April 12 In Civil War History

Jimklag

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This date in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag

April 12, 1787 - Philadelphia's Free African Society forms

April 12, 1844 - Texan envoys sign Treaty of Annexation with the United States

April 12, 1861 - April 13, 1861 - Beginning at 4:30 am on the 12th and continuing until the morning of the 13th, Confederate batteries along the shore of Charleston Harbor under P.G.T. Beauregard fire on Fort Sumter under the command of Major Robert Anderson. Anderson arranges a surrender with Texas Senator Louis Wigfall on the morning of the 13th.

April 12. 1861 - The reinforcements from Fortress Monroe, VA, and a detachment of marines, land on Santa Rosa Island, at Fort Pickens, Pensacola, FL.

April 12, 1861 - May 10, 1865 - The American Civil War

April 12, 1862 - Brig. Gen. Adley Hogan Gladden, CSA, dies near Corinth, MS, from complications of his wound received at the Battle of Shiloh, TN, on Apr 6

April 12, 1862 - William Yarnel Slack, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.

April 12, 1862 - Federal expedition to Bear Creek, AL, by Brig. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA. (Apr 12-13)

April 12, 1862 - The Great Locomotive Chase begins at Marietta, GA, as Mr. James J. Andrews commandeers the Confederate locomotive, General, is pursued and finally caught by the locomotive, Texas, north of Ringgold, GA. 8 were executed, Andrews included; 8 escaped from prison, and 6 were paroled.

April 12, 1862 - Skirmish at the Little Blue River, MO.

April 12, 1862 - Skirmish at Monterey, VA, with Brig. Gen. Robert Milroy, USA.

April 12, 1862 - The command of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, CSA, is extended over the Depts. of Norfolk and the Peninsula, VA.

April 12, 1862 - Maj. Gen. Nathaniel Prentiss Banks, USA, assumes the command of the Dept. of the Shenandoah, VA.

April 12.1962 - Federal raid from Fairmont to Valley River and Boothsville, Marion County, WV, sent by Brig. Gen. Benjamin F. Kelley, USA, to capture or kill certain individuals in the area trying to raise companies of volunteers for the Confederate cause; the raid being successful with most of the men killed.

April 12, 1862 - Combining the Confederate Army of the Potomac with John Magruder's Army of the Peninsula and a large garrison at Norfolk, President Jefferson Davis creates the Army of Northern Virginia.

April 12, 1863 - Federal expedition from Camp Babbitt to Keysville, CA, against Indians, thought to be Tehachapie and Owen's River Indians, were surrounded; the old men and boys were released while the other bucks (about 35) were either shot or sabered to death. (Apr 12-24)

April 12, 1863 - Affair on the Amite River, LA, where the Confederates attempt to recover guns, etc. from the scuttled Union gunboat there.

April 12, 1863 - Engagement at Fort Bisland (Bethel Place or Bayou Teche), near Centreville, LA, including the destruction of the Queen of the West, (Apr 14) which was captured and in Confederate use. (Apr 12-13)

April 12, 1862 - Destruction of the Confederate steamer, the Stonewall Jackson, just from Nassau, by her own crew who feared capture, near Long Island, SC.

April 12, 1863 - Skirmish at Stewartsboro, TN, with a Confederate rout.

April 12, 1863 - Skirmishes on the Edenton, Providence Church, and Somerton Roads, VA, as Lieut. Gen. James Longstreet, CSA, moves on Suffolk, VA. (Apr 12-13)

April 12, 1863 - Federal reconnaissance from Gloucester Point to the vicinity of Hickory Forks, VA, and the burning of a civilian grain mill.

April 12, 1863 - Federal reconnaissance from Winchester up Cedar Creek Valley, VA. 4/12-13/1863.

April 12, 1863 - President Lincoln receives a letter from Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker, USA, who suggests a movement around Gen. Robert E. Lee's flank to Richmond, VA, which is contrary to their discussions just held where Lincoln reminded Hooker that Lee's Army must be Hooker's main goal.

April 12, 1863 -The siege of Suffolk - General James Longstreet surrounds Suffolk in southeastern Virginia.

April 12, 1864 - Skirmish at Van Buren, AR.

April 12, 1864 - Skirmish near Fremont's Orchard, on the north side of the Platte River, the Colorado Territory, where the Federals attack and kill many Indians purported to have been harassing the ranchers there. From the arrows sticking in some of the Yankees, it appears they are Cheyenne.

April 12, 1864 - The Engagement at Blair's (or Pleasant Hill) Landing, LA, including the participation of the Union gunboats, Lexington, and the Osage, the Red River (LA) Campaign. (Apr 12-13) Brig. Gen. Thomas Green, CSA, is mortally wounded at the engagement at Blair's Landing, LA, by an exploding shell fired from the Federal Gunboats that accompanied Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks', USA, Red River Campaign Expedition.

April 12, 1864 - Skirmish at Fort Bisland, LA.

April 12, 1864 - Federal expedition from Point Lookout, MD, to Westmoreland County, VA, to search for Rebel contraband goods; 3 Union gunboats as well as the 36th US Colored Infantry participating. (Apr 12-14)

April 12, 1864 - Maj. Gen. Simon B. Buckner, CSA, assumes the command of the Confederate Dept. of East Tennessee.

April 12, 1864 - Skirmish at Pleasant Hill Landing, TN.

April 12, 1864 - The Confederate capture of Fort Pillow, TN, by Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest, CSA, and the reported massacre of Union troops, the majority of whom were black.

April 12, 1865 - The Union forces, under Maj. Gen. Eward R. S. Canby, USA, occupy Mobile, AL, the Mobile, AL, Campaign.

April 12, 1865 - Skirmish on the Columbus Road, near Montgomery, AL, with Brig. Gen. James H. Wilson, USA.

April 12, 1865 - The Union forces, under Brig. Gen. James H. Wilson, USA, occupy Montgomery, AL.

April 12, 1865 - Federal scout from Tallahassa Mission, the Indian Territory, in the direction of Concharty, with a long range skirmish with outlaws. (Apr 12-13)

April 12, 1865 - Federal expedition from Port Hudson to Jackson, LA, with the Union capture of various Confederate officers and men. (Apr 12-13)

April 12, 1865 - Federal scout against Indians, from Dakota City, the Nebraska Territory, to Elk Creek, the West Fork of Badger Creek, westerly toward the South Fork of the Elk Creek, thence up to the Chalk Branch, finding and capturing some Omaha Indians, probably from the Omaha Indian Reserve. (Apr 12-16)

April 12, 1865 - Federal scout from Fort Stanton, the New Mexico Territory, in pursuit of 4 Indians who stole a few head of cattle from a ranch on the Carrizo and Ruidoso Creeks. The Yankees pursue; the Indians split up; the Federals track one lone Indian for days on end, through canons, brush, mountains, etc. He was able to evade them until the Yankees give up and return to their Fort. (Apr 12-25)

April 12, 1865 - President Jefferson Davis meets with Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, CSA, at Greensborough, NC, and permits Johnston to meet with Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA, to discuss the issue of surrender.

April 12, 1865 - Action near Raleigh.NC, with Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA, and Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, CSA.

April 12, 1865 - Skirmish near Raleigh, NC, with Sherman and Johnston.

April 12, 1865 - The Union forces under Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA, occupy Raleigh, NC, the capital of North Carolina.

April 12, 1865 - Skirmish at Grant's Creek, near Salisbury, NC, with Maj. Gen. George Stoneman, USA.

April 12, 1865 - Engagement at Salisbury, NC, with Maj. Gen. George Stoneman. The Union forces, under Maj. Gen. George Stoneman, USA, occupy Salisbury, NC, capturing over 1,300 Confederate prisoners.

April 12, 1865 - Action at Swift Creek, NC, with Gen. Joseph E. Johnston and Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman.

April 12, 1865 - Maj. Gen. Joshua Chamberlain, USA, receives the official surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia by Maj. Gen. John Brown Gordon, CSA, at Appomattox Court-House (or Clover Hill).
 

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bdtex

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Busy day on this day. Fort Sumter, Great Locomotive Chase, ANV created, Fort Bisland, Blair's Landing, Thomas Green killed, Fort Pillow, Mobile, Montgomery AL and Raleigh NC occupied...
 
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April 12, 1865 - Maj. Gen. Joshua Chamberlain, USA, receives the official surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia by Maj. Gen. John Brown Gordon, CSA, at Appomattox Court-House (or Clover Hill).
Love this moment in the narrative. 2 officers, mere civilians prewar, who rose through the ranks due to talent for command, seeing their respective armies march one final time. Chamberlain and Gordon both give great accounts of this moment.
Will admit to being a fanboy of those 2, not going to lie.
 

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