April 9 In Civil War History

Jimklag

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This date in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag

April 9, 1816 - African Methodist Episcopal Church organizes (Philadelphia)

April 9, 1837 - Lieutenant Robert E. Lee is ordered to St. Louis to rework the Mississippi River commercial channel.

April 9. 1861 - Two more vessels leave New York Harbor, NY, for Fort Sumter, SC, including the US steamer, the USS Baltic.

April 9. 1862 - Action at Owen's River, CA.

April 9, 1862 - Jacksonville, FL, is evacuated by the Union forces.

April 9, 1862 - Brig. Gen. Mosby Monroe Parsons, MO, State Guard, assumes the command of the Confederate Missouri State Guard.

April 9, 1862 - Federal scout to Shiloh Camp, on Hoyle's Run, near Quincy, MO, and skirmishes; scout to Little Niangua, Hickory County, MO; and scout from Humansville to Montevallo, Vernon County, MO.

April 9, 1862 - Skirmish at Jackson, MO, with the MO Cavalry Militia.

April 9, 1862 - Federal reconnaissance in front of Yorktown, VA. (Apr 9-11)

April 9, 1863 - Halbert Eleazer Paine, USA, is appointed Brig. Gen. Hector Tyndale, USA, is appointed Brig. Gen.

April 9. 1863 - Skirmish on the White River, AR.

April 9, 1863 - Operations in West Louisiana. (Apr 9-5)

April 9, 1863 - Union forces cross Berwick Bay, LA. (Apr 9-11)

April 9, 1863 - Skirmish at Sedalia, MO.

April 9, 1863 - Action at Blount's Creek, NC, during Maj. Gen. Daniel Harvey Hill's, CSA, siege of Washington, NC.

April 9, 1863 - The Confederate destruction of the Union steamer George Washington, near Beaufort, SC, after her ironclad escort, Hale, runs aground.

April 9, 1863 - Skirmish at Franklin, TN.

April 9, 1863 - Skirmish near the Obion River, at Antioch Station, TN.

April 9, 1863 - Confederate operations against Gloucester Point, VA, are repelled. (Apr 9-14)

April 9, 1864 - Union surgeon Mary Edwards Walker is captured by Confederate troops and arrested as a spy during US Civil War.

April 9, 1864 - Skirmishes on Prairie D'Ane, AR, prevents Maj. Gen. Frederick Steele, USA, from assisting Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks, USA. The Camden (AR) Campaign. (Apr 9-12)

April 9, 1864 - The Engagement at Pleasant Hill, LA, with Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks, USA, repulsing Maj. Gen. Richard Taylor, CSA, but effectively halting Banks' Red River Campaign.

April 9, 1864 - Skirmish near Raleigh,TN, with Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest's, CSA, Cavalry.

April 9, 1864 - Maj. Gen. George Stoneman, USA, is assigned to the command of the Cavalry Corps, the Dept. of the Ohio, TN.

April 9, 1864 - Maj. Gen. John M. Schofield, USA, assumes the command of the 23rd US Army Corps, the Army of the Cumberland, TN.

April 9, 1864 - U.S. Grant's offensive plans are laid for a general advance of the Armies of the United States as follows:
1. Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks, USA, to advance on Mobile, AL.
2. Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA, the Military Division of the Mississippi, to advance on Georgia, and the Confederate Army of Tennessee, under Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, CSA.
3. Maj. Gen. Franz Sigel, USA, commanding the Dept. of West Virginia, to advance down the Shenandoah Valley, VA.
4. Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler, USA, commanding the Army of the James, to advance upon Richmond, VA, from the south side of the James River, VA.
5. Maj. Gen. George G. Meade, USA, commanding the Army of the Potomac, to advance upon the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, under Gen. Robert E. Lee, CSA.

April 9, 1865 - Federal expedition from Blakely to Claiborne, AL, and skirmish (Apr 11) near Mount Pleasant, the Mobile, AL, Campaign. (Apr 9-17)

April 9, 1865 - The Federal bombardment and the capture of Batteries Huger and Tracy, near Mobile, AL, as Mobile is on the verge of surrender by Maj. Gen. Dabney H. Maury, CSA. (Apr 9-11)

April 9, 1865 - Engagement at Appomattox Court-House, VA, as Gen. Robert E. Lee, CSA, orders one last assault to break through the Union lines. Initially, Maj. Gens. John Brown Gordon and Fitzhugh Lee, CSA, break through the Union cavalry only to find solid lines of Federal infantry blocking the way.

April 9, 1865 - THE SURRENDER OF THE ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA AT APPOMATTOX COURTHOUSE. VA. by General Robert Edward Lee. CSA. to Lieut. General Ulysses Simpson Grant. USA, at the Wilbur McLean Residence.

April 9, 1865 - Brig. Gen. Thomas Alfred Smyth, USA, dies near Burkeville, VA, from his wound received two days before at Farmville, VA. He is the last Federal General to die from combat wounds in the American Civil War.

April 9, 1865 - President Jefferson Davis, representing the remnants of the Confederate Government, vows to carry on the fight for Southern independence at the new capital of Danville, VA.

April 9, 1866 - Congress overrides President Andrew Johnson's veto of the Civil Rights Act.

April 9, 1867 - Senate ratifies treaty purchasing Alaska.

April 9, 1870 - The American Anti-Slavery Society dissolves.

April 9, 1949 - Wilmer McLean House "Surrender House" at Appomattox Court House opens to the public.
 
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