Civil War Regiments in Montana Territory

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Aug 1, 2015
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125
Location
Southeastern Montana
#1
A series of union regiments, most of which were raised to fight confederates, instead found themselves far to the west of the Civil War, fighting Native Americans and guarding outposts in Montana Territory. They are listed here:


Infantry

1st United States Volunteer Infantry Regiment
, "Galvanized Yankees", In 1865 an eleven man detachment of Company H served at Fort Benton, deep within Montana Territory, and the same year Company B was stationed at Fort Union, Dakota Territory (just outside the Montana border). The eleven men of Company H gained the designation of serving the farthest north out of all of the "Galvanized Yankees".

8th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment, 2nd Brigade, District of Iowa - Part of Brigadier General Alfred Sully's 1864 Expedition against the Sioux, all ten companies of this regiment, A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, and K, marched along the Yellowstone River in the eastern part of Montana Territory in August, 1864. The regiment was then transferred to the Department of the Cumberland in Tennessee, where it participated in the Third Battle of Murfreesboro in December, 1864, going on to fight with the 23rd Corps at the Battle of Wyse Fork, North Carolina in March, 1865. In the last year of the Civil War, the 8th Minnesota saw service in Minnesota, Dakota Territory, Montana Territory, Alabama, Washington, D.C., and North Carolina, traveling more miles during that time than any other regiment of the Union Army.

30th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment, One company, I, of this regiment garrisoned Fort Union, Dakota Territory from June, 1864 until June, 1865. Fort Union is located just outside of Montana inside the present-day North Dakota border.


Cavalry

1st Dakota Territory Volunteer Cavalry Battalion
, 2nd Brigade, District of Iowa - Part of Brigadier General Alfred Sully's 1864 Expedition against the Sioux, the two companies, A and B, that made up this battalion marched along the Yellowstone River in the eastern part of Montana Territory in August, 1864.

1st Nebraska Volunteer Cavalry Regiment
, 2nd Brigade, District of Iowa - Part of Brigadier General Alfred Sully's 1864 Expedition against the Sioux, this regiment marched along the Yellowstone River in the eastern part of Montana Territory in August, 1864.

2nd California Volunteer Cavalry Regiment, Western Column, Powder River Expedition - Two companies, L and M, of this regiment accompanied Colonel James H. Kidd's left column of the Powder River Expedition of 1865, traveling down the Tongue River valley.

2nd Minnesota Volunteer Cavalry Regiment
, 2nd Brigade, District of Iowa - Part of Brigadier General Alfred Sully's 1864 Expedition against the Sioux, six companies of this regiment marched along the Yellowstone River in the eastern part of Montana Territory in August, 1864.

6th Iowa Volunteer Cavalry Regiment, 1st Brigade, District of Iowa - Part of Brigadier General Alfred Sully's 1864 Expedition against the Sioux, eleven companies of this regiment marched along the Yellowstone River in the eastern part of Montana Territory in August, 1864.

6th Michigan Volunteer Cavalry Regiment, Western Column, Powder River Expedition - This regiment, which is most famous for being part of Custer's Michigan Cavalry Brigade in the Army of the Potomac, found four of its companies accompanying Colonel James H. Kidd's western column of the Powder River Expedition of 1865, traveling down the Tongue River valley.

7th Iowa Volunteer Cavalry Regiment
, 1st Brigade, District of Iowa and Western Column, Powder River Expedition - Part of Brigadier General Alfred Sully's 1864 Expedition against the Sioux, three companies of this regiment marched along the Yellowstone River in the eastern part of Montana Territory in August, 1864. The next year, one company, F, of the regiment accompanied Colonel James H. Kidd's western column of the Powder River Expedition of 1865, traveling down the Tongue River valley.

11th Ohio Volunteer Cavalry Regiment, Western Column, Powder River Expedition - This regiment, initially organized as the 7th Ohio Cavalry and then the 6th Ohio Cavalry, found two of its companies, E and K, accompanying Colonel James H. Kidd's western column of the Powder River Expedition of 1865, traveling down the Tongue River valley.

12th Missouri Volunteer Cavalry Regiment, Eastern Column, Powder River Expedition - All twelve companies of this regiment, A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, K, L, and M, marched out from Omaha, Nebraska as part of Colonel Nelson D. Cole's eastern column of the Powder River Expedition of 1865, participating in fighting against Native American's throughout the Powder River country of southeastern Montana.

15th Kansas Volunteer Cavalry Regiment, Central Column, Powder River Expedition - One company of this regiment, H, acting as an artillery battery marched north from Fort Laramie, Dakota Territory as part of Lieutenant Colonel Samuel Walker's central column of the Powder River Expedition of 1865, participating in fighting against Native American's throughout the Powder River country of southeastern Montana.

16th Kansas Volunteer Cavalry Regiment, Central Column, Powder River Expedition - Eight companies of this regiment marched north from Fort Laramie, Dakota Territory as part of Lieutenant Colonel Samuel Walker's central column of the Powder River Expedition of 1865, participating in fighting against Native American's throughout the Powder River country of southeastern Montana.

Brackett's Minnesota Volunteer Cavalry Battalion, 1st Brigade, District of Iowa - This battalion, which had previously been attached to the 5th Iowa Cavalry in the western theater of the Civil War, made up part of Brigadier General Alfred Sully's 1864 Expedition against the Sioux. Brackett's Battalion marched along the Yellowstone River in the eastern part of Montana Territory in August, 1864.

Independent Minnesota Volunteer Cavalry Battalion, 2nd Brigade, District of Iowa - Part of Brigadier General Alfred Sully's 1864 Expedition against the Sioux, this battalion marched along the Yellowstone River in the eastern part of Montana Territory in August, 1864.

Independent Company, Omaha and Winnebago Scouts, Nebraska Cavalry, Western Column, Powder River Expedition - This independent company, made up of Omaha's and Winnebago's, accompanied Colonel James H. Kidd's western column of the Powder River Expedition of 1865, scouting throughout the Tongue River valley.

Independent Company, Pawnee Scouts, Nebraska Cavalry, Western Column, Powder River Expedition - This company, made up of Pawnee's, accompanied Colonel James H. Kidd's western column of the Powder River Expedition of 1865, fighting and scouting in the Tongue and Powder River country in southeastern Montana.

Stuff'ts Independent Company of Indian Scouts, Nebraska Cavalry, 2nd Brigade, District of Iowa - Part of Brigadier General Alfred Sully's 1864 Expedition against the Sioux, this company marched along the Yellowstone River in the eastern part of Montana Territory in August, 1864.


Artillery

2nd Missouri Volunteer Light Artillery Regiment, Eastern and Western Columns, Powder River Expedition - After serving in the South, with Battery H fighting at the Battles of Pilot Knob, Little Blue River, Big Blue River, and Westport in Missouri, and at the Battle of Mine Creek in Kansas, seven Batteries of this regiment, B, C, D, E, H, L, and M, mounted and equipped as cavalry, marched out from Omaha, Nebraska as part of Colonel Nelson D. Cole's eastern column of the Powder River Expedition of 1865, participating in fighting against Native American's throughout the Powder River country of southeastern Montana. Also, a detachment of 14 men from this regiment accompanied Colonel James H. Kidd's western column of the same Expedition, traveling through the Tongue River valley.

3rd Minnesota Volunteer Independent Light Artillery Battery, 2nd Brigade, District of Iowa - Part of Brigadier General Alfred Sully's 1864 Expedition against the Sioux, this battery marched along the Yellowstone River in the eastern part of the Montana Territory in August, 1864.

Prairie Independent Light Artillery Battery, 1st Brigade, District of Iowa - Part of Brigadier General Alfred Sully's 1864 Expedition against the Sioux, this battery marched along the Yellowstone River in the eastern part of the Montana Territory in August, 1864.


Miscellaneous

United States Signal Corps, Western and Eastern Columns, Powder River Expedition - Two separate U.S. Signal Corps detachments, both made up of men from the Department of Missouri who had recently participated in Civil War campaigns in the east, accompanied the Powder River Expedition of 1865, with the first detachment of 15 men accompanying Colonel James Kidd's western column in traveling down the Tongue River valley, and the second detachment of 7 men joining Colonel Nelson D. Cole's eastern column from Omaha, Nebraska, campaigning against Native American's throughout the Powder River country of southeastern Montana.
 
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chellers

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#2
A series of union regiments, most of which were raised to fight confederates, instead found themselves far to the west of the Civil War, fighting Native Americans and guarding outposts in Montana Territory. They are listed here:


Infantry

1st United States Volunteer Infantry Regiment
, "Galvanized Yankees", In 1865 Company H served at Fort Benton, deep within Montana Territory, and the same year Company B was stationed at Fort Union, Dakota Territory (just outside the Montana border). Company H gained the designation of serving the farthest north out of all the companies of the "Galvanized Yankees".

8th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment, 2nd Brigade, District of Iowa - Part of Brigadier General Alfred Sully's 1864 Expedition against the Sioux, ten companies of this regiment marched along the Yellowstone River in the eastern part of Montana Territory in July, 1864. This regiment was then transferred to the Department of the Cumberland and Nashville, Tennessee, going on to fight with the 23rd Corps at the Battle of Wyse Fork, North Carolina. In the last year of the Civil War, the 8th Minnesota saw service in Minnesota, Dakota Territory, Montana Territory, Alabama, Washington, D.C., and North Carolina, traveling more miles than any other regiment of the Union Army.

30th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment, One company (I) of this regiment garrisoned Fort Union, Dakota Territory from 1864 until June, 1865. Fort Union is located just outside of Montana inside the present-day North Dakota border.


Cavalry

1st Dakota Territory Volunteer Cavalry Battalion
, 2nd Brigade, District of Iowa - Part of Brigadier General Alfred Sully's 1864 Expedition against the Sioux, the two companies (A and B) that made up this battalion marched along the Yellowstone River in the eastern part of Montana Territory in July, 1864.

1st Nebraska Volunteer Cavalry Regiment
, 2nd Brigade, District of Iowa - Part of Brigadier General Alfred Sully's 1864 Expedition against the Sioux, this regiment marched along the Yellowstone River in the eastern part of Montana Territory in July, 1864.

2nd California Volunteer Cavalry Regiment, Western Column, Powder River Expedition - Two companies (L and M) of this regiment accompanied Colonel James H. Kidd's left column of the Powder River Expedition of 1865, traveling down the Tongue River valley.

2nd Minnesota Volunteer Cavalry Regiment
, 2nd Brigade, District of Iowa - Part of Brigadier General Alfred Sully's 1864 Expedition against the Sioux, six companies of this regiment marched along the Yellowstone River in the eastern part of Montana Territory in July, 1864.

6th Iowa Volunteer Cavalry Regiment, 1st Brigade, District of Iowa - Part of Brigadier General Alfred Sully's 1864 Expedition against the Sioux, eleven companies of this regiment marched along the Yellowstone River in the eastern part of Montana Territory in July, 1864.

6th Michigan Volunteer Cavalry Regiment, Western Column, Powder River Expedition - This regiment, which is most famous for being part of Custer's Michigan Cavalry Brigade in the Army of the Potomac, found four of its companies accompanying Colonel James H. Kidd's western column of the Powder River Expedition of 1865, traveling down the Tongue River valley.

7th Iowa Volunteer Cavalry Regiment
, 1st Brigade, District of Iowa and Western Column, Powder River Expedition - Part of Brigadier General Alfred Sully's 1864 Expedition against the Sioux, three companies of this regiment marched along the Yellowstone River in the eastern part of Montana Territory in July, 1864. The next year, one company (F) of the regiment accompanied Colonel James H. Kidd's western column of the Powder River Expedition of 1865, traveling down the Tongue River valley.

11th Ohio Volunteer Cavalry Regiment, Western Column, Powder River Expedition - This regiment, initially organized as the 7th Ohio Cavalry and then the 6th Ohio Cavalry, found two of its companies (E and K) accompanying Colonel James H. Kidd's western column of the Powder River Expedition of 1865, traveling down the Tongue River valley.

12th Missouri Volunteer Cavalry Regiment, Eastern Column, Powder River Expedition - All twelve companies of this regiment (A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, K, L, and M) marched out from Omaha, Nebraska as part of Colonel Nelson D. Cole's eastern column of the Powder River Expedition of 1865, participating in fighting against Native American's throughout the Powder River country of southeastern Montana.

15th Kansas Volunteer Cavalry Regiment, Central Column, Powder River Expedition - One company of this regiment, (H) acting as an artillery battery marched north from Fort Laramie, Dakota Territory as part of Lieutenant Colonel Samuel Walker's central column of the Powder River Expedition of 1865, participating in fighting against Native American's throughout the Powder River country of southeastern Montana.

16th Kansas Volunteer Cavalry Regiment, Central Column, Powder River Expedition - Eight companies of this regiment marched north from Fort Laramie, Dakota Territory as part of Lieutenant Colonel Samuel Walker's central column of the Powder River Expedition of 1865, participating in fighting against Native American's throughout the Powder River country of southeastern Montana.

Brackett's Minnesota Volunteer Cavalry Battalion, 1st Brigade, District of Iowa - Part of Brigadier General Alfred Sully's 1864 Expedition against the Sioux, this regiment marched along the Yellowstone River in the eastern part of Montana Territory in July, 1864.

Independent Minnesota Volunteer Cavalry Battalion, 2nd Brigade, District of Iowa - Part of Brigadier General Alfred Sully's 1864 Expedition against the Sioux, this battalion marched along the Yellowstone River in the eastern part of Montana Territory in July, 1864.

Independent Company, Omaha and Winnebago Scouts, Nebraska Cavalry, Western Column, Powder River Expedition - This company, made up of Omaha's and Winnebago's, accompanied Colonel James H. Kidd's western column of the Powder River Expedition of 1865, scouting throughout the Tongue River valley.

Independent Company, Pawnee Scouts, Nebraska Cavalry, Western Column, Powder River Expedition - This company, made up of Pawnee's, accompanied Colonel James H. Kidd's western column of the Powder River Expedition of 1865, fighting and scouting around the Tongue and Powder River country in southeastern Montana.

Stuff'ts Independent Company of Indian Scouts, Nebraska Cavalry, 2nd Brigade, District of Iowa - Part of Brigadier General Alfred Sully's 1864 Expedition against the Sioux, this company marched along the Yellowstone River in the eastern part of Montana Territory in July, 1864.


Artillery

2nd Missouri Volunteer Light Artillery Regiment, Eastern and Western Columns, Powder River Expedition - After serving in the South (with Battery H fighting at the battles of Pilot Knob, Little Blue River, Big Blue River, and Westport, in Missouri, and at the Battle of Mine Creek, Kansas), seven Batteries of this regiment (B, C, D, E, H, L, and M) equipped as cavalry marched out from Omaha, Nebraska as part of Colonel Nelson D. Cole's eastern column of the Powder River Expedition of 1865, participating in fighting against Native American's throughout the Powder River country of southeastern Montana. Also, a detachment of 14 men from this regiment accompanied Colonel James H. Kidd's western column of the same Expedition, traveling through the Tongue River valley.

3rd Minnesota Volunteer Independent Light Artillery Battery, 2nd Brigade, District of Iowa - Part of Brigadier General Alfred Sully's 1864 Expedition against the Sioux, this battery marched along the Yellowstone River in the eastern part of the Montana Territory in 1864.

Prairie Independent Light Artillery Battery, 1st Brigade, District of Iowa - Part of Brigadier General Alfred Sully's 1864 Expedition against the Sioux, this battery marched along the Yellowstone River in the eastern part of the Montana Territory in 1864.


Miscellaneous

United States Signal Corps, Western and Eastern Columns, Powder River Expedition - Two separate U.S. Signal Corps detachments, both made up of men from the Department of Missouri who had recently participated in Civil War campaigns in the east, accompanied the Powder River Expedition of 1865, with the first detachment of 15 men accompanying Colonel James Kidd's western column in traveling down the Tongue River valley, and the second detachment of 7 men joining Colonel Nelson D. Cole's eastern column from Omaha, Nebraska, campaigning against Native American's throughout the Powder River country of southeastern Montana.
Hello Montana Territory,

Welcome to Civil War Talk; we're glad you joined us.

Respectfully,
Chellers
 

Legion Para

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#4
Welcome to the forum Montana Territory.

Your avatar shows a soldier from the 26th Wisconsin, the Siegel Regiment? Any family connection?
 

johan_steele

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South of the North 40
#8
An oft forgotten aspect of the war. At one point the "galvanized" men were told that if they wanted to desert they were welcome to as the Lakota, Cheyenne etc were avid collectors and any white mans scalp would do.

Some of those men liked Montana enough to make Montana home & form the only GAR hall in the country to share a building with Their CS brethren.
 
Joined
Aug 1, 2015
Messages
125
Location
Southeastern Montana
#10
Welcome to the forum Montana Territory.

Your avatar shows a soldier from the 26th Wisconsin, the Siegel Regiment? Any family connection?
Yes, very much so.

The photograph is of Private, later Corporal John Held, a member of Company D, 26th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment. He was born in 1839 in Germany, and immigrated to Racine, Wisconsin. On August 19th, 1862, at the age of 22 or 23, he enlisted from Racine into the "Sigel Regiment", and fought at Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wauhatchie, Resaca, New Hope Church, Marietta, Kennesaw Mountain, and Peachtree Creek, Georgia, where he was killed in action on July 20th, 1864.

The following letter was written by John's company commander to inform Joseph Held of his brother's death:

Head Quarters of Company D
26th Wis Vol Infantry
Atlanta Ga. Oct. 10th 1864

The undersigned August Bartsch Captain, hereby
certifies from personal knowledge, that John
Held late a Corporal of Co. D 26th Wisconsin
Inf. Vol. was killed on the Twentieth day of -
July 1864 in action Peach Tree Creek Ga.
and while in the service of the U.S., and in the
line of his duty as a soldier by a Rifle Ball
fired by the enemy of the U.S. in consequence of
which he was killed instantly.

August Bartsch
Capt Comd'g Co D 26th Regt Wis Vol Infy

Corporal Held is buried in the Marietta National Cemetery in Marietta, Georgia, and I visited his grave in April.

He is my third great uncle and is the only American Civil War relative that I know of who shares my last name. John never married, but his brother Joseph Held (who is my paternal third great grandfather) had two brother-in-laws who also served Wisconsin in the war: Private Ferdinand Seitz of Company B, 18th Wisconsin Infantry, and Private Joseph Seitz of Company K, 26th Wisconsin Infantry who both survived.

I hope that is helpful.
 


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