(Illustration from "The Pictorial Book of Anecdotes of the Rebellion," by R.M. Devens, 1889)
Is your dog a good judge of character? Have you ever heard people say that if their dogs don’t like someone, that’s good reason they shouldn’t like them either? From several accounts preserved in Civil War soldiers’ reminiscences, it would seem that dogs, and army dogs in particular, have a natural dislike for skulkers, deserters, and others up to no good. Maybe it was just the fraught circumstances of these encounters—and not a canine ability to detect character flaws—that earned each of these men a memorable physical rebuke from a nearby dog. But we’d bet the dogs knew exactly who they were dealing with.
A soldier of the 20th North Carolina shared this account of an incident during the Battle of South Mountain in September 1862:
“A pet dog belonging to Hays’ men was crazed with the noise and confusion of battle. A cannon ball cut the top out of a large oak, which in falling, imprisoned a skulker behind the tree. His cries for help were answered by the dog. I never saw a poor man’s pants torn so badly since. He suffered more than he would have had he gone into the fight.”
~From “Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions From North Carolina in the Great War 1861-’65,” (Vol. II) edited by Walter Clark
John D. Lippy, Jr., growing up in early 20th century Gettysburg, heard much about the 11th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry’s canine mascot, Sallie Ann Jarrett, from visiting veterans. The following story is one of the episodes of Sallie’s life that he shared in his 1962 book The War Dog.
Sallie regularly accompanied her soldiers into battle, where she often took up a position with the front line, barking furiously during the fight. She was wounded in combat in May 1864 at the Wilderness, when a minie ball struck her in the neck. Though the bullet could not be removed, it was not life-threatening, and Sallie returned to action after a few days’ convalescence. In one of the regiment’s next engagements, a frightened young conscript serving in another regiment attempted to retreat through the 11th’s lines. Sallie grabbed him as he ran by, tearing the seat out of his pants.
(Illustration from "The War Dog" by John D. Lippy, Jr., 1962)
And here is an account of a bounty-jumper captured by a dog, as shared by @John Hartwell in an earlier post.
Good dogs! Rascals and scoundrels beware!