Cabell’s Artillery Unleashes Against the Union Third Corps

Tom Elmore

1st Lieutenant
Member of the Year
Joined
Jan 16, 2015
Twelve cannon from Cabell’s battalion open on the Peach Orchard and the ground beyond. Three artillery batteries and three infantry brigades of the Third Corps (under Graham, Carr and Brewster) come under fire in advanced positions along the Emmitsburg road. Hunt orders up fresh batteries from the artillery reserve. Meade’s meeting with Sickles is cut short. Map reflects positions as of 3:30 p.m. (Cabell’s batteries are not shown – they extend beyond Kershaw’s right, off the southern edge of the map.)

My battalion opened the fire” – Colonel Henry C. Cabell.

Captain [Henry H.] Carlton ordered a fire from the [two] Parrotts to be opened on the enemy, who were endeavoring to place a battery in position on the left, near the [peach] orchard” – Lieutenant Columbus W. Motes, Carlton’s Battery.

Very soon … they [3rd Michigan skirmishers] were driven back across the road upon their supports, and almost simultaneously with their withdrawal, our battalion opened fire upon the force in the peach orchard and field. … The firing was the most rapid I have ever witnessed, and the earth literally vibrated under the continuous roar” – Private Andrew W. Reese, Carlton’s Battery.

At the command, the battery opened fire from four guns … on some light batteries of the enemy which had taken position on our left. The firing at first was rapid” – 2nd Lieutenant William J. Furlong, Fraser’s Battery.

Moving out of park [just east of the Trostle buildings] we passed by a slight hollow just to the left and front of the large brick barn [Trostle’s]. We were going through a corn field where the corn was about six inches high. As soon as we reached the top of the rising ground, three batteries from the enemy [Cabell’s battalion], which were in good position, opened on us” – Captain Nelson Ames, Battery G, 1st New York.

The Battery [B, 1st New Jersey], in double column … Ames’ Battery [G, 1st New York] was coming up on a trot. In passing the position vacated by Battery B the enemy [Cabell’s battalion] opened a hot fire on them, from batteries in position near the Emmitsburg road” – Member of Battery B, 1st New Jersey.

A few minutes after, a battery [Ames’] of brass came over the same ground, and they were greeted with a hot fire of shell coming from the woods we had fired into” – Sergeant Ellis H. Timm, Battery B, 1st New Jersey.

A battery of twelve-pounders went past us on the gallop [G, 1st New York] and were unlimbered and planted along the crossroad … at the Peach Orchard” – Sergeant J. D. Bloodgood, Company I, 141st Pennsylvania.

“[Brigade] posted on the east side of, and within a few rods of the Emmitsburg road” – Private Ellis C. Strouss, Company K, 57th Pennsylvania.

Having no protection of any sort or kind … we threw ourselves upon the ground” – Member of the 114th Pennsylvania.

Our line advanced up the slope and deployed in an oat-field, some 15 rods from the pike, and were ordered to lie down. At this point we sustained a severe fire from artillery for some time” – Colonel Henry J. Madill, 141st Pennsylvania.

Just as the brigade was deploying, the enemy opened with artillery, raking this portion of the field with a converging fire” – Member of the 141st Pennsylvania.

At this time the enemy opened with his artillery a very destructive fire” – Colonel Calvin A. Craig, 105th Pennsylvania.

I saw Graham’s brigade move forward … the whole line … now moved forward, while the supporting regiments formed in column of division, followed the movement” – Captain Adolfo F. Cavada, Assistant Inspector General to Brigadier General Andrew A. Humphreys.

As the division moved forward in two lines … the enemy opened with artillery, which enfiladed us from the left” – Brigadier General Andrew A. Humphreys.

Scarcely had the line taken position when they [Cabell’s battalion] opened upon us a terrific fire” –Thomas D. Marbaker, Company E, 11th New Jersey.

We advanced across an open field, exposed to a terrific and murderous artillery fire from the enemy” – Captain Abram L. Lockwood, 120th New York.

Seeing Generals Meade and Sickles, not far off, in conversation, and supposing that General Meade had consented to the occupation, I sent at once to the reserve for more artillery” – Brigadier General Henry J. Hunt.

Gen. Meade and staff halted with Sickles … A battery on our left opened on the two staffs [of Meade and Sickles] and our brigade, and we got orders to lie down” – Benjamin D. Cooley, Company K, 6th New Jersey.

“[The regiment] was greeted with a storm of shells from rebel guns … The Second’s colors were shot out of their bearer’s hands, the staff being broken in three pieces, and several men were wounded” – Private Martin A. Haynes, Company I, 2nd New Hampshire.

Sources:
-Henry Coalter Cabell, Cabell Family Papers, Virginia Historical Society, Richmond.
-Official Reports of Lt. C. W. Motes, Lt. William J. Furlong, Col. Henry J. Madill, Col. Calvin A. Craig, Brig. Gen. Andrew A. Humphreys, Capt. Abram L. Lockwood.
-August 8, 1863 letter of Andrew W. Reese, Southern Banner, Athens, Georgia, August 26, 1863, p. 2.
-History of Battery G, First Regiment New York Light Artillery, by Capt. Nelson Ames, Marshalltown, IA: Marshall Printing Company, 1900, p. 63.
-History of Battery B, First New Jersey Artillery, by Michael Hanifen, Ottawa, IL: Republican-Times, Printers, 1905, p. 68.
-Clark’s N. J. Battery, by Sergeant Ellis H. Timm, National Tribune, January 8, 1891, p. 4.
-Personal Reminiscences of the War, by Rev. J. D. Bloodgood, NY: Hunt & Eaton, 1893, p. 132.
-Address of E. C. Strouss, September 11, 1889, Dedication of Monument to the 57th Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania at Gettysburg, I:359.
-Address of Lt. Col. E. R. Bowen, Dedication of the Monument to the 114th Regiment Infantry, November 11, 1888, Pennsylvania at Gettysburg, II:614.
-141st Pennsylvania, History of Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-5, by Samuel P. Bates, IV:439.
-Diary of A. F. Cavada, by Adolfo Fernandez de la Cavada, photocopy from Carolyn Hartman, Catlett Station Antiques, Catlett, Virginia, Ruth E. Lloyd Information Center, Bull Run Regional Library, Manassas, Virginia.
-History of the Eleventh New Jersey Volunteers, by Thos. D. Marbaker, Serg’t Co. E, Trenton, NJ: MacCrellish & Quigley, 1898, p. 97.
-The Second Day at Gettysburg, by Henry J. Hunt, Brevet Major General, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War, III:303.
-January 18, 1888 letter of Benjamin D. Cooley, Company K, 6th New Jersey, Final Report of the Gettysburg Battle-field Commission of New Jersey, Trenton: John L. Murphy Publishing Company, 1891, p. 103.
-A History of the Second Regiment New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry in the War of the Rebellion, by Martin A. Haynes, Lakeport, NH: 1896, p. 169.
 

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