 245
        • 23rd Al: 320
        • 30th Al: 245
        • 31st Al: 321
        • 46th Al: 312
      • Reynolds’ Brigade: 1210
        • 54th Va: 245
        • 63rd Va: 320
        • 58th NC: 245
        • 60th NC: 320
      • Cumming's Brigade: 1185
        • ***2nd Ga State Line: 93
        • 34th Ga: 240
        • 26th Ga: 241
        • 39th Ga: 323
        • 56th Ga: 326

  • Stewart's Corps: 13759
    • Loring’s Division: 5570
      • Featherston’s Brigade: 1757
        • 3rd Ms: 283
        • 22nd Ms: 245
        • 31st Ms: 335
        • 33rd Ms: 244
        • 40th Ms: 345
        • 1st Ms Bn: 305
      • Adams’ Brigade: 2213
        • 6th Ms: 405
        • 14th Ms: 365
        • 15th Ms: 375
        • 20th Ms: 348
        • 23rd Ms: 265
        • 43rd Ms: 445
      • Scott's Brigade: 1600
        • 27th Al: 195
        • 35th Al: 184
        • 49th Al: 165
        • 55th Al: 365
        • 57th Al: 255
        • 12th La: 436
    • Walthall’s Division: 4161
      • Cantey’s Brigade: 1900
        • 17th Al: 361
        • 26th Al: 400
        • 29th Al: 350
        • 37th Ms: 410
      • D.H. Reynolds' Brigade: 800
        • 1st Ak Mtd Rifles: 190
        • 2nd Ak Mtd Rifles: 153
        • 4th Ak: 114
        • 9th Ak: 150
        • 25th Ak: 166
      • Quarles’ Brigade: 1461
        • 1st Al: 169
        • 4th La Bn: 150
        • 30th La: 162
        • 42nd Tn: 218
        • 46th/55th Tn: 233
        • 48th Tn: 127
        • 49th Tn: 130
        • 53rd Tn: 272
    • French’s Division: 4430
      • Ector’s Brigade: 1677
        • 29th NC: 284
        • 39th NC: 192
        • 9th Tx: 295
        • 10th Tx Cav: 299
        • 14th Tx Cav: 307
        • 32nd Tx Cav: 300
      • Cockrell’s Brigade: 1190
        • 1st/4th Mo: 301
        • 2nd/6th Mo: 302
        • 3rd/5th Mo: 300
        • 1st/3rd Mo Cav: 287
      • Sears Brigade: 1563
        • 4th Ms: 309
        • 35th Ms: 292
        • 36th Ms: 303
        • 46th Ms: 402
        • 7th Ms Bn: 257
  • Wheeler’s Cavalry Corps (Incomplete):
    • Martin’s Division:
      • Iverson’s Ga Brigade: 862
        • 1st Ga Cav: 179
        • 2nd Ga Cav: 173
        • 3rd Ga Cav: 170
        • 4th Ga Cav: 170
        • 6th Ga Cav: 170
      • Allen’s Al Brigade: 1019
        • 1st Al Cav: 170
        • 3rd Al Cav: 171
        • 4th Al Cav: 162
        • 7th Al Cav: 169
        • 51st Al Cav: 176
        • 12th Al Cav Bn: 171
    • Kelly’s Division(In):
      • Grigsby’s Ky Brigade: 789
        • 1st Ky Cav: 203
        • 2nd Ky Cav: 199
        • 9th Ky Cav: 221
        • Dortch’s Ky Bn: 49
        • Allison’s Tn Sq: 76
        • Hamilton’s Tn Bn: 41
    • W. H. Jackson’s Division (In):
      • Armstrong’s Ms Brigade: 816
        • 1st Ms Cav: 202
        • 2nd Ms Cav: 213
        • 28th Ms Cav: 200
        • Ballentine’s Ms Cav: 201
      • Sul Ross’ Tx Brigade: 568
        • 3rd Tx Cav: 190
        • 6th Tx Cav: 181
        • 27th Tx Cav: 197
  • Georgia State Militia:
    • 1st (G. W. Smith’s) Division, Ga Militia: 4571
      • 1st (Carswell’s) Brigade: 1140
        • 1st Regiment: 379
        • 2nd Regiment: 381
        • 3rd Regiment: 380
      • 2nd (Phillips’) Brigade: 1139
        • 4th Regiment: 361
        • 5th Regiment: 392
        • 6th Regiment: 386
      • 3rd (Anderson’s) Brigade: 1131
        • 7th Regiment: 384
        • 8th Regiment: 376
        • 9th Regiment: 371
      • 4th (McKay’s) Brigade: 1161
        • 10th Regiment: 383
        • 11th Regiment: 387
        • 12th Regiment: 391
  • Unassigned units:
    • Youngblood’s Bn: 400
    • Gholson’s Bn: 236

Notation:

*Polk’s Brigade disbanded; 5th Confederate and 35th/48th Tn transferred to J. A. Smith’s Tx Brigade; 1st/15th Ak to Govan’s Brigade; and 2nd Tn (P.A.) t0 T. B. Smith’s Brigade, Bate’s division

**J. K. Jackson’s command broken up sometime in July; 65th Ga Regiment and 2nd Ga S.S. transferred to Gist’s Brigade; 5th and 8th Ms to Lowrey’s Brigade; 5th Ga and 47th Ga most likely sent to Savannah.

***Georgia State Line Troops
 

Luke Freet

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Joined
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Messages
480
So, looked through the OR's finally, and I found these tables
Series 1, Volume 38, Part 3, Pg. 675-676, showing returns for April 30th
1572378172083.png

Pg. 676-677 showing returns for June 10th
1572378225104.png
1572378259927.png

Pg. 678, showing returns for June 30th
1572378306802.png

Pg. 679, returns for July 10th
1572378356584.png

Pg. 680, Returns fur July 31st
1572378460636.png

Pg. 681, Returns for August 10th
1572378524321.png

Pg. 682, Returns for August 20th
1572378573334.png


1572378336384.png
 

Luke Freet

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Joined
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Messages
480
Also, a couple of bizarre things I noticed
1: The 63rd GA Regiment is absolutely huge for a late war confederate regiment, about 3 men shy of the strength of the 26th NC at Gettysburg. I guess it is understandable given it was on garrison duty in Savannah up til that point.
1572379388756.png

2: In the July 10th report, it says J. K. Jackson's Brigade was broken up, with most of its units going to other brigades, except for 5th and 47th GA Infantry Regiments, which are sent to Savannah. I cannot think of why this was done, as Johnston was constantly complaining about needing reinforcements, why 2 large regiments would be sent to the rear.
1572379689235.png
 
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DaveBrt

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Location
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2: In the July 10th report, it says J. K. Jackson's Brigade was broken up, with most of its units going to other brigades, except for 5th and 47th GA Infantry Regiments, which are sent to Savannah. I cannot think of why this was done, as Johnston was constantly complaining about needing reinforcements, why 2 large regiments would be sent to the rear. View attachment 331703
About this time, the Commander of Charleston and Savannah wrote to (IRC) Gen. Cooper with the statement that he had NO infantry in his command -- all of it and most of his field artillery had been sent to Lee and Johnston. These 2 regiments may have been in reply to his vulnerability.
 
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