Battle of Richmond Kentucky August 29-30 1862 Battle Reports

66TH Indiana

Corporal
Joined
May 7, 2013
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Arizona
The Battle of Richmond, Kentucky, fought August 29–30, 1862, was a stunning Confederate victory by Maj. Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith against Union Maj. Gen. William "Bull" Nelson's forces, defending the town. It was the first major battle in the Kentucky Campaign. The battle took place on and around what is now the grounds of the Blue Grass Army Depot, outside Richmond, Kentucky.
Gen. Patrick Cleburne led Smith's advance with Col. John S. Scott's cavalry out in front. The Confederate cavalry, while moving north from Big Hill on the road to Richmond, Kentucky, on August 29, encountered Union troopers and began skirmishing. After noon, Union artillery and infantry joined the fray, forcing the Confederate cavalry to retreat to Big Hill.[3]
At that time, Brig. Gen. Mahlon D. Manson, who commanded Union forces in the area, ordered a brigade to march to Rogersville, toward the Rebels. Fighting for the day stopped after pursuing Union forces briefly skirmished with Cleburne's men in late afternoon. That night, Manson informed his superior, Bull Nelson, of his situation, and he ordered another brigade to be ready to march in support, when required.[3]
Kirby Smith ordered Cleburne to attack in the morning and promised to hurry reinforcements (Brig. Gen. Thomas J. Churchill's division). Cleburne started early, marching north, passed through Kingston, dispersed Union skirmishers, and approached Manson's battle line near Zion Church. As the day progressed, additional troops joined both sides. Following an artillery duel, the battle began, and after a concerted Confederate attack on the Union right, the Union troops gave way. Retreating into Rogersville, they made another futile stand at their old bivouac.[3]
By now, Smith and Nelson had arrived and taken command of their respective armies. Nelson rallied some troops in the cemetery outside Richmond, but they were routed.[wikipedia
General Patrick Cleburne took a bullet through his jaw turning over his command to Col. Preston Smith.
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Nelson and some of his men escaped, but the Confederates captured over 4,300 Union troops. Total casualties were 5,353 (206 killed, 844 wounded, 4,303 captured/missing) on the Union side, 451 (78 killed, 372 wounded, 1 missing) Confederate.[2]The way north towards Lexington and Frankfort was open.[3]
Civil War historian Shelby Foote remarked that Smith "accomplished in Kentucky the nearest thing to a Cannae ever scored by any general, North or South, in the course of the whole war."[4]wikipedia

Here is Union General Mahlon Manson's report on the battle :

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66TH Indiana

Corporal
Joined
May 7, 2013
Location
Arizona

redbob

Major
Regtl. Staff Shiloh 2020
Joined
Feb 18, 2013
Location
Hoover, Alabama
Thanks for information. Been by Richmond, Ky. many times but have not stopped at Battlefield. We need to go.

It is well worth the trip, the folks there have done an outstanding job with the battlefield. You can even get onto the Blue Grass Depot to see where Cleburne's attack took place and since the entire battle took place down one road it's easy to follow and understand. From Mount Zion Church to the main battlefield, through downtown and the cemetery and it ends in the parking lot of the Cracker Barrel next to I-75-a trip worth taking. www.battleofrichmond.org.
 
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