https://www.familysearch.org/civil-war Didn't know if everyone was aware of The Civil War Records at the Family Search Site. They have Confederate pension records for North Carolina & Tennessee. ( I'm sure not all yet but there's several ) I used the pension records to get the following
James enlisted in the Confederate Army at Jonesboro, Washington County, Tennessee. on May 5,1862 age 18. He joined a local company called the " Kirby Smith Rifles " named for a Major Confederate General in East Tennessee. James mustered into Confederate Service May 13, 1862 at Knoxville where the 63rd Tennessee regiment was organized. He is listed as " present " through the roll till March-April,1863 where he is listed " sick in camp. " He is back with the regiment May-June 1863. July-Aug.1863 his record states " Absent sent to hospital in Knoxville Aug.27,1863 by order of regimental surgeon. " This begins a period of illness that will plague him in his later years. He is back with the regiment from Jan-Aug.1864. Roll for Sept.-Oct.1864 has him " absent without leave since Oct 27,1864." Nov.-Dec.1864 he is back with regiment present and " paid $ 100.00 bounty " ( probably for returning by a certain date. ) The last file card in his CMSR is dated April 11,1865 and states his " name appears on a roll of prisoners of war belonging to the Army of Northern Virginia who have this day been surrendered by Gen.Robert E. Lee, commanding said army to Lieut Gen.U.S.Grant, commanding Armies of the United States. Paroled April 9,1865. Roll dated Hd.Qrs.McComb"s Brigade,April 11,1865. J.J. was one of only 28 enlisted men left of the 63rd. One of only 7 left of Company D. Until his health failed him, James was a brakeman on the East Tennessee railroad.
The following is a transcription of James' pension application to the Sate of Tennessee. He filed Feb.21.1905.He was " accepted " May 1,1906. He states his full name. His address at the time was Rural Route # 1 Afton, Greene County, Tennessee. That in the " late war between the states " in the process of the discharge of his duty as a member of Company D 63rd Regt Volunteer Infantry. ( He underlines Confederate States rather than United States ) he " contracted the following disease or disabilities to wit " Rheumatism. To the question " In what County, State, and year were you born ? " Wilkes, North Carolina 1844. James is next asked to tell when he enlisted, and to tell what command and to name regimental and company officers he served under. " I enlisted 1861 latter part, 63rd regiment, Col.Fain, Bushrod Johnson's Brigade, Capt.A.A. Blair, 1st Lt. James McCollum, 2nd Lt. Carter, 3rd Lt Wilson " He is asked if his " wound or disability is permanent and did he contract it in service ? " Contracted in service which is permanent " Were you incapacitated by said wound or disease ? " I was incapacitated five months while a soldier. James was examined by Dr.George A McClain. Under oath he makes the following statement : " Rheumatism with enlargement of joints of arm and knee and ankle of left leg. This claimant can walk but leans heavily on his staff. Claimant says he has periods of several weeks continuous in which he has to have the aid of another person to dress him and undress him. The old soldier is not able to perform manual labor for the support of his family and is in destitute circumstances. He is worthy and needs aid as his physical condition is bad. "
Two of James old Rebel Comrades vouched for him in statements they made before the Washington County, Tenn Courts 1st is Joseph P. Lyle : " I was in the same company with the applicant and knew him well from the time he came to the company till the 2nd of April,1865 when our lines were broken and I was captured. He was a good and faithfull soldier and was sick at Cumberland Gap. I always understood he was with the company at the surrender. " Feb.18,1906.
Next was James B. Humpherys who states he was " a private in Company D 63rd Tennessee Infantry that James Jefferson Land was with the Company at Strawberry Plains, Jefferson County, Tenn. when I went to the company. We were ordered to Chickamauga and then ordered up through Knoxville, Tenn. and then ordered into Virginia at Petersburg till the close of the war. Said Land was paroled out and said Land was a good soldier during the rebellion and that said Land was sick five or six months while in the army with a fever and further states James Jefferson Land was paroled out of the army of the Confederates.
Greene County, Tennessee
Greene County, Tennessee