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"Black men in the Confederate army": what the newspapers said - 1861-1865

Discussion in 'Civil War History - General Discussion' started by Andersonh1, Sep 12, 2016.

  1. Andersonh1

    Andersonh1 1st Lieutenant

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    With all the discussion about whether black men served as armed soldiers in the Confederate Army, I wanted to start researching contemporary accounts from the war years, 1861-1865, and see what made the newspapers. Thanks to the Library of Congress, there are huge amounts of old papers online, with a pretty good search engine, so it's not hard to find what the papers of the day said. So far I've found rumors, eyewitness accounts, editorials and random references. There was a range of opinion about the topic, just as there is today.

    The purpose of this thread is not to necessarily prove or disprove anything, it's to explore what the news of the day said about the concept. If you want to debate the existence of black Confederates, there are numerous other threads dedicated to that topic. While here, please confine discussion and commentary to posted articles and any observations you may have about them. Any supporting information that tells us about people, places or battles mentioned in an article is also welcome.
     
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  3. Andersonh1

    Andersonh1 1st Lieutenant

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    I've reworded it a bit, so if it meets with your moderator approval, we're good to go.
     
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  5. jgoodguy

    jgoodguy Brigadier General Moderator Forum Host

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    Looks good.
     
  6. Andersonh1

    Andersonh1 1st Lieutenant

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    Some of the posts are showing up twice on pages 42 and 43. Otherwise, the sticky at the top looks good, and will hopefully be helpful.
     
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  7. jgoodguy

    jgoodguy Brigadier General Moderator Forum Host

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    I'll check on the duplicates in a little while. Deleted some already. Had to use moderator black magic, so a bit of sulfur smell and the odd imp is to be expected.
     
    Last edited: Dec 29, 2016
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  8. Allie

    Allie Captain

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    Good work! So we know that these are some of the units present when Union sources claimed "a whole company of negroes" engaged them. Next question: why was that claim made? Was there any reason behind it? Maybe looking into the 8th Alabama and 3rd VA will shed some light.
     
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  9. Andersonh1

    Andersonh1 1st Lieutenant

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    The daily Evansville journal. (Evansville, Ind.) 1862-1863, March 16, 1863[​IMG]
     
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  10. StevenACole

    StevenACole Private

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    Douglass Monthly December 1861 (2).jpg

    Douglass Monthly December 1861
    African American Newspapers did report on the presence of Negro Confederates. Frederick Douglass argued that the Union was negligent to not enlist black men into the Union Army. The Dred Scott Decision put Negro citizenship into Limbo. Free Negroes were just that; black Americans who had been recognized as full citizens since the Rev War. Many even voted to ratify the Constitution. There were Northerners and Southerners who hated the idea of Black Equality! Even today their are those on both sides of the color line who are seperatists. Still, this is interesting material! I doubt that we will find any newspaper reports on the Confederacy proposing the abolition of slavery, or the granting of full citizenship rights to the Black Man.
     
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  11. Andersonh1

    Andersonh1 1st Lieutenant

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    A Southern paper passing along a report about "negro regiments" at Spring Hill.

    Spirit of the age. volume (Raleigh, N.C.) 1849-1865, March 23, 1863
    [​IMG]
     
    Last edited: Jan 2, 2017
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  12. Andersonh1

    Andersonh1 1st Lieutenant

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    This is an interesting article. From reading it, it's apparent they were aware that the Union army had occupied Richmond by this point, but they are still expecting troops to be contributed to the Confederate Army and the war to continue.

    The Anderson intelligencer. (Anderson Court House, S.C.) 1860-1914, April 20, 1865
    [​IMG]
     
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  13. Andersonh1

    Andersonh1 1st Lieutenant

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    Richmond enquirer. (Richmond, Va.) 1815-1867, December 03, 1861
    [​IMG]
     
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  14. huskerblitz

    huskerblitz Captain Forum Host

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    Umm? :bounce:
     
  15. contestedground

    contestedground Corporal

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    Okay, I'll bite: which one's the black Confederate?

    I am waiting for the evidence of black female Confederates, after all.
     
  16. Andersonh1

    Andersonh1 1st Lieutenant

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    Arrived today from Amazon. For $3.35 plus shipping I couldn't pass it up. Even more fun is that it's an old hardcover library edition from "Rider College Library", wherever that is. I love old books.
     
  17. jgoodguy

    jgoodguy Brigadier General Moderator Forum Host

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    My library resembles a library book kleptomaniac's stash. Mine not here, yet, but I took the $.01 plus shipping option.
     
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  18. unionblue

    unionblue Brev. Brig. Gen'l Member of the Year

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    Andersonh1,

    I hope you enjoy it as much as I did. I really think it will add to your own research on this thread.

    Sincerely,
    Unionblue
     
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  19. Andersonh1

    Andersonh1 1st Lieutenant

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    Not a soldier, but acting like one.

    Daily Nashville patriot. (Nashville, Tenn.) 1860-1862, July 30, 1861
    [​IMG]
     
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  20. Andersonh1

    Andersonh1 1st Lieutenant

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    Portion of an interview with Jupiter McFarland, a Richmond barber, who claimed the black men in Richmond working on fortifications were armed.

    The Camden confederate. (Camden, S.C.) 1861-1865, November 06, 1863
    [​IMG]
     
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  21. Andersonh1

    Andersonh1 1st Lieutenant

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    The western Democrat. (Charlotte, N.C.) 1852-1870, April 26, 1864
    [​IMG]
     
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  22. Andersonh1

    Andersonh1 1st Lieutenant

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    I haven't seen any other accounts of Ball's Bluff that mention black Confederate troops, so this is an interesting find. The Col. Lee mentioned in this article is Colonel William Lee of the 20th Massachusetts, a Union officer.

    Daily Nashville patriot. (Nashville, Tenn.) 1860-1862, November 29, 1861
    [​IMG]
     
  23. Andersonh1

    Andersonh1 1st Lieutenant

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    Another article about 1st Manassas.

    Daily intelligencer. (Wheeling, Va. [W. Va.]) 1859-1865, July 30, 1861
    [​IMG]
     
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